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29 Sep 2010

Is Rawls' version of "Reflective Equilibrium" a defensible method of theorizing about social justice?

Essay - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

When John Rawls publishes his Theory of Justice in 1971, he was the first to use the expression "reflective equilibrium" (RE). Even if this kind of idea had been employed before by Nelson Goodman (Goodman, 1955), Rawls employs it as his method, to build a complete theory of justice and sort out...

29 Sep 2010

Swinging London - 1963-1967 - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The sixties were usually referred to as a period of joy and optimism, especially in England, as it was a span of time between two tougher periods in British history. Socially and economically speaking, the fifties was characterized as a period of severe struggle in the United Kingdom. The...

29 Sep 2010

Does multiculturalism undermine the universal conceptions of justice? - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The Greek philosopher Plato believed in the existence of a parallel world which he called the world of Ideas. This world represented true knowledge with the help of concepts called ?the Ideas'. Each Idea corresponded to something that existed in the world that we experienced, also called ?the...

29 Sep 2010

Assess the claim that Utilitarianism fails to take sufficient account of the moral significance of our relations to others

Essay - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

A comparison of how people used to live when they were still cave-inhabitants, with current living conditions that provide an organized society, with concepts such as justice, respect, tolerance and morality, we can feel justifiably proud of the progress we have made. Mankind has progressed so...

29 Sep 2010

John Rawls' Theory of Justice

Book review - 5 pages - Humanities/philosophy

In the Theory of Justice (1971), Rawls offered an alternative to utilitarianism that led to different conclusions about justice. He asserted that if people had to choose principles of justice from behind a "veil of ignorance" that restricted their understanding of their own position in the...

29 Sep 2010

Adaptation of Henry V

Essay - 5 pages - Humanities/philosophy

By analyzing and studying the main themes (war, leadership, relationships between human being) developed in both the films (and the interpretation made by the two directors), we will see that, although adapted from the same play, the potrayal of Henry is quite different. In both versions of the...

25 Aug 2010

The criticism of religion: Marx

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Karl Marx was born on May 5, 1818. Both his uncle and grandfather were famous rabbis in their city. But in 1817, Marx's father converted to Protestantism. The reason behind this conversion was that there was actually a series of laws unveiled by the new King of Prussia (1816) which made the...

19 Aug 2010

Amish culture: Life, practices and religious beliefs

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Among the various minority religious groups in the world, the Amish society is a unique sect. The Amish group of people are widely prevalent in North America and specifically in the United States. They are spread over states such as Pennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana. This group is categorized as a...

19 Aug 2010

Origin and spread of Christianity

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

This document outlines the history of Christianity and how it was linked with Judaism in its early years and evolved subsequently as an independent religion. Although religious practice has tended to decline today, Christianity, as a religion came into existence in Palestine 2000 years ago and...

19 Aug 2010

The types of domination (Weber)

Thesis - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920), was the founder of "comprehensive" and explanatory sociology , which takes as its starting point, the social actions of individuals, in an attempt to elucidate the reasons. His study of Western society focuses on the rationalization of human...

19 Aug 2010

The city, by Max Weber

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Max Weber was a German sociologist, philosopher and economist. He was born in 1864 in Erfurt and died in 1920. His research focuses on the process of rationalization of modern societies in the Western world. In this context, he became interested in the development of capitalism (The Protestant...

19 Aug 2010

Islamism in the Middle East: The new face of nationalism

Thesis - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Islamism and nationalism are apparently contradictory terms. One suggests the existence of solidarity is based on religion and faith. In case of Islam it is the "community of believers," the "ummah" which refers to another part of the nation state. This is a recent concept which presupposes the...

19 Aug 2010

The investigation of human intention and mortal acquisition as related to virtue (Meno 77b3-78c)

Book review - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

A simple question posed by Meno to Socrates about virtue—“can virtue be taught”? (70a)—started an intense conversation about the definition of virtue and consequently, virtue's attributes. After concluding that the teachability of virtue would indeed be a characteristic, and...

18 Aug 2010

Islam in Morocco

Thesis - 8 pages - Humanities/philosophy

This religion arose in Arabia in the seventh century. They say that God revealed himself to Muhammad and inspired him to begin a new religion. His followers are called Muslims, that is to say "those who are obedient to God". Islam is also a community of believers who have tapped into this...

18 Aug 2010

The end of political Islam

Thesis - 5 pages - Humanities/philosophy

The twentieth century marked a turning point in the organization of Muslim societies. After the independence that marked the last century (Middle East, Central Asia), a revolutionary stream of Islam came into existence in Egypt and Pakistan leading to the development of utopian Islamism....

18 Aug 2010

Religion in the United States

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

In ‘The Will to Power', Nietzsche presents religion as an illusion which creates a psychological confusion. The religious man is viewed as a sick man who invents a personal explanation of the world around him. In the Critique of Hegel's philosophy of law Marx, opines that religion is a...

17 Aug 2010

Law, morality and religion

Thesis - 8 pages - Humanities/philosophy

On June 26, 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court declared the law prohibiting the practice of sodomy "with a person of the same sex" unconstitutional, in the State of Texas. This called into question the laws that ban hanging in 13 U.S. states and homosexual practices, even in a private setting. ...

17 Aug 2010

Globalized Islam: The Search for a New Ummah by Oliver Roy

Thesis - 6 pages - Humanities/philosophy

This document presents a review of the book Globalized Islam. The Search for a New Ummah written by Oliver Roy. With this book, Olivier Roy sums up the logical consequence of a long consideration of Islam and political modernity that had begun in 1985 in Afghanistan and continued with the...

17 Aug 2010

Postmodern perspective on Marlow

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

In the world of postmodernism, absolute truths such as grand theories and master narratives are non-existent (Irvine 03). Rather, the emphasis in postmodern literature is on the “spectacle of the brain and its workings” (Baudrillard 01), where reality is shaped indefinitely by the...

12 Aug 2010

Aquinas and Anselm - Arguments for the existence of God

Thesis - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Within the field of philosophy, more specifically, the philosophy of religion, many thinkers have employed theories (or proofs as they would say), arguing for the existence of God. One prominent theorist was Saint Anselm who sought to prove the existence of God through his ontological...

12 Aug 2010

An essay on Charles Hartshorne's mnemonic metaphysics

Thesis - 4 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Our ancestors of the ‘pre-philosophical' era - much too often called Ionian thinkers - engaged themselves in an admirable quest to make sense of everything that struck their awe. As a consequence, the concept of deity, as well as the supernatural forces attributed to nearly all types of...

12 Aug 2010

Philosophy of religion

Thesis - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

According to the Divine Command Theory, God is the ultimate source of morality; an action is obligatory if God commands it, permitted if it does not go against any of God's commands and wrong if it is inconsistent with that which God commands. God has infinite freedom and omnipotence to do...

12 Aug 2010

Locke's empiricism

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Empiricism is a branch of philosophy that is said to have emerged with the theories of John Locke in the 1600s. It is a theory of knowledge that argues knowledge comes from lived experience, and it is one of the many notions about how we come to understand aspects or things in the world....

11 Aug 2010

Socrates - Immortality of the soul

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

There are many philosophies of the soul presented in ancient philosophy. Among them was Socrates who gave an influential account of the immortality of the soul. In the Phaedo, Socrates offers four arguments for the soul's immortality. This essay will discuss which of these...

11 Aug 2010

Cheyette v. The State

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

In his article “The Invention of the State,” Fredric L. Cheyette argues that the in the eleventh and twelfth centuries medieval society allowed an organized, coercive “other” to evolve, courtesy of a small group of literate elite. His idea is that following the...

11 Aug 2010

Cultural anxiety of "the Modern" in Nietzsche and German expressionism

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

In his work analyzing early German film, Siegfried Kraucauer defines expressionism as “a shaping of primitive sensations and experiences” and supports this definition by suggesting that the early German film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari makes use of expressionist aesthetic in its...

11 Aug 2010

Reincarnation: The repression of past-life teachings political, not spiritual

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

Noting the resurrection of all in nature, reincarnation may remain at center stage: very prominent and well respected in the first 500 years of Christianity. In his "Confessions" even St. Augustine wonders about the viability of reincarnation. Emperor Constantine omitted the earliest references...

10 Aug 2010

Spectrum of consciousness: Time, eternity, space and infinity

Thesis - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

It has been established that Reality is a level of consciousness, and it is ultimately and inherently ungraspable and unthinkable by the human mind. In this chapter, Wilber discusses how consciousness is not contained by the human body or mind, but is Absolute Subjectivity, so termed...

09 Aug 2010

The make-up of a successful kingdom

Thesis - 3 pages - Humanities/philosophy

After reading St. Augustine's The City of God and Aristotle's The Nicomachean Ethics, it is clear that the formula for a successful kingdom is the same now as it was in the days of St. Augustine and Socrates. The City of God focuses on teamwork in order to bring success to a kingdom while The...

09 Aug 2010

One last blessing

Essay - 1 pages - Humanities/philosophy

You are a Roman merchant, walking down the dusty road from Jerusalem to Bethany. It's a warm morning in early spring; the summer sun hasn't yet begun to bake the land, and you would swear you could feel a breeze from the Mediterranean, even though it's nearly forty miles away. You...