For a culmination of years, scholars have argued the use of policing and other security strategies as risk management strategies to solve complex social criminality. Criminality is such a complex subject that governance have turned to producing risk management strategies that do not fix the problem but provide a way for risk to be managed. Risk management strategies are composed of two key components as followed: (1) the political spectacle (of methods such as policing), and (2) the construction and targeting of a suspect class. Risk is defined as a situation involving exposure to danger. In order to decrease of risk institutions of governance create agents or units of risk that can be managed because it is much harder to get rid of agents of social risk. By creating something that can be managed they are ultimately controlling the instance of risk.
The political spectacle is the politicized and publicized targeted policing in media and validated statistical evidence available to the public. The construction of the suspect class is also the criminalization of the targeted population. The war on drugs is a risk management strategy that, rather than stopping the drug trade, overwhelmingly incarcerates and criminalizes African Americans. As a risk management strategy the war on drugs has been a primary agent in politicizing the targeted policing of African Americans and contributed to the construction of African Americans as a suspect class.
[...] 41, No. 3 (Sep., 2008), pp. 221-243. 2. Mark Harrison Moore. Problem-Solving and Community Policing. Crime and Justice. Vol. 15, Modern Policing (1992), pp. 99-158. Published by: The University of Chicago Press 3. John J. Dilulio Jr.. The Next War on Drugs: Targeting the Inner Cities. The Brookings Review. Vol. 11, No. 3 (Summer, 1993), pp. 28-33. Published by: The Brookings Institution 4. Mark H. Moore. Drugs, the Criminal Law, and the Administration of Justice The Milbank Quarterly. Vol. 69, No. [...]
[...] amongst the public. It was not until the 1970s and 80s that law enforcement began to target drug dealers solely, as opposed to traffickers and pushers in the 60s. The primary reason for this shift was the belief that these new efforts would decrease the supply and increase the price of these drugs (Moore 1991; p. 544). These drug wars that were combatted by law enforcement began in the Nixon administration and was later followed by Reagan then Bush. More and more money is being spent on law enforcement to control the supply of drugs in the U.S. [...]
[...] Review: Drug Wars and Wonder Drugs. David Herzberg. Reviewed work(s): Drug Wars: The Political Economy of Narcotics by Curtis Marez. Prozac on the Couch: Prescribing Gender in the Era of Wonder Drugs by Jonathan Michel Metzl. American Quarterly. Vol. 57, No. 4 (Dec., 2005), pp. 1231- 1241. Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press 7. Beyond Profiling: Race, Policing, and the Drug War. R. Richard Banks. Stanford Law Review. Vol. 56, No. 3 (Dec., 2003), pp. 571-603. Published by: Stanford Law Review 8. [...]
[...] 11, Part Special Issue: Risk Based Methods for Supply Chain Planning and Management (Nov., 2007), pp. 1398-1411. 12. "War On Drugs" Continues In United States Under New Leadership. D. M. Gorman BMJ: British Medical Journal . Vol. 307, No. 6900 (Aug. 7, 1993), pp. 369- 371. Published by: BMJ Publishing Group. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/29720648 13. Drugs. Ethan Nadelmann. Foreign Policy. No. 162 (Sep. - Oct., 2007), pp. 24-26, 28, 30. Published by: Washingtonpost.Newsweek Interactive, LLC. 15. Setting the Public Agenda: "Street Crime" and Drug Use in American Politics. Katherine Beckett. Social Problems. Vol. 41, No. [...]
[...] Risk is defined as a situation involving exposure to danger. In order to decrease of risk institutions of governance create agents or units of “risk” that can be managed because it is much harder to get rid of agents of social “risk.” By creating something that can be managed they are ultimately controlling the instance of “risk.” The political spectacle is the politicized and publicized targeted policing in media and validated statistical evidence available to the public. The construction of the suspect class is also the criminalization of the targeted population. [...]
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