This research will look at the political influence on organization decision making towards social responsibility. To do so, a combination of social and economic theories will be used. In chapter three, the political field and the political actors in this research will be discussed. Chapter four will describe how organizations can be influenced by the political actors introduced in chapter three. At the background of this relation is the globalization. In chapter three and four will be shown how globalization led to new relations between the different actors and the rise of large international Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs). When the different influences of governments and NGOs on organization decision-making are known, there will be examined how organizations deal with this influence. At the end of this paper, in chapter five, an overview will be given of this possible organizational movements. At last, some hypothesis will be posted towards in which situation organizations make movements towards or away from corporate social responsible behavior.
[...] The next paragraph will explain the relation between governments and NGOs and their different influence on organization decision-making THE WORKING OF THE FIELD In this research, governments and NGOs form the political field around CSR Decision making. This paragraph describes the relation between Governances and NGOs NGOs: Clark (1995), Doh and Teegen (2003) NGOs are important partners for governments. Clark (1995) describes different functions of NGOs: encouraging governments ministries, educating the public, attuning official programs, collaboration with official bodies, influencing local, national or international policies and helping governments in their activities. [...]
[...] This research tried to combine the literature in order to develop one view on the political field around CSR. For future research, this study has the next recommendations: Empirical material can falsify the hypothesis posted in chapter five. Theoretical research could look at the link between the political half of the model and the society half of the model 7. LITERATURE Bergkamp, L., Hunton & Williams. (2002). Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility: a new Sustainability Par Paradigm? European Environmental Law Review, may 2002: 136-152 Clark, J . [...]
[...] This means that not the topic of the decision, but the content of the decision will be considered THE POLITICAL FIELD AROUND CSR 3.1 INTRODUCTION Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a young area of research. The most common-sense theory about CSR is the so called ‘stakeholder approach'. This approach states that there are many different actors around a profit organization who have a ‘stake' in the behavior of this organization. When drawing a picture of these actors, one might come up with a picture like picture There is not one clear stated definition of CSR. [...]
[...] Then, in chapter five, the studies of chapter three and four will be combined to build up a socio-economic approach to the political influence in CSR decision making POSITION OF CSR DECISION MAKING IN THE POLITICAL FIELD In the previous paragraph, the main attention was on Governments and NGOs. In this paragraph, the influence of governments and NGOs will be applied on the motives of organizations. First, the motives of an organization to do something with CSR will be explored. [...]
[...] In chapter four, the different tools with with of governments and NGOs can have influence on organisation decision making will be explored THE DEPENDENCY OF ORGANIZATIONS 4.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter will take a look at how the individual MNE is related to NGOs and Governances. Firstly, in paragraph 4.2 the impact of globalisation on organizations will be described. Then, this chapter turns to the influence of NGOs and Governments on the individual organization. There will be looked at how NGOs and Governments can influence Organization decision making towards CSR topics. [...]
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