Various definitions exist that describe sanitation, but according to Castro & Heller, (2012, pp34), sanitation refers to the process of keeping hygienic condition within our surrounding all the time. In the presence of poor sanitation, our healths are in danger due to various negative effects it has to our health and the surrounding. Therefore, such places like water collection points, toilets, kitchen, and disposal of other waste products should remain clean for us to have good health. In order to maintain cleanliness, we should make sure that we practice proper hygienic every day. For instance, people should make sure that they wash their hands before taking any meal and practicing proper management within our environment. Consequently, these causes of poor sanitation should be eradicated in order to prevent various diseases that exist as a result of poor sanitation management.
One of the countries in the Middle East that are affected by poor water sanitation management is Saudi Arabia. The existence of poor water sanitation in the region is as a result of various causes and has many effects to the people and the environment as well. Due to its effects to the people in the region, Saudi Arabia, solutions need to be established to reduce causes of the problem. Therefore, this research paper focuses on the causes, effects on poor water sanitation management. Moreover, the document will focus on the political stability of the country and there effects on various businesses.
[...] Therefore, some of the dirty water in the region that should flow to other places away from the people remains stagnant causing various diseases to people who may lack water because they will use such water for domestic purposes. Search of Batter Means of Living in the Urban Centers As a result of poor sanitation, lack of employment, lack of water and other basic needs, and the pressure to provide for the family in the rural, it forces most of the people from the rural set up to move to the cities in search of employment. Due to these rural-urban migrations, it results to high population increase in the urban centers (Barbier pp121). [...]
[...] Furthermore, government should come up with proper strategies that provide proper teaching in population control in order to reduce high rate of birth rates. Through these controls, they will be able to provide proverb services. Lastly, it is important for the government and other concerned bodies to provide proper reclamation water facilities that would help in collecting and distribution of water to the people. References: Al-Ghamdi, Mansour, A., Bentham Graham., Hunter, Paul, R. “Environmental Risks Factors for Diarrhea among Male Schoolchildren in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Water and Health. 7(3). [...]
[...] Although the place is good for running business, there are some of the political risks that must be considered in order to operate in Saudi Arabia (Unesco 74). Some of these political risks include lack of transparency in the market, for instance, in Saudi Arabia; there is rapid fluctuation of the prices of goods and services provided depending on the demand of the market. Another political risk that needs to be considered before doing business in the region is the presence of corruption in the region. [...]
[...] Poverty is another factor that needs to be looked at in the process of developing water reclamation points in the region. Because most of the target groups are poor, the process and the cost of providing water to the people should be cheap in cost and be at strategic places where these people can have easy access. Poor drainage is another factor that should be considered in the development of these reclamations water points. According to the situation in Saudi Arabia, the country is mostly affected by poor development in various areas such as water and sewage lines (Al-Ghamdi & Bentham pp387). [...]
[...] Most of the activities, from domestic chores to the industrial sector require water to operate. Therefore, in the absence of water, the public are unable to maintain high standard of cleanliness, as a result, it cause poor sanitation in the region. Solutions to the Problems of Poor Sanitation in Saudi Arabia Due to many effects that are realized through the presences of poor water sanitation in the region, there are many ways into which the problem can be solved. These methods depend on the efforts applied by the government and people of Saudi Arabia. [...]
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