John C. Calhoun and George Fitzhugh - Race, sectionalism, and gender in America
John C. Calhoun and George Fitzhugh had very little in common especially regarding where they came from; Calhoun was a leading statesman in the south and managed to reach the helm of the senate and vice presidency while Fitzhugh was a lawyer. They, however, shared the same views about slavery. They both were against the North's individualism and industrialism while arguing that the south's system was superior to that of the North since it gave the community safety net.
Calhoun viewed the community as preceding the state. To him, the south was a collection of communities stating that the southern states are an aggregate of communities; each plantation is a little community with a master at the helm who interests himself with capital and labor. In the emerging conflicts between labor and capital in America; Calhoun's view was that disputes would be reduced if the community is preserved as the basis of society.
George Fitzhugh was first to give a positive description of slavery saying, in sociology for the south, that the slave benefited from slavery as they were provided with food and shelter. He went on to say that free laborers in the North were treated just like slaves.
[...] T. Hunter . Life of John C. Calhoun presenting a condensed history of political events from 1811 to 1843. New York: Harper & Bros. http://www.gale.com/ModernLaw/.(1843) McPherson, James M. Battle cry of freedom: the Civil War era. New York: Oxford University Press.(1988) Gutjahr, Paul C. Popular American literature of the 19th century. New York: Oxford University Press. (2001) American literary realism. Champaign: University of Illinois Press. [...]
[...] Race, sectionalism, and gender in America Introduction In the early 1800s slavery had become a sectional issue; it had contributed to the division of the country along regional lines. The south was in support of slavery while the North was against it. Sectionalism by definition is loyalty to a particular region of the country and not the country as a whole . It was so serious in the United States that it led to the civil war. The civil war started after the abolitionist movements that aimed at ending slave trade and setting African slaves free. [...]
[...] Another myth is the belief that African Americans fought for the confederacy; this is false, confederate policy disallowed black men from being soldiers until march1865 and by then, the war was over. In addition to that, another myth is that slavery was on the verge of ending anyway, this is hardly the case. In 1860, the south produced 75 percent of all United States exports. Slaves were worth more than all manufacturing companies. Unpaid labor made for bigger profits, and the southern elite was growing richer. [...]
[...] http://www.gale.com/ModernLaw/.(1843) Gutjahr, Paul C. Popular American literature of the 19th century. New York: Oxford University Press. (2001) Jordan, Robert Paul. The Civil War. [Washington]: National Geographic Society. (1969) McPherson, James M. Battle cry of freedom: the Civil War era. New York: Oxford University Press.(1988) Bottom of Form Jordan, Robert Paul. The Civil War. [Washington]: National Geographic Society. (1969) Calhoun, John C., and R. M. [...]
[...] At the end of the century, women authors had expanded their subject matter and increasingly expressed their individualism and demanded equal partnerships in marriage, public life and politics with their male counterparts. Literary Realism Realism became a dominant literary trend in the post-civil war period. American realism emerged as a reaction to the vast political, social and economic changes that took place in American culture after the civil war . The subject of realism was contemporary, ordinary and middle class. [...]
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