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Essays in modern history 61 to 90

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10 Jan 2011
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Mao's 'Strategic Problems of China's Revolutionary War'

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

The "encirclement chess" or the game of Go is a typical Asian game of strategy which is popular among Chinese generals. The preparation of strategic action in time of peace, the primary objective of control of a sphere of influence, the action developed from the periphery to the center or during...

10 Jan 2011
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Short history of United Fruit Company - the case of Guatemala

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

A small country located at a key point of Central America, Guatemala has a troubled and tragic history, and was thus told by a specialist that it was a "gift from the devil". Recent history seems to confirm this grim diagnosis. The civil war in Guatemala (1962-1996) was one of the longest and...

10 Jan 2011
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American colonies

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The colonization of North America began in the early seventeenth century and was mainly carried out by Spain, France and England. British colonization was inaugurated in 1607 by the establishment of the first colony, organized around the city of Jamestown, Virginia. Throughout the century, the...

29 Sep 2010
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Vichy's Responsability in the Holocaust : The Failure of the Integration of the Jews of France ?

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

On July 16th 1995, President Jacques Chirac officially recognized for the first time, the responsibility of the Vichy regime in the genocide of the Jews. This statement was heralded as a break from the past as it had been traditionally asserted that no French governmental authorities had taken...

29 Sep 2010
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Great Britain during the Second World War

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

Since 1933, the UK and France were not weren't ready economically and financially to wage war against Germany. In 1933, its leader Adolf Hitler, seized power lawfully, and wanted to take revenge after the humiliation of the Versailles Treaty. Indeed, after WWII, France, the UK and the USA decided...

29 Sep 2010
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Communism and Fascism : Two ideologies of the 20th century

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

Communism and Fascism have both played a very decisive role in the 20th century. They had a big impact on all the major geopolitical issues of this century; the Russians Revolution of October 1917, the Spanish civil war, WWII, Cold War, Vietnamese's wars, Cuba's regime etc. It is commonly...

29 Sep 2010
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Great Britain, the United States and the Commonwealth

Essay - 14 pages - Modern history

The aim of the lecture is to determine whether there is really a special relationship between Britain and the US. It was only in the aftermath of the Second World War that the term of special relationship came to be used to describe the partnership between Britain and America. Indeed, despite the...

29 Sep 2010
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The period from 1948 to 1953 was a phase of high intensity in Cold War history and decisively shaped the future of the European continent. Analyse the events in Europe in this period and their meaning for European integration.

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

After World War II, Europe was destroyed and two superpowers emerged; the United States and the USSR. The United States was the only state to have the atomic bomb and used the massive weapon against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, and the USSR was important because of the fight against Nazi...

29 Sep 2010
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The modernization of Russia through the urban transformations in the cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

In the second half of the 19th century, Imperial Russia went through a lot of changes. Reforms of serfdom, administration, clergy and lot of others caused changes in the society and the formation of a new organization within the different social classes. The country was also going through a new...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent was the scientific revolution embedded in the culture of absolutism?

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

In his Essays about Moral and Political issues in 1742, David Hume asserts 'In all ages of the world, priests have been enemies of liberty.' Indeed, for centuries, the main source of truth have been the study of sacred texts i.e. theology, so that almost all the powers remained in the...

29 Sep 2010
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Chernobyl disaster

Essay - 17 pages - Modern history

In what is now a cold barren wasteland, lays the abandoned city of Pripyat and the lifeless Red Forest. Its silence is a deafening reminder of the tragic events of April 26, 1986. Lives were shattered and perceptions were changed forever. What was scheduled as a safety test ended up spiralling...

29 Sep 2010
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Study of a charismatic leader: Martin Luther King

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

Management is the whole of techniques that an organization has in order to organize, plan and control all the resources which are implemented for the administration of the entity. In order to take into account the impact of the time and the type of risk and information on the decision makings of...

29 Sep 2010
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What were the main factors of the collapse of " Social Democracy " in Britain?

Essay - 11 pages - Modern history

After the Second World War, the British political and economic landscape underwent a radical transformation in its own foundations. Indeed, the previous economic orthodoxy that had characterized the governing of Britain was substituted by a Keynesian form of welfare state. It was the beginning of...

29 Sep 2010
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Was the establishment of a specifically Jewish state in Palestine the most favorable way for Britain to protect its post-WWI imperial interests in the Middle East?

Essay - 10 pages - Modern history

History textbooks that deal with the birth of the Zionism repeatedly take for granted a major component of the movement's early success underlying British support. The beginning of the history of Israel is commonly preoccupied with Theodor Herzl or the Balfour Declaration, but very rarely is...

29 Sep 2010
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Constantinople: the Key to European Balance in the pre First World War World

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

One can view the First World War and claim that it was fought for a complex web of rationales by a complex web of interdependent actors and the events of June 1914 sent the whole system into a state of madness and disarray. However, one can also claim that Europe was systematically into two...

29 Sep 2010
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How was the Declaration of Independence written?

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Congress on July 4th 1776. In fact, this Declaration written in particular by Thomas Jefferson, announced that American colonies were no longer a part of the British Empire. It is known as the « Declaration of Philadelphia », since...

29 Sep 2010
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Critical analysis of the letter collection of Einhard

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

During the Carolingian Renaissance, the practice of writing and collecting letters was promoted both by the advance in communications within the Carolingian empire and by the renewed interest in classical literature and learning . Einhard' letters are an example of such a revival, along with the...

29 Sep 2010
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What does historical research tell us about the social character and ideas of the Parisian sans-culotte?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

With his 'Phrygians cap' also called ?bonnet rouge' or the ?cap of liberty'; his blue-white-red striped long-trousers, his carmagnole (short-skirted coat) and his sabots (wooden shoes) characterized the Parisian sans-culotte who was one of the most famous, symbolic active figures...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent is the description of China in the 19th century as a semi-colony justified?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

In the nineteenth century, an expansionist ideology led the industrial nations to build colonial empires throughout the world. During this century, China was confronted by these imperialist powers. They aimed to exercise their domination on the Middle Kingdom. In the Marxist thought, China in the...

29 Sep 2010
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The trial of Marie-Antoinette

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

After the execution of King Louis XVI on January 21, 1793, Marie Antoinette, who was responsible for the act, was not sued initially. There are different hypotheses surrounding the execution. Some among the revolutionaries wished to keep her as a bargaining ship for the Austrian Empire, and some...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent was the fate of the Revolution linked to the personalities of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette ?

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

The French Revolution is deeply linked to the individuals, and the King and the Queen do not infringe on that rule. The personalities of the sovereigns', by which we mean their characters, the values they embody and how they were seen in public opinion, determined, among others the increasing...

29 Sep 2010
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David O'Connell: Catholic Emancipation & Repeal of the Act of Union

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

The success of the Catholic Emancipation campaign aroused a lot of hopes in Ireland. Six seventh of the Irish population was catholic, and hence, it was possible for them to “hold all civil and military offices except the offices of Regent, Lord Chancellor and Lord Lieutenant” . Daniel...

29 Sep 2010
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The New Deal: Response to FDR's Folly by Jim Powell

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

What Can We Learn from FDR's Mistakes? The title and content of the last chapter of the book FDR's Folly illustrate the real purpose of Jim Powell through this book. It defended a laissez faire approach to today's economic problems. This aim led him to emphasize the downside of the...

29 Sep 2010
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Media in Germany after World War Two - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The development of media in the Western Germany during the period of the Allied Occupation (1945-1949) and in the first decade of the Federal Republic (1949-1959) The media is present all around the world. The media tries to express facts, entertainment, opinion, and other information. In this...

29 Sep 2010
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The fall of the Oyo Empire

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The Oyo kingdom is located in the south of the actual territory of Nigeria. It expanded from the 16th to the 18th century to become the Oyo Empire, reaching its peak (around 47570km2) in the middle of the 18th century. Less than a century later, in 1836, its capital, Oyo Ile, had been abandoned,...

29 Sep 2010
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Why has the historical development of the EU been so uneven? - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

On the 28th of March 2001, Lionel Jospin, the French Prime Minister made an interesting declaration: 'Europe is more than a market. It stands for a model of society that has grown historically.' . This statement refers to the development of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in...

29 Sep 2010
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Debate about the treatment of Indians in sixteenth-century Spain

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Since the discovery of the Caribbean and South America, these territories had been progressively ruled all along the sixteenth-century by Spanish settlers, who looked for labour forces to exploit the new lands for revenue of the Crown and for themselves; and also by missionaries sent by the Crown...

29 Sep 2010
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The impact of the Suez crisis on Britain, Egypt and Israel

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

The Suez Crisis of 1956 has been commonly seen as a turning point in post war world history, the moment when Britain's pretension to world power status was stripped away, and when Egypt became the leader of the Arab world, an event which triggered a radical change in the relations between...

29 Sep 2010
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The portrait of John F. Kennedy

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. The youngest ever elected to the presidency and the first of the Roman Catholic faith, John F. Kennedy won the election of...

29 Sep 2010
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Racism and discrimination against the Black population in the US

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

The blacks in Africa lived together in tribes and with the families staying together in the village and leading a life based on strong morals. Each tribe had developed a culture and their native language. According to most Europeans, the Africans were ignorant, pagan savages who needed to be...