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03 May 2007
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A Just Cause

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

As Michael Walzer frequently states, “war is hell”; however, that has not stopped people from engaging in it for thousands of years. There are a variety of reasons nations have entered war, among them are: territorial expansion, the spread of democracy, self-defense, and...

25 Apr 2007
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Is the United Nations an effective organisation?

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

The United Nations is not the first international organisation to be established to help settle conflict peacefully and to prevent future conflicts from arising. In 1899, the Hague Convention for the Settlement of International Disputes was established. “The conference was...

24 Apr 2007
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African Traditional Healing in Today's World

Thesis - 4 pages - International relations

With the advent of postmodern theory in the mid-to-late twentieth century, Western thought has come to realize the need for a more complete view of human knowledge and being, one that does not fall prey to the modernist Enlightenment fascination with ‘rationality' and ‘objectivity'...

01 Apr 2007
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Vatican Diplomacy

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - International relations

The Pope, as a spiritual and temporal leader, wields a double sovereignty: over the City of the Vatican as Head of State, and over the Holy See (or Apostolic See) as Head of the Roman Catholic Church. This fundamental distinction, “perennialized” by the 1929 Latran accords, is at the...

27 Mar 2007
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Britain is widely regarded as the « awkward partner » in Europe. How accurate is this assessment? - published: 27/03/2007

Thesis - 4 pages - International relations

“We have our own dream and our own task. We are with Europe, but not of it. We are linked, but not combined. We are interested and associated, but not absorbed.” Winston Churchill's famous quote aptly describes Britain's approach to European integration since the inception of the EU in...

12 Mar 2007
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Kenneth Waltz's on nuclear weapons

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Do you agree with Waltz's recommendation to spread nuclear weapons? On Sunday, April 9, 2006, the Washington Post announced that “the Bush administration is studying options for military strikes against Iran as part of a broader strategy of coercive diplomacy to...

01 Mar 2007
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The Progressive Era, the New Deal, and the Great Society: a comparative study

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

The Jeffersonian idea that liberty and equality would be best achieved by everyman pursuing his own interest and a federal government with greatly constrained powers is often seen as America's traditional political philosophy. During the 20th century, three periods of government activism...

25 Jan 2007
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The United States and international religious freedom

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

In 1998, the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) created both the International Religious Freedom Office in the Department of State and the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF). Since this date, a report has been produced every year within the United States,...

15 Jan 2007
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The causes of resurgence of Islamism

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

Since the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in 2001, Islamism is perceived as the major international threat of our time. The subject is broadly under studies, in universities as well as in the media, which often provide a biased vision of the phenomenon. Islamism can be defined by the use of the...

15 Jan 2007
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Is the environment an international security issue?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

The last half of the 20th Century has been exclusively dominated by the Cold war conflict. There was little space in the analysis of the scholars in International relations for other minor issues of “low politics”, while the questions of the nuclear war and balance of terror...

20 Dec 2006
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What explains the disintegration of Yugoslavia?

Essay - 8 pages - International relations

The Second Yugoslavia created in 1943, under the name of Democratic Federation of Yugoslavia, was a federal state consisting of six republics -Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia- and two autonomous provinces - Kosovo and Vojvodina. It became the Federal...

14 Dec 2006
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Psychological approaches to International Politics. The case of Cyprus

Essay - 11 pages - International relations

Located at a strategic position in the eastern Mediterranean sea, Cyprus, in the course of its history has frequently switched hands in-between powers which maintained an interest in the region. The list of its successive rulers includes the Egyptians, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Byzantines,...

29 Nov 2006
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The Fog of War: Lessons One and Two

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

Through the process of critical oral history, Robert McNamara has re-evaluated his experience as the Secretary of Defense under the Kennedy and Johnson presidencies. Filmmaker Errol Morris shaped his documentary The Fog of War around eleven lessons from the life of McNamara. The first two...

29 Nov 2006
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The US and Guantanamo Bay

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

In 1898, the United States intervened in the Caribbean and Pacific to fight against Spanish imperialism. In the aftermath of the Spanish-American War, the United States occupied Cuba from January 1899 to May 1902. On February 25, 1901, Senator Orville H. Platt introduced in Congress “the...

20 Sep 2006
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The case of the Czech republic and the Slovak republic

Essay - 11 pages - International relations

The Czech and the Slovak nations had a similar history for more than a century, and the attempt to coexist in just one common state definitely failed in autumn 1992, when the Czech Prime Minister Václav Klaus and the leader of the main Slovak party HZDS, Vladimír Meèiar, came to the conclusion...

29 Aug 2006
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Is NATO still relevant ?

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

General De Gaulle once said that all alliances are like roses: they wither and decay. NATO might be a counter-example or it might not. While during the Munich Conference, the US Deputy Secretary of Defense, Paul Wolfowitz, claimed “As an alliance we have never been stronger. We have never...

25 Jul 2006
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Can we have a world government?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

To answer the question “Can we have world government”, we must understand two questions: one is “What would be the use and necessity of a world government”; the other one is “In what extent would it be possible?” “A government is a system, form or organization...

24 Jul 2006
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What is the role of the state in international Politics?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

International Politics are based upon two main theories, Realism and Liberalism, which are conventionally opposed, and therefore give two different interpretations of world politics. This essay will focus on the stances of these theories upon the role of the state. But before assessing their...

24 Jul 2006
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Is there a 'responsibility to protect'? Is the UN capable of protecting the victims of internal conflicts?

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

Civil wars are, today, since the end of the Cold War, the dominant form of conflicts all around the world. For instance, as Stephen John Stedman explains, 'all thirty-five of the wars in 1997 were primarily internal' . Massive violence, destruction and killing tend, so, nowadays,...

24 Jul 2006
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Is the United Nations running the same risk as its predecessor the League of Nations of being made marginal or even irrelevant? Why or why not?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

'The League is dead, long live the United Nations!' This is with these words that Lord Robert Cecil, one of the architects of the League of Nations, commented on the dissolution of the organization, in the spring 1946, expressing the apparent readiness to write the League off as a failure...

24 Jul 2006
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Why has the UN Charter remained a central plank of international order, even though it was formulated in wartime by only a few of the victorious powers?

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

'If we had had this Charter a few years ago-and above all, the will to use it- millions now dead would be alive. If we should falter in the future in our will to use it, millions now living will surely die.' (Truman) This quotation shows the ambition the Charter has and the hope its...

24 Jul 2006
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Is each age blessed or doomed with the presence of an empire?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

“Veni, vidi, vici...”[I came, I saw, I conquered] Julius Caesar. This quote from one of the most famous Roman generals reflects the principle of a major phenomenon in international relations: empires, a phenomenon which dates back as far as 2334 BC with the reign of Sargon of Akkad, and...

20 Jul 2006
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Is capitalism a positive or negative force in International Relations?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

In 1995, the 200 most powerful multi-national corporations controlled approximately one third of the world GNP The turnover of these companies sometimes exceeds the GNP of some countries: one example is General Motors which with a turnover of 132 billion dollars surpasses the GNP of Indonesia....

24 Mar 2006
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Iran's nuclear program

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

As diplomats from the 190 signatory countries gather in New York this week for the five-yearly review of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Iran will surely be present in many minds. Although some warning signs had been issued by various intelligence services during the previous decade,...

27 Dec 2005
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Landmines in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Thesis - 5 pages - International relations

The conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina began shortly after the republic declared its independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) in March 1992 and lasted nearly four years. A cease-fire was called in September 1995. A general framework agreement (the “Dayton...

22 Aug 2005
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Is multilateralism still viable today?

Thesis - 5 pages - International relations

After WWII, various multilateral organizations have been promoted by the US and implemented through many international organizations such as the UN, the GATT and the IMF. Overtime, multilateral co-operation dramatically developed in different forms (Summits, Conferences, etc...). However, critics...

28 Jan 2005
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Does Realism still provide a convincing analysis of international relationships ?

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Realism arose as a theory after World War II because of the perceived failure of a world guided by Liberal Internationalist principles. The tension fraught era of the Cold War were ideal conditions for the stark, suspicious pragmaticism espoused by the likes of E.H. Carr and Hans J. Morgenthau....

19 Oct 2004
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What is human security?

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

The end of Cold War brought new global challenges to the security field. The arousal of new forms of conflict, such as internal wars and terrorism made it important to rethink civilian protection as the centre of this new perspective of security. Threats to security are no longer restricted to...

23 Apr 2004
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"The postnational constellation" by J. Habermas

Thesis - 7 pages - International relations

“The image of a post national constellation gives rise to alamrist feelings of enlightened helplessness widely observed in the political arena today” . Indeed, the ideal of cosmopolitanism is generating new controversy today with the challenges of globalization. ...

24 Apr 2002
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Hedley Bull's The Anarchical Society. London, Macmillan, 1977

Thesis - 6 pages - International relations

Bull's The Anarchical Society is a ground-breaking book that proposes novel, powerful concepts for reading today's world order as well as the order that prevailed in the world in 1977. Today more than ever, we need the idea of international society, even if it has to be revisited to fit...