Blocking websites, China, control, and consequences
China has an internet connection that is censored. Internet censoring is done by the use of the Great Firewall of China. This is considered as the greatest, most extensive and advanced internet censorship in the whole world. There are several reasons why China censors content. Mostly it is because it criticizes the Chinese Government, or it contradicts the policy of the Communist Party. China does not just block personal websites, there are techniques that it applies to scan the URLs and web page content for keywords that are blacklisted such as Tiananmen and block those traffics (Yang et al. 132).
Through China blocking the foreign networking sites like Twitter and forcing its citizens to make use of alternative sites like Sina Weibo, China is able to take control of the social-networking sites, getting the ability to censor post on those locations. China also employs individuals who are paid to post information that favors the Communist Party on the internet, in an attempt of swaying the opinion of the public. The great Firewall is not perfect as it is not able to hold back all information as required and censor everything, even though China is trying (Lee 119). Even though the Great Firewall is not, perfect China should continue to edit content and blocking foreign websites since apart from the political benefits there are also economic benefits.
[...] Even official websites such as the people's Daily favorite BBS, Strong Notion Forum have BBS (Harwit and Duncan 34). Together with chat rooms, e-mail listservs, instant message service, wireless short text messaging and upcoming web blogging community, the BBS offers opportunities that are unprecedented to the Chinese citizens to take part in public affairs (Jiang 128). Over 300,000 people in China have begun their weblogs, which cover topics from personal anecdotes to commentary on current issues. Journalists are also creating their own blogs which are blurring the division in traditional and internet media. [...]
[...] By October 2005, there was an implementation of the system of real names across most of China BBS resulting to a stir among the citizens and netizens. Conclusion Chinese government uses two key ways of controlling the internet. One is the Great Firewall, which is a system that limits the access to foreign websites that was launched in the 1990s and the other is the Golden Shield, which is a system of local surveillance that was set up by the Ministry. Different departments of the government together with the local and the provincial administrations also do possess their own systems for monitoring the internet. [...]
[...] All talk sites, bulletin sites, news sites and their users are being investigated. Two, there are repressive actions that are conducted by the government. The internet police work as a team to fight the internet crime and their behaviors that are illegal that have been established in several provinces. Third, there has been regulation of the internet by implementing government sites. In as early as the 1996, there were China controlled websites like the China Wide Web that was launched the China Internet Company. [...]
[...] Chiu, Sharon, Jiarong Xiong, Qinghua Liang, and John Culkin. Behind the Great Firewall Jensen, Lionel and Timothy B. Weston. China's Transformations: The Stories Beyond the Headlines. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Print. Yu, Yanmin. "China's Transformations: the Stories Beyond the Headlines by Jensen and Weston (eds.)." Journal of Chinese Political Science (2009): 413-414. Print. [...]
[...] In the same way, there are some online writers who have a professional reputation, and now they are working in the professional media. It is thus clear that the power of the internet and its interplay with the typical media is building a public opinion in china (Jiang 128). There is a significant presence on the web of the lawyers, professors, journalists and writers who are independent and concerned with the public policy and social issues. Although it can be hard for these intellectuals to publish in the typical media, they can write and publish on the internet and thus they are the opinion leaders in the virtual space (Zhou 122). [...]
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