Talking about Finland without mentioning the nature is like forgetting more than 188.000 sparkling lakes, putting away the dense forest and woodland areas fully covering 76 percent of the nation (27 in France), the lung and the pride of any Finnish. That's impossible! Whereas Finland was a rural country until the 50s, with more than 40% of the population earning their living from primary production; the 60s showed a radical change caused by the fastest rural depopulation among the western industrial countries. However, with slightly more than 5 million inhabitants, Finland remains a country with only 17 people per km² and a recent rural past. The verdant natural beauty of this scene with low plateaus, small hills and tiny islands dotting the resplendent landscape, is for the Finnish people part of their every day life. Because nature has always been placed high on the list of Finland's priorities, nature protection areas were established more than 60 years ago.
[...] The most common way to refresh the body after minutes of overheat is to swim in the frozen lake beside the sauna or to roll in the snow In summer time Finland in summer time takes advantage of long days and mildness. There are infrastructures to hike, trek and bicycle in the immense countryside. To relax, Finns go to the little cottage they have in the countryside. They camp, do some gardening, tan, have a barbecue with friends Cottages can be located in a peaceful area within the city limits. III. [...]
[...] Nature in the culture and the arts 1. Tales and epics Finnish Tales and epics are the most faithful representations of the landscape. These describe with sensitivity the surrounding universe. The most representative idea we can have is probably the Lord of the Rings. When J.R.R. Tolkien created his Middle Earth, Finnish culture and mythology had already been taking a big part in his mind. He was able to speak Finnish, as well as several old languages, and hence disposed to capture the whole atmosphere from the Kalevala, the national epic of Finland. [...]
[...] The verdant natural beauty of this scene with low plateaus, small hills and tiny islands dotting the resplendent landscape, is for the Finnish people part of their every day life. Because nature has always been placed high on the list of Finland's priorities, nature protection areas were established more than 60 years ago. Until our days, nature has always been a public space in the country. Thanks to this fact, berries are the property of everyone, as are mushrooms, fish and any plant you can find in the countryside. [...]
[...] Finland has been a pioneer in forest certification, with 95% of Finnish forests certified under the Finnish Forest Certification System. Furthermore of forest land is reserved for strictly protected forest, compared to 2 or in other European countries. This protection is principally located in the northern area, with for instance 51% of the Lapland forests. The forest industry in Finland includes the industries producing paper, board, pulp and wood products. Moreover, forest industry needs and includes many other sectors, such as forestry, packaging, printing, services (consulting and risk management), research and education, energy, logistics, automation and information technology, machinery and equipment, chemical industry and finally wood construction. [...]
[...] For the human being, the most common Finnish advice is to wear plenty of clothes, have a beard and long hair, a double pair of gloves, a thick hat, and alcohol in the pocket. b. Problems with the snow and ice on the road Like temperature, most of Finland is covered in snow during the whole winter. The 1st solution is to wake everybody up (mainly Erasmus students) quite early in the morning by shovelling the snow away with small or big tractors, and so even on pedestrian areas. [...]
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