Through an extensive review of related literature, the present study intended to investigate the sociological aspects of the globalization of soccer in the United States. The key findings are as follows: 1) poorer countries suffer from leg drain over the richest soccer clubs, including those of the US, indicating the imperative for an international authority to implement non-commercial rules and help address the harshness of those which are exclusively for commercial purposes; 2) the seeming lack of enthusiasm in the sport has also been taken to mean as apathy or indifference interpreted in parallel with the US' approach to pressing modern-day issues; and 3) the globalization of soccer has been presented as a reflection of interdependency and unity among audiences, and among nations.
[...] The present study intends to assess the sociological aspects of the globalization of soccer in the United States by discussing its implications on poorer countries, parallelisms of the game to other issues of the day, and its ability to promote unity and cross-cultural interaction. Context to the Study The contemporary issues of increasing returns to scale, the transfer of technology, and endogenous skills have received considerable attention from growth literature. The objective is to demonstrate how some neo-classical violations might cause the focus of both capital and labor in the most progressive regions of the globe, or the most developed portions of the country (Coleman, 2004; Easterly, 2001). [...]
[...] “World Cup Soccer: the globalization of soccer.” Retrieved on November from http://wais.stanford.edu/Sports/sports_wcsglobalizationofsoccer62402.htm l Holtzberry, K. (2004). soccer explains the world: Europeans should play baseball.” Retrieved on November from the National Review On-line Milanovic, B. (2001). “Globalization and goals: does soccer show the Retrieved on November from http://ideas.repec.org/p/wpa/wuwpla/0312001.html Murray, B. (1998). world's game: a history of soccer.” Urbana and Chicago: University of History Press. Ramsay, C. (2005). “It's not just a game.” Retrieved on November from http://www.jewishbulletin.ca/archives/Sept05/archives05Sept30-16.html Root, L. (2005). Globalization's challenge: four more voices join the discussion. [...]
[...] The ‘trade balance' of the United States in the globalization of sports seems to be a draw. The US has not exported either baseball or American football very well. In addition, NFL Europe has performed quite acceptably, while Canadian football remains to be but an interesting phenomenon. The US, on the other hand, has made a significant mark in ice hockey, because there are now numerous American-born players, whereas this cannot be said thirty years ago. While this sport is popular in several cold-weather nations, it is hardly a US export. [...]
[...] Another implication of the globalization of soccer is the fact that it has began to progressively take root in the United States, and yet the seeming lack of enthusiasm in the sport has also been taken to mean as apathy or indifference interpreted in parallel with the US' approach to pressing modern-day issues such as global warming. Moreover, soccer has also been utilized to analyze the flow of capital around the world. Finally, the globalization of soccer has been presented as a reflection of interdependency and unity among audiences, and among nations. [...]
[...] Extremism offers an excitement that moderation cannot afford." Perhaps, the most apparent way in which the growing interdependency of nations is reflected in soccer is the players. "You could see globalization on the pitch. During the nineties, Basque teams, under the stewardship of Welsh coaches, stocked up on Dutch and Turkish players; Moldavian squads imported Nigerians. Everywhere you looked, it suddenly seemed, national borders and national identities had been swept into the dustbin of soccer history (Foer in Harvey, 2005)." Fédération Internationale de Football Association is widely acknowledged as the "United Nations" of the soccer world, and has one of the largest global memberships internationally (Conolly, 2005). [...]
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