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Essays in modern history 61 to 90

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29 Sep 2010
doc

What were the main factors of the collapse of " Social Democracy " in Britain?

Essay - 11 pages - Modern history

After the Second World War, the British political and economic landscape underwent a radical transformation in its own foundations. Indeed, the previous economic orthodoxy that had characterized the governing of Britain was substituted by a Keynesian form of welfare state. It was the beginning of...

29 Sep 2010
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Was the establishment of a specifically Jewish state in Palestine the most favorable way for Britain to protect its post-WWI imperial interests in the Middle East?

Essay - 10 pages - Modern history

History textbooks that deal with the birth of the Zionism repeatedly take for granted a major component of the movement's early success underlying British support. The beginning of the history of Israel is commonly preoccupied with Theodor Herzl or the Balfour Declaration, but very rarely is...

29 Sep 2010
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Constantinople: the Key to European Balance in the pre First World War World

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

One can view the First World War and claim that it was fought for a complex web of rationales by a complex web of interdependent actors and the events of June 1914 sent the whole system into a state of madness and disarray. However, one can also claim that Europe was systematically into two...

29 Sep 2010
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How was the Declaration of Independence written?

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The Declaration of Independence is a statement adopted by the Congress on July 4th 1776. In fact, this Declaration written in particular by Thomas Jefferson, announced that American colonies were no longer a part of the British Empire. It is known as the « Declaration of Philadelphia...

29 Sep 2010
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Critical analysis of the letter collection of Einhard

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

During the Carolingian Renaissance, the practice of writing and collecting letters was promoted both by the advance in communications within the Carolingian empire and by the renewed interest in classical literature and learning . Einhard' letters are an example of such a revival, along...

29 Sep 2010
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What does historical research tell us about the social character and ideas of the Parisian sans-culotte?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

With his 'Phrygians cap' also called ?bonnet rouge' or the ?cap of liberty'; his blue-white-red striped long-trousers, his carmagnole (short-skirted coat) and his sabots (wooden shoes) characterized the Parisian sans-culotte who was one of the most famous, symbolic active figures...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent is the description of China in the 19th century as a semi-colony justified?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

In the nineteenth century, an expansionist ideology led the industrial nations to build colonial empires throughout the world. During this century, China was confronted by these imperialist powers. They aimed to exercise their domination on the Middle Kingdom. In the Marxist thought, China in the...

29 Sep 2010
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The trial of Marie-Antoinette

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

After the execution of King Louis XVI on January 21, 1793, Marie Antoinette, who was responsible for the act, was not sued initially. There are different hypotheses surrounding the execution. Some among the revolutionaries wished to keep her as a bargaining ship for the Austrian Empire, and some...

29 Sep 2010
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To what extent was the fate of the Revolution linked to the personalities of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette ?

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

The French Revolution is deeply linked to the individuals, and the King and the Queen do not infringe on that rule. The personalities of the sovereigns', by which we mean their characters, the values they embody and how they were seen in public opinion, determined, among others the increasing...

29 Sep 2010
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David O'Connell: Catholic Emancipation & Repeal of the Act of Union

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

The success of the Catholic Emancipation campaign aroused a lot of hopes in Ireland. Six seventh of the Irish population was catholic, and hence, it was possible for them to “hold all civil and military offices except the offices of Regent, Lord Chancellor and Lord Lieutenant” ....

29 Sep 2010
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The New Deal: Response to FDR's Folly by Jim Powell

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

What Can We Learn from FDR's Mistakes? The title and content of the last chapter of the book FDR's Folly illustrate the real purpose of Jim Powell through this book. It defended a laissez faire approach to today's economic problems. This aim led him to emphasize the downside of the...

29 Sep 2010
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Media in Germany after World War Two - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The development of media in the Western Germany during the period of the Allied Occupation (1945-1949) and in the first decade of the Federal Republic (1949-1959) The media is present all around the world. The media tries to express facts, entertainment, opinion, and other information. In this...

29 Sep 2010
pdf

The fall of the Oyo Empire

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The Oyo kingdom is located in the south of the actual territory of Nigeria. It expanded from the 16th to the 18th century to become the Oyo Empire, reaching its peak (around 47570km2) in the middle of the 18th century. Less than a century later, in 1836, its capital, Oyo Ile, had been abandoned,...

29 Sep 2010
pdf

Why has the historical development of the EU been so uneven? - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

On the 28th of March 2001, Lionel Jospin, the French Prime Minister made an interesting declaration: 'Europe is more than a market. It stands for a model of society that has grown historically.' . This statement refers to the development of the European Coal and Steel Community...

29 Sep 2010
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Debate about the treatment of Indians in sixteenth-century Spain

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Since the discovery of the Caribbean and South America, these territories had been progressively ruled all along the sixteenth-century by Spanish settlers, who looked for labour forces to exploit the new lands for revenue of the Crown and for themselves; and also by missionaries sent by the Crown...

29 Sep 2010
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The impact of the Suez crisis on Britain, Egypt and Israel

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

The Suez Crisis of 1956 has been commonly seen as a turning point in post war world history, the moment when Britain's pretension to world power status was stripped away, and when Egypt became the leader of the Arab world, an event which triggered a radical change in the relations between...

29 Sep 2010
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The portrait of John F. Kennedy

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917-1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. The youngest ever elected to the presidency and the first of the Roman Catholic faith, John F. Kennedy won the election of...

29 Sep 2010
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Racism and discrimination against the Black population in the US

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

The blacks in Africa lived together in tribes and with the families staying together in the village and leading a life based on strong morals. Each tribe had developed a culture and their native language. According to most Europeans, the Africans were ignorant, pagan savages who needed to be...

29 Sep 2010
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Desegregation and civil rights movements in the USA

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Although the Civil War had abolished slavery, the black people still suffered from racial discrimination, particularly in the Southern states. Not only did they often feel discriminated against, but were continually looked down upon by their white counterparts in many genres like education, at...

29 Sep 2010
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The Frontier

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

During the 19th century the American economy grew rapidly. New inventions and capital investment led to the creation of new industries and led to economic growth. With the development of various modes of effective transportation the opportunities for new business ventures increased. However,...

24 Jun 2010
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Essay analysis on sexuality, identity and homosexuals

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

In Halperin's “Is There a History of Sexuality”, he explains that sex as an act is a natural and universal phenomenon and thus has no history. On the other hand, he clarifies that there is a history of sexuality, although it is a fairly recent history and is socially constructed. By...

01 Apr 2010
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The US-Soviet conflicts in World War II

Essay - 1 pages - Modern history

There were many conflicts between the U.S. and the USSR during World War II as the alliance between the two countries was held together only by their common desire to defeat Germany and Japan, not by any common ideology. A new conflict arose from the question of security. At the Yalta Conference...

05 Jan 2010
pdf

Charlotte Forten Grimke: An American educational pioneer

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

“Charlotte belonged to the prominent member of the Forten-Purvis family. Her family were activists for Black causes and Charlotte proved to be just as influential an activist and leader of civil rights. Her parents were Robert Bridges and Mary Woods Forten. Her father and his brother in law,...

20 Feb 2009
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US intervention in Guatemala and Bolivia in the 1950's

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Ever since the early days of European colonization, Latin America has always been a hotbed of unequal distribution of wealth. Latin American economies suffer from disproportionately high rates of inequality, with the richest ten percent of the populace bringing in up to 51.5 percent (Brazil,...

05 Feb 2009
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The Red Maestro: Leopold Trepper and the Communist European Spy Network of World War II

Essay - 11 pages - Modern history

There was obviously a good amount of rhyme and reason to the Nazi Abwehr's technical jargon. Each codename had its own justification, and worked fairly well on a metaphorical level. From calling forgers “cobblers” (due to the amount of overlap between shoemaking tools...

05 Feb 2009
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Impact of World War I on the American home front

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

The First World War (WWI), the Great War that ended all wars initiated by the Allied and Associated Powers based on the opposition to the Central Powers of Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire was the most destructive and by the most costly to the nations involved. What is...

21 Jan 2009
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President Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima: Was there a realistic alternative to this course of action?

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

On the morning of August 6, 1945, the United States dropped, on the city of Hiroshima, the first of the only two nuclear bombs ever employed against human population, killing more than 115.000 people - probably as many as 250.000 according to the highest estimates - and...

21 Jan 2009
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The treaty of Versailles

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

World War I (1914-1918) left the European continent completely devastated (especially France and Belgium). Human and material losses were massive. Indeed, about 10 million lives had been lost during the war. In order to prevent this nightmare from happens again, the victorious powers (the...

19 Jan 2009
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European diplomacy: from the Bismarckian System and the Realpolitik to the pre-WW1 Alliances and the Weltpolitik

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

From 1872 to 1907, a series of alliances are formed among European major powers. The international system formed by German chancellor Bismarck in order to ensure Germany's hegemony within Europe and prevent a possible French revenge disappears in 1890. Then, the European powers gather in two...

16 Jan 2009
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The failure of the Arusha Process in the Rwandese Crisis

Essay - 11 pages - Modern history

The 1994 Rwandese genocide happened in the following of a civil war which had begun more than three years earlier. In October 1990, the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), which gathered the Rwandese who were refugees in south Uganda (mostly since the decolonization period at the end of the 1960s),...