There are universal aims for international intervention in conflict resolution that should be used as a guide by all third parties. Kimberly Maynard mentions some of these aims in her book, Healing Communities in Conflict: International Assistance in Complex Emergencies, addressing issues of foreign financial and humanitarian aid. First and foremost, third parties should re-establish safety and security in the community and between the conflict parties . However, this does not just mean the drawdown of local troops or native forces and disarmament, but can include supplementing forces from their own military or peacekeeping units.
[...] Arab nations weighed in, but also Norway has been instrumental in the Oslo Accords, prompting the first direct agreement between the Israelis and the Palestinians, and the U.S has just spearheaded the Annapolis Conference with the rest of the Middle East Quartet. But these conferences were a long time coming, and are a culmination of efforts by many parties. Real progress has been made in the recent Annapolis Conference. In November 2007, all sides, the Israelis, Palestinians and the Middle East Quartet, agreed that both parties have a right to a state and self government. [...]
[...] Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Norway's Involvement in the Peace Process in the Middle East. [Online] Available at: http:www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/ud/Documents/Reports-programmes-of-action- and-plans/Reports/1999/involvement.html?id=420034 [accessed 21 Nov 2007] The Council of the European Union [Online] Available at: http://www.consilium.europa.eu/cms3_fo/showPage.asp?id=1078&lang=en&mode=g [accessed 20 Nov 2007] United Nations Department of Public Information The Question of Palestine and the United nations, Chapter 7 “Search for a peaceful Settlement and the Role of the United Nations. [Online] Available at: http://www.un.org/Dept/dpi/palestine/ch7.pdf [accessed 21 Nov 2007] Maynard 1999: 131-143 These mediator take the form of third party states and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) or international organizations (IOs). [...]
[...] Progress has been made in both regions, much of it from the intervention of IOs and other countries. Israel and the PLO would never have recognized each other's right to an independent state, had it not been for the efforts of the Middle East Quartet and Norway. The situation in Aceh, where expression of grievances was instrumental in the solution, has been remarkably improved and exemplified as a success by the efforts of the AMM, EU, and ASEAN. It is important however to recognize the deficits that international intervention have and to compensate for them accordingly. [...]
[...] The U.S., a constant factor in the peace process in the Middle East, is firmly aligned with Israel and has often intervened in the U.N. on its behalf. The U.S also provides over billion annually in defence spending for Israel that can be used against Palestinian forces. Another major contributor to the peace process, Norway, was chosen by the PLO, but for its good relations with Israel and the U.S.. While the Norwegian efforts have been the most successful and lasting in the peace process, their reason for involvement does not inspire confidence. [...]
[...] The conflict in Aceh, Indonesia stems from economic exploitation. The predominantly Muslim area is extremely valuable; full of natural resources from oil and rubber to cocoa and rice. The Free Aceh Movement, GAM, believes the centralized government of Indonesia and its economic exploitation are hindering the people of Aceh, stifling their culture, heritage and religion. In December of 2004, Indonesia was hit by a devastating tsunami. Soon after, international humanitarian relief and other IOs came to survey the area and to aid victims. [...]
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