American sports have evolved from the simple folk games and premodern pastimes of the colonial era to the highly complex, commercial spectacles of the early twenty-first century. (For the purposes of this essay sports are defined as competitive athletic games that demand a significant degree of physical activity.) Many factors shaped the development of sports in colonial British America and in the United States. Among the most significant were industrialization, urbanization, and ideological and cultural trends, especially those involving religion, social class, ethnicity, race, and gender.
During the Colonial Era the English, Dutch, and other European settlers who established the thirteen colonies that became the United States brought with them premoder pastimes and folk games that had been popular amusements in the Old World for centuries. These included early version of cricket, baseball, golf, football, and bowling, and also foot racing and pitching quoits (similar to tossing horseshoes). Combat sports such as wrestling, boxing, and cudgeling (fighting with sticks), and animal and blood sports – especially bull baiting and cockfighting – also enjoyed great favor.
[...] 1.3 Bodybuilding Organizations Even if bodybuilding is a pretty young sport there is plenty of organizations all around the world and even in U.S. First of all it has to be mentioned about the largest bodybuilding federation in the world, with over 150 countries participating this is International Federation of Bodybuilders (IFBB). Now, at the beginning of a new millennium, the IFBB is 56 years young, with 173 National Federations worldwide and its future growth and development never brighter. This federation was created by Weider twins: Joe Weider, “Trainer of Champions” since 1936 and IFBB Patron and his brother Ben Weider, C.M., C.Q., SBStJ, Ph.D., IFBB President he was also nominated for the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize, recognized for promotion of peace through sport formed the International Federation of Bodybuilders in 1946. [...]
[...] The greatest part of the athletes count this sport as a pure American sport, American as Apple Pie and California is the home of serious pullers. But as it turned out in the early 90's the Russian had something to say about that Dave Devoto thinks that this fact will make the American to work harder competition truly breeds Champions. 4.2 Figure Figure is a new branch of women's bodybuilding having as an aim to create a beautiful body by means of weights and aerobic workouts. [...]
[...] Not a single aspect of their bodies was missed by the judges as they carefully inspected the men, scrupulously looking for strengths and weaknesses. At last three winners were selected. The bronze statue for third place went to A.C. Smythe of Middlesex, the silver statue for second place went to D. Cooper of Birmingham, and the solid gold statue for the best developed man in Great Britain and Ireland went to William L. Murray of Nottingham. Sandow had done the seemingly impossible. He had made bodybuilding - a sport in its infancy - a center of public interest. [...]
[...] Chapter One: Bodybuilding within the American Sport 1.1 The Notion of Bodybuilding body building also spelled Bodybuilding, a regiment of exercises designed to enhance the human body's muscular development. As a competitive activity, bodybuilding aims at displaying pronounced muscle tone and exaggerated muscle mass and definition for overall aesthetic effect. Barbells and dumbbels and other devices are used in the exercises. For the use of similiar exercises for sport training. Why do I call the bodybuilding American sport and not English one, the country in which it appeared? [...]
[...] At the end as in bodybuilding and fitness competitors are onstage in high heels in a straight line facing the judges. They execute a series of quarter turns to the right allowing the judges to view and compare them from front, left side, back and right side. 4.3 Fitness Fitness is a branch of bodybuilding, of course, but of women's one. At the begginig there existed women's bodybuilding as it still exists but they were getting less and less popular consequently a new kind of sport, similar to some extend to women's bodybuilding, occurred. [...]
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