The major goal of any sports coach is to maximise the potential of the individuals or performers. This unit helps you learn the roles, skills and qualities of a successful sports coach and the knowledge and responsibilities of a sports coach are covered.
Historically sport coaching has progressed as a position in parallel to the growth of competitive and professional sports. Coaches are mostly driven through need for achievement because their effectiveness will be assessed largely through results. Most sport coaches in the UK are unpaid and voluntary and consequently their employment status is low.
The coach must adopt the role of strategy maker. New and creative strategies may lead to innovation to individual and team performance. coaches often find that performers trust them and close relationships form, which can develop into friendship. There are problems associated with this as far as objectivity and ethics are concerned, a coach must be careful to develop appropriate relationships and both teachers and coaches have found that sometimes familiarity can breed contempt.
[...] Sports psychology: Basic goal setting principles to include SMART, type and definition of goal setting. Basic motivational principles to include what motivates people to exercise and the difference in motivating children and adults. The principles of anxiety and arousal including definitions of anxiety and arousal, sign of anxiety and arousal, anxiety and arousal management. The difference between novice, intermediate and advanced performance of skills. Physiology: The principles of warming up and cooling down. Fitness components strength, speed, flexibility, power, agility and muscular endurance. [...]
[...] The passing should be short and sharp passing with bursts of speed into space to receive another pass, this is all done in a small space. Progression Increase grid size. This will mean accuracy of passing will have to improve over a greater distance, movement to be done at match pace. For 10 minutes with rest after 5 minutes. Then activity will be changed. The group of still staying in there own grids, but split into two parts 3 attackers and 2 defenders Objective To keep the ball, need to use movement well here, to get into better positions to receive passes. [...]
[...] Coaching techniques Depending on the situation, the coach should be able to incorporate a range of combinations of the following methods: Whole, part, whole This is the technique of coaching a complete skill splitting it up into parts and then teaching it whole again. Shaping This is a technique in which reward or praise is given when the performer's behavior/technique is correct. This reinforces the right technique, which is more likely to be repeated. The coach is therefore ‘shaping' behavior. [...]
[...] Preparation of activities for the session Select activities and coaching styles that will motivate the participants to participate fully. Make sure that activities will enable all the different goals to be achieved. Plan realistic timings, sequence, intensity and duration of the activities. Strike and effective balance of coaching styles. Obtain the resources you need for the session. Delivery of the session The coach should meet the participants punctually and make them feel welcome and at ease. The coach must then explain and agree the goals with the participants, making sure of their level of experience, ability and physical readiness to participate effectively and safely. [...]
[...] Through preparations based on the participants needs is essential for the success of any coaching session. Coaches must also take account of guidelines from national governing bodies and their own experience when planning and preparing sessions. Coaches should take the following into consideration: Including needs such as special/medical needs and potential of the people taking part. Specific goals the participants should achieve. Coaching activities that will help them achieve these goals. Available equipment and facilities. Health and safety hazards and risks. [...]
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