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Presentations in humanities/philosophy 181 to 200

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02 Oct 2007
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Sufi Love: Submission to the Beautiful

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The practical and esoteric dimensions of Islam intertwine in the Sufi tradition to forge a non-dual relationship between the worshipper and God. Sufis augment their adherence to the Q'uranic doctrine of submission to God (Islam) with a passionate love for “doing the beautiful”...

02 Oct 2007
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A Discussion of Panpsychism: The Metaphysics of Consciousness

Essay - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Panpsychism describes a world in which “everything has a mind (Chalmers 298),” and everything- animal, botanical, even mineral- is conscious. In order to determine whether or not all things are indeed conscious, two problems must be addressed. A definition of what it means to be...

02 Oct 2007
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Personal and Societal Alchemy in Early Daoist Scriptures

Essay - 5 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The principle of interconnectedness pervades the worldviews of the Daoist and Buddhist religions originating from India and China. It is fitting that the traditions themselves are historically and textually interconnected in a way that finds traditions intermingling by borrowing teachings and...

02 Oct 2007
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Ideology and War: Pacifism and Eschatological Militarism in Foreign Policy

Essay - 9 pages - Humanities/philosophy

War is a situation that embodies the principle of duality: one side is pitted against another in an “an act of violence intended to compel an opponent to fulfill our will .” That will, whatever it may be, “has its root in a political object ” that is determined within...

02 Oct 2007
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The Daode Jing: Manual for Cosmic Living

Essay - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The Daode Jing is a manual, attributed to Laozi, suggesting that non-action (wu-wei) is a way by which one may exist in accord with the cosmic principle of Dao and thus ensure a virtuous self and society. By cultivating the individual body, the Daoist sage in turn cultivates the social body. This...

02 Oct 2007
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A Timeless Debate

Essay - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

At a lecture given at our own Stony Brook University, Michael Ratner asserts that “Justice is losing its power” . What Michael Ratner, the defending lawyer for many prisoners being held at Guantanamo Bay, means by this daring statement is that America is losing sight of its...

02 Oct 2007
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A Question of Filial Piety

Essay - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Should we publicly accuse our own parents of a crime, which will undoubtedly result in their punishment? This age old question has been debated for millennia throughout the world with varied and countless legitimate arguments swaying people's opinions from one side to the other. It is unclear if...

30 Aug 2007
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Ego Trips and Empathy Falls

Essay - 5 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Although both drastically different in philosophy, Surrealism and Russian Futurism failed to endure, but in similar ways. Surrealism, as defined by Andre Breton, is grounded in past philosophies while Mayakovsky's Russian futurism floats somewhere in an intangible future. Breton often channels...

30 Aug 2007
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My Apologies

Essay - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

At first it seems daunting, attempting to fill four to six pages with insight pertaining to just one topic: apologies. However, as I reflect, I realize the true difficult task proves summing up the entire universe a single apology unlocks into a paper. Thomas Scheff begins his...

30 Aug 2007
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God: Creator or Created?

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Ever since the Renaissance movement, when the question was finally free of its taboo status, there has been widespread and public debate among philosophers, theologians, and scientists as to the existence of God. With the exception of theologians, the debate has been internal as well as external,...

04 Jun 2007
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Is Cohen More "Jewish" Than Dylan - or vice versa? Why or Why Not?

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

During the sixties, which came along with the Civil Rights movement, the diverse ethnic whites in the United States displayed an increase willingness to emphasize their distinct identity. Leonard Cohen and Robert Allen Zimmerman, alias Bob Dylan, were two major musical figures of this era. Both...

04 Jun 2007
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Essays on Jewish Culture

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

This paper includes two essays: -A Jewish-Christian Symbiosis: The Culture of Early Ashkenaz, Ivan G. Marcus : Ashkenazic Jews living in Northern and Eastern Europe differ from Sephardic Jews from Southern Europe in their respective relationships with...

10 May 2007
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Unger's Views on Skepticism and Certainty

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Peter Unger applies a unique approach to skepticism. In his essay, “An Argument for Skepticism”, he endorses the concept by insisting that if one is not a skeptic, he/she must be (more or less) dogmatic. The way in which he supports this is by attempting to prove that...

03 May 2007
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A Defense of the Capabilities Approach

Essay - 8 pages - Humanities/philosophy

There is no country in the world where women are treated equally to men. Women are consistently fed less than men, given fewer educational opportunities, and fewer freedoms. Situations in developing countries are often more overtly detrimental to women, for example in India, it is...

11 Apr 2007
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What are the differences between Locke's and Hobbes' notions of the "state of nature"?

Essay - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are probably the most famous political thinkers of the 17th century. The generally accepted view asserts that these authors stood poles apart, the first one advocating an absolutist regime and the latter recommending a stable civil society where powers are separated....

05 Apr 2007
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How (if at all) do you know that you are not a brain in a vat?

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Our whole life (attitudes, reactions, actions) is based on knowledge. Depending on our present state of knowledge, we are going to react to different situations in different ways, give different answers to different questions. To do that however, one has to know something. Even though we do not...

17 Oct 2006
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Swinging London - 1963-1967

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The Sixties are usually seen as a period of joy and optimism, especially in England, where they take place between two tougher periods of British history. The Fifties had indeed been quite difficult in the United Kingdom, socially and economically speaking. And during the Seventies, many problems...

25 Jul 2006
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Does multiculturalism undermine the universal conceptions of justice?

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The Greek philosopher Plato believed that there was a parallel world: the world of Ideas . This world represented the true knowledge with the help of concepts, the Ideas. Each Idea corresponded to something that existed in the world that we experienced: the world of senses. There was the...

24 Jul 2006
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Does History "stop", "start", and "accelerate"?

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The fall of the Berlin wall symbolised the end of communism, and the victory of liberal democracy. The suddenness with which the soviet empire collapsed, without any resistance, authorised the idea that democracy was going to triumph all over the globe. Fukuyama exposed in a very controversial...

13 Apr 2006
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What exactly is the difference between act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism? Can rule-utilitarianism succeed where act-utilitarianism fails?

Essay - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

According to the meaning we give to ‘actions', we get two different theories under Utilitarianism. And there is a great debate between those two schools of utilitarianism about how exactly the individual utilitarian should make their moral decisions. The choice for the individual is...