Approximately 800,000 men, women, and children are smuggled across international borders daily. These numbers do not even include labor and sexual exploitation, and internally displaced persons within each state. Those smuggled have different experiences and motivations such as political refugees, economic migrants, and those fleeing voluntarily from ongoing conflict zones or violence prone areas, while there are others that are trafficked against their will. Prospects for a better life abroad, reuniting with family members, escaping from poverty, political and social unrest, conflict, and economic marginalization have increased the number of international migrants.
[...] The program will entail how to recognize human trafficking, how it relates to security, human rights, and organized crimes, and that trafficking is a serious human rights abuse. The ORL will be responsible in educating and training all UN personnel, such as commanders, military police, investigators, intelligence officers, ground staff, and all other necessary units. The program will include widespread circulation of UN standards, codes of conducts, definition of human trafficking, the impact of such actions, and punishment for violators. [...]
[...] Although the DPKO established the CDU, the consequence for peacekeepers involved in human trafficking is merely the repatriation of personnel. Once repatriated, there is no system to trace these violators of crime. This spurs a culture of impunity within the peacekeeping community and sends a message that criminal acts are condoned when Blue Helmet members get away with such practices. It destroys the reputation of the country, organization, and operation when peacekeepers violate the basic human rights of the people they are there to help. [...]
[...] Bureau of Investigation, this business is extremely profitable, contributing to $ 9.5 billion to the world's underground economy.[iii] Human trafficking poses multi-dimensional threats to states and individuals: global health risks, harm to victims, transmission of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, strengthening of organized crime while weakening national and local law enforcement, and degradation of national security and the rule of law.[iv] The same organized crime networks also traffic guns and narcotics, thereby further amplifying security concerns. Apart from human rights concerns associated with human trafficking, the international community has validated the imperative of combating human trafficking as a component of the war against terrorism and narcotics. [...]
[...] The ORL and DPKO will also organize a conference with member states on human trafficking and peacekeeping operations by the UN. Simultaneously, at this meeting NATO, EU and other regional and international organizations involved in the peacekeeping agenda must also be invited to share their views and to increase collaborative efforts to combat human trafficking. Leaders or senior officials within governments and international organizations must issue a clear message that policies will be enforced and that noncompliance will not be tolerated. [...]
[...] After almost three years since the UN adopted anti-trafficking policies and clearly defined trafficking of people, the implementation of policies are inadequate and abuse continues.[x] The peacekeeping operations are places where security concerns are the highest, most difficult, and least governed. Peacekeepers are deployed where others cannot, or will not go to, and, as such, they play a vital role in providing stability and eventual long-term peace and development through nation building. In places such as Bosnia, Kosovo, and Cote d'Ivoire, there has beens a huge influx of international military and contractor presence to facilitate the respective missions, and, coincidentally, there has also be a surge of “trafficking in persons” in these same locations. [...]
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