Core values, International Relations, Saudi Arabian, National Constitution
The Saudi Arabian national Constitution and concept of rule of law is based on the Qur'an, which identifies itself as the rule of law. The 1992 Constitution or the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia clearly states that the kingdom is a sovereign State with Islam as the religion of the nation. It is administered by laws contained in the Quran (God's Book) and the ways of life (Sunnah) of His Prophet Muhammad as the state's constitution. Thus, the government derives its executive powers from the Holy Koran and the tradition of Prophet Muhammed. The Basic Law contains all the rights and obligations of the executive, judiciary, and the regulatory authority. Nevertheless, the King is above the aforementioned branches of government and their authority. Hence, the state does not provide for the doctrine of separation of powers (House 2012). The essay explores why the concept of core values' in international relations is not being applied in its spirit in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The basic concepts of human values as applied to peaceful existence of international society include security, freedom, order, justice, and welfare. These social values are so fundamental to human wellbeing that they must be jealously guarded or guaranteed in one way, or another. Below are broadly described and placed in the Saudi Arabian context.
[...] Ignatieff, M. (2002). Is the human rights era ending?. New York Times A25. Joseph, S. (Ed.) Gender and citizenship in the Middle East. Syracuse University Press. Lippman, T. W., & Council on Foreign Relations Saudi Arabia: The uncertain future of an American ally. Washington, D.C: Potomac Books. Naim, A. A. [...]
[...] The country has no penal code; so prosecutors and judges have wide prerogatives of choosing what constitutes a crime and the corresponding punishment. Anyone can be arrested and detained including children. There are no rights of accused persons as they are tortured while in detention to force them to confess to crimes. After being found guilty they may be sent to hundreds of lashes, long prison sentences, amputation of limbs or execution. Women and children of puberty age are not exempted from execution. The more than eight million foreign workers are not recognised by the labour laws of the nation. [...]
[...] Conclusion In this essay, the core values of international relations have been discussed as they are being applied in Saudi Arabia. The main values have been analyzed each at a time and their adherence to by the Saudi ruling class. The state thrives by strict obedience of Islamic Law by it citizens and hence denial of basic freedoms to them. Dissent is quickly quashed, and the dissenters swiftly detained. Lastly, the lack of implementation of the core values continues to anger the young generation, and it is an issue of waiting before the state unravels. [...]
[...] However, there are some criminal elements that try to destabilize or threaten national security. Thus, it has invested heavily in establishing training institutions for training security officers and increase the human and technical ability of the department. Citizens have also been provided with technological equipments that help them to detect crime and quickly report to nearby police stations for quick apprehension of the law breakers. The investigation and prosecution bodies affiliated to the Interior department assist the judiciary to gather and evaluate all available evidence pertaining to a crime. [...]
[...] The government is concerned about the increasing unemployment rate which currently stands at 12%. The labour force is occupied by only 40% of adults and most unemployed youths rely on relatives for financial support. Other resources have been invested in improving the infrastructure, building of schools and hospitals and easing the accessibility of electric power, food and water. Saudi Arabia has over the years intervened internationally to assist poor countries shore up their economies such as Bahrain, Jordan, Yemen, and Oman. [...]
using our reader.