After fifty years of communist dictatorship in Romania, they had the opportunity to choose democracy and freedom. For fifty years, Nicolae Ceausescu and his party violated the rights of the people of Romania especially those of freedom. The democratization process started after the people overthrew Nicolae Ceausescu in December 1989. The party was then dissolved and the Council of the National High Front (that was composed of former Communists who were temporarily in power) legalized the formation of political parties. The multi-party system was allowed. The first free and fair elections were held in 1990 and won by the NSF. This election had a significant turnout.
Tags - Nicolae Ceausescu,National High Front, Romania
[...] The President is responsible for the protection of the Constitution, and for foreign affairs. He is also the commander in chief of the army and acts as a mediator between the various centers of power within the state. The President appoints the Prime Minister for a term of four years, who in turn appoints the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister is the head of government. He enforces the law and directs the business of the country. -Legislative power: This is the Parliament which has a bicameral structure: that is to say, it is composed of a Chamber of Deputies (Lower House) and the Senate (Upper House).This organization system is intended to moderate the action of the lower house by making all its decisions and by examining the Upper House. [...]
[...] More recently, the situation worsened in mid-October 2009 when the government was overthrown. It bore the brunt of the coalition formed by the Liberal Democrats Basescu and the Social Democratic rival Geoana. This political crisis had an impact on the economic crisis. In fact, the IMF granted a loan of 20 billion euros to help the country out of the crisis, but this aid was suspended due to the unstable situation. Romania must act urgently in adopting the 2010 budget and electing a prime minister. [...]
[...] There may also be special sessions at the request of the President of Romania. The function of Parliament is to nominate or revoke certain state authorities. - The judiciary: Its role is to monitor the implementation of the law and punish non-compliance. This power is vested in the judges and the magistrates, and is based on legislation (drafted by the legislature). However, the judiciary is not fully independent; it is heavily influenced by the institutions of the executive. The judiciary consists of: the public prosecutor (representing society), the Superior Council of Magistracy (elected by Parliament for four years) and the Courts of Justice. [...]
[...] This crisis began in 2004 with the election of Traian Basescu: the legitimacy of his election was contested. He was accused by the opposition of non-compliance with the Constitution. In December 2006, Traian Băsescu dared an official statement of condemnation of the crimes of communism. This statement has destabilized the former opposition, including the Communists who see him as a brother who was once an enemy of theirs. In Parliament, his opponents tried to overthrow him. Thus on 19 April 2007 Parliament voted by 322 votes against 108 for the suspension of the functions of the President. [...]
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