Globalization has affected the political world system. Power relations amongst states have been altered due to a number of social, economic and political developments. Contemporary globalization is associated with a transformation of state power as the roles and functions of states are re-articulated, reconstituted and re-embedded at the intersection of globalizing and regionalizing networks and systems. (Held & McGrew, 3) Held elaborates on this intersection' during a debate with Barry Buzan. (Due to globalization) Political power, in other words, is being re-positioned, re-contextualized and, to a degree, transformed by the growing importance of other (less territorially based) power systems.(McGrew, Held & Buzan, 1996)
[...] In contrast, the post-sovereign state often advances global as well as national causes.”(Scholte, 22) In the same way that globalization has uneven benefits and effects, it is also unevenly distributed when it comes to state sovereignty. A much greater degree of autonomy is occurring in respect to weak states than to strong.”(Woods, 10) Weaker states suffer from lack of choice in their international economic relations. Stronger states, although less so, are affected through their integration in the global economy, and do indeed suffer from diminished power. [...]
[...] Although theory has been helpful as tool to understand globalization and the alteration of power relations, we will now move away from theory and on to the more tangible issues. Most would agree that, to some degree, globalization has led to a change in politics. the extreme, some might argue that a new ‘global politics' is emerging, which, like the ‘borderless world economy', is characterized by a global political order in which states' political boundaries become much less important.” (Woods, Political power and political activity extend across the boundaries of states. [...]
[...] increasingly interdependent world economy requires either an international agreement to formulate and enforce the rules of an open world market economy and to facilitate the adjustment of differences or a high degree of coordination amongst capitalist states.”(Gilpin, 63) Globalization has affected states in a multitude of ways. Most importantly, it has changed the ways in which states utilize their power.”These shifts in decision-making do not necessarily imply an erosion of existing state power and authority. Rather, what has changed is the way (and the fora) in which states use their power and authority- with states now choosing to participate in regimes in which they make decisions in coordination or cooperation with other states.”(Woods, Bibliography Cox, Robert, 'Social Forces, States and World Orders', in Robert Keohane Neorealism and Its Critics (1986), Gilpin, Robert, The Political Economy of International Relations (1987) Held & McGrew “Globalization” Oxford Companion to Politics 2005 Accessed 12 June 2006 http://www.polity.co.uk/global/globocp.htm Hobden, Steve and [...]
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