The Carpathian basin is composed by the Carpathians, the Alps ands the Dinaric Alps. This geographical situation makes present-day Hungary as a singular country, a land with melting-pot cultures from different ages. Finally, the Magyars has sealed the curse when the prince Árpád has conquered the Carpathian basin in 896. During the following millennium, the Magyars has known many periods of occupation of different civilisations and culture. All those aspects lead us to have interests in two main aspects of Hungarian history and culture. On one hand, we will describe some aspects of the early way of life, the effects on the steppe migration and on the other hand, we will touch on the subject of the mutual effects in the Carpathian basin which have influenced the features of the Magyar's culture.
[...] There was also the development of cooperation between the Imperial Court of Vienna and the Hungarian noblemen. Under the impulse of Enlightenment, Joseph II organised the compulsory education and encouraged book publishing. Eventually, Kazinczy was in charge of Hungarian language reform. The eighteen-century Hungary was rebuilt with the construction of rococo palaces, Baroque cathedrals, libraries and schools, the ornaments inside the buildings. The XIXth century witness the building of a national literature and poetry (Sándor Petöfi, Jánös Arany) inspired from folk Hungarian traditions. [...]
[...] He invited many artists from Italy and transformed the architectures of the castles of Buda and Visegrád whose reputation went over the frontiers of the prosperous Hungarian kingdom. Matthias Corvinius was a refined man; he had passion for books and manuscripts. He built the famous Corvina Library which contains about 500 codices. Furthermore, he transformed the Royal court into a cultural center where the humanists, scholars, historians, poets could meet, write their masterpieces or share their ideas. The literary heritage is considerable regarding the texts of Janus Pannonius who developed the humanistic literature. [...]
[...] During the Middle-Ages, the Hungarian started creating their own national culture at the cross-roads of two heritages: traditions from the archaic and heathen cultures of the Eurasian steppes and the Christian Western culture. For instance, the Christian songs are composed by Latin liturgy and substituted later by Hungarian hymn. By the end of the Middle-Ages, there was the development of the art of gesture's songs named regös. Nevertheless, the Mongolian invasion of 1241-1242 left the country in shambles. Thanks to the contribution and the energy of brave kings such as Charles Robert Ier (1341-1342), the country has been rebuilt. [...]
[...] The Hungarian were transformed into a real and centralised state after the conversation of two kings to the Christianity; Géza (the grandson of Árpád) in 975 and his son István. Based on the model of other European state, Hungary becomes a Christian state. II- The mutual effects and the cultural influences Considered as the founder of the modern Hungarian state, István has opened his country to the influence of the Christian occident and Roman Christianity. The relatively peaceful conversion to Christianity has made lots of changes in the daily life of Magyars. [...]
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