Language instructors - Reading Strategies - Waters & Schneider
Language instructors are usually aggravated by the fact that learners do not transfer the strategies they employ when reading in their native language to reading in the language ,they are learning. In its place, they seem to view reading as starting in the beginning and reading word by word only stopping to look up every unfamiliar vocabulary item in anticipation of the end. When this strategy is applied, the students are applying a bottom up approach to learning.
The critical role of the language instructor is to assist the learners move past this concept and use top down strategies as they do in their native language. Efficient instructors show learners how they can adjust their reading manners to deal with varying situations, types of input and reading purposes (Waters & Schneider, 2009, p. 19). It is their role to help the learners develop reading strategies and match appropriate strategies to every reading situation.
[...] The use of reading strategies in the learning process is vital at every level of the language acquisition process. Every student learning a second language has encountered an array of challenges especially in reading which consequently impedes upon their ability properly to learn the foreign language. This in turn lays emphasis on the need for language instructors to device reading strategy and modeling them to suit the students' abilities in order to make the learning process easy and more adaptable to the learners. [...]
[...] Why are reading strategies important in the learning process? Students learning a second language encounter several challenges reading as compared to when they are reading in their native language. In the learning process, students are required to read through large amounts of texts and understand the material; however, most students employ different strategies when reading in both their native language and the second language they are learning. According to Anderson, Reading strategies include any wide range of plans that readers use to engage in and comprehend text. [...]
[...] This instructional method is important in helping students develop flexibility in their choice of strategies. When language learners employ reading strategies, it occurs to them that they can be in charge of the reading experience, and they gain confidence in their ability to read the language. Reading is an indispensable part of language instruction since it supports learning in several ways; reading to learn the language- reading material is language input. By giving students a range of material to read, instructors provide a variety of opportunities for students to absorb vocabulary, grammar, and sentence and dialogue structure as they occur in authentic contexts. [...]
[...] The scholars identify interest in students and change strategies as being essential to teaching language. It was observed that when students were asked to retell a story, students often focused on the minutiae of the story instead of the main idea hence a loss in the meaning of the story. It is with this observation that the researchers sought to the approach of teaching metacognitive strategies to language learners in the anticipation of improving oral reading understanding. Throughout the research, it was observed that guided reading experiences offer a powerful context for beginning reading instruction (Aebersold p.47). [...]
[...] Every language instructor should ,therefore, ensure reading strategies are employed in the teaching process and to keep the learning process engaging in order to develop a holistic language development environment for student where the focus is not only on the ability to read, but also in the development of confidence among students to communicate in the language while developing comprehension. References Aebersold, J. A. (1997). From reader to reading teacher: Issues and strategies for second language classrooms. Cambridge ; Cambridge University Press, : Cambridge University Press. Johns, J. L., & Lenski, S. D. (2001). Improving reading: Strategies and resources. Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt. [...]
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