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13 Jan 2009

Sir William Beveridge - social insurance and allied services, 1942

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

This text is the introduction of the Beveridge Report, called Social Insurance and Allied Services. This report was presented to the British Parliament in November 1942 and was published the on 1st of December 1942. He was commissioned by Arthur Greenwood, in June 1941. William Beveridge...

13 Jan 2009

Former Soviet Republics of Central Asia and democracy

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Nowadays, Central Asia can be considered as the “Heartland”, that is to say the center of geopolitical positioning, given the abundance of natural resources in the region. Indeed this area, particularly Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, benefits from oil and natural gas reserves among the...

13 Jan 2009

Africa: a cold war proxy field?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

In most discourses about International Relations, Africa is described as a ‘victim' of external powers - namely its former colonisers, the United States and, as far as the Cold War period is concerned, the Soviet Union. For instance, it is said that African wars in the post-colonial era were...

13 Jan 2009

Pluralism, democracy, and citizenship

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

‘Most people think that democratic decisions have special moral force - which we have good reasons to obey laws that are democratically chosen. If this is true, why is it true? If it's not true, why is it not?' Democracy is commonly regarded as the best, or the least bad, political system...

13 Jan 2009

Power of pre-colonial Southeast Asian state and peasantry with respect to colonialism

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

Southeast Asia is not an homogeneous region. That is why it can hardly been analysed as a whole and therefore must be divided into several groups. Concerning the issues related to the relations between the state and the peasantry, South East Asia countries belong mainly to two groups. According...

13 Jan 2009

Conservative and Labour Economic Policies

Essay - 17 pages - Political science

After World War II, a new economic philosophy called “Keynesianism” - different from the “laissez-faire” of old - became prevalent; to his main proponent, John Maynard Keynes (1883-1945), free operation of the market was a good thing but it might prove insufficient to ensure...

13 Jan 2009

The Next General Election and its two main candidates

Thesis - 9 pages - Political science

7th September 2006 : Tony Blair declared that he intended to stand down as Labour Party Leader. Thus, he will not stand for the next general election, which will probably take place in 2009. Originality of the election : all three main parties go into the General Election with new...

13 Jan 2009

Client consultancy project: Leeds Metropolitan University Student' Union Elections

Thesis - 29 pages - Political science

This report carries out extensive background research to the election process of Leeds Metropolitan University Students Union (S.U.) and the attitudes of students attending the University. The findings show that students do not feel there is an effort to engage them in the S.U. election...

13 Jan 2009

How adequate is the question of sovereignty in the political disputes within Britain about the desirability of joining the European communities? (1945-1973)

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

Britain was one of the first countries to imagine a European grouping after the Second World War. In Zurich, on 19 September 1946, Churchill called for a 'United States of Europe', which would be based on cooperation between France and Germany. Yet he saw no place for Britain in this...

13 Jan 2009

Is Russian political culture a serious obstacle to democratization?

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

From the end of the Cold War to nowadays, Russia has endeavored to reform itself so as to exit from a situation of crises. Mikhail Gorbachev attempted to give a new start to the economy of the Soviet Union, to reform its plethoric administration and take steps towards a more democratic,...

13 Jan 2009

Parties and party systems in contemporary democracies

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Laver and Schofield wonder what makes length of a government's life through the examples of Italy and Germany, but also of other countries. Firstly, is the number of parties of the political system related to cabinet stability? This is right in Italy, Belgium and Finland. They have a higher...

13 Jan 2009

The political role of the judges in law and politics

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

My presentation is concerned with the relationship between law/the judiciary and politics. The laws relating to civil and criminal wrongs are indeed made either by Parliament in the form of Acts of Parliament (also called statutes) or by the judges themselves (then called the common law). The...

13 Jan 2009

Explain Marx's conception of communist society and assess critically in comparison and contrast with the social ideals of Rousseau

Thesis - 5 pages - Political science

"A spectre is haunting Europe - the spectre of Communism." This is the prophetic opening line of The Communist Manifesto, published in 1848, one of the major and most well-known work of Marx and Engels, dealing with their ideal of a communist society. However, The Communist Manifesto is not a...

13 Jan 2009

Cultural relativism or universalism ? An essay in political ethics

Essay - 10 pages - Political science

This is an essay on cultural relativism in the field of political ethics. Yesterday confined to anthropological studies, the idea infiltrated the domain of international morality after the Second World War. It developed from its original virtues of tolerance and understanding to more defensive...

13 Jan 2009

The employers' organizations in Britain: The case of the CBI

Thesis - 4 pages - Political science

I decided to speak about employers' organisations in Britain because of a personal and very simple interrogation: I was actually wondering what the equivalent of the French MEDEF in Britain was. At first sight, I discovered quickly that this equivalent is the CBI, The Confederation of British...

12 Jan 2009

Niccolo Machiavelli

Thesis - 5 pages - Political science

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) is one of the most ambiguous political scientist of the history. Some used to qualify him as being immoral because of his promotion of force and deception to protect a State. However, according to the researchers that have analyzed his works, he is “the...

12 Jan 2009

Why did Clinton Health Security Act of 1993 failed despite the opportunity to reform?

Thesis - 6 pages - Political science

Reforming the US health care system was one of the top priorities of the presidential battle in 1992 and William Jefferson Clinton managed to appear as the most competent candidate to deliver a comprehensive plan to solve this problem. Since the late 1970's, the country was facing problems...

12 Jan 2009

Assess the significance of the Watergate scandal

Thesis - 4 pages - Political science

Born in 1913 in California, Richard Nixon became the 37th president of the United States in 1968, after being governor of California in 1950, then vice-president at the side of Eisenhower. This republican president earned a big success at the beginning. He indeed managed to end the war in Vietnam...

12 Jan 2009

The relationship between the different types of suffrage and the creation (or construction) of democratic institutions in France from 1789 to 1870

Thesis - 5 pages - Political science

From 1789 to 1870 in France, not less than eight constitutions and twelve regimes followed one after another. France also experienced all types of suffrages, from the most restricted one of the Ancient Regime, to the universal manhood suffrage. This period is undeniably crucial to one who aims to...

12 Jan 2009

To what extent is Belgium a sui generis federation?

Thesis - 6 pages - Political science

Only 25 countries out of the 193 world-wide existing operate with a federal political system . If we look at the ones situated in Europe, there are very few: Austria, Belgium, Germany, Spain , and Switzerland. I am here interested in the newest one: Belgium. The reforms starting the...

12 Jan 2009

Democracy in Nigeria at the dawn of the 21st century

Thesis - 6 pages - Political science

“« Democracy is good, » says Godwin Eweye, a video-store owner, « but Nigeria is not yet fully democratic. »” A few days only after Nigeria's 2003 parliamentary elections, this local comment illustrates the enduring difficulties that the country faces in its...

12 Jan 2009

What is the function of representation in Hobbes conception of political power as presented in the Leviathan?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The notion of Representation is a key feature in democratic regimes. More stable than the direct participation of the people into political life, it supposes that the institutions of the State reflect the composition and the wishes of the people. A simple look at the title of the book-the...

12 Jan 2009

Should illegal immigrants be legalised in the USA?

Thesis - 3 pages - Political science

While the Spanish government legalised 600,000 undocumented workers in May 2005 and the French Minister of the Interior Nicolas Sarkozy is currently trying to get his bill reinforcing control over illegal immigrants passed through the French National Assembly, the United States, traditionally...

12 Jan 2009

'Prime ministers are already 'presidential', and are becoming more presidential': examples of United Kingdom, Italy and France

Thesis - 4 pages - Political science

In most European countries, Prime ministers are the major figure of the political game. They have a wide interface, with the media (both at a national and international level), and with their population, even if they are never called the “head of states”. Many political scientists have...

09 Jan 2009

Account for the failure of Clinton's health care reforms

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

In the United States in the early 1990s, both public opinion and political actors agreed that healthcare system did not work properly anymore. The American system is based on employment, i.e. those who work can benefit from a healthcare insurance, but unemployed people and half-time workers...

09 Jan 2009

How can the "crisis" of the Welfare States affect the policy of fight against poverty?

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

Since the end of the XVIIIth century, the disastrous consequences due to the Industrial Revolution and to “savage capitalism” on working conditions has been underlined through the rising resentment of the working class. That is why, in order to avoid social implosion and to control...

09 Jan 2009

What role does the media play in the political process?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Since its beginning, about five decades ago, the mass media have been intertwined with political processes of every type, ranging from coverage of major political events and institutions to effects on campaigns and elections. In our liberal democracies, the media are central for the public:...

09 Jan 2009

Domestic Politics and American Foreign Policy: American & European political culture, an unsolvable misunderstanding?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The end of the cold war with the collapse of the Soviet Union enabled the emergence of the United States as a hegemonic power. At this time Realist Theories in International Relations predicted that a counterbalancing coalition should soon be organized. The European Union appeared as the most...

09 Jan 2009

Where would you place New Labour on the ideological spectrum?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Since its foundation in 1900, the British Labour Party has been in power eleven times, and has had five Prime Ministers. It was founded as a social-democratic party, close to the unions and advocating the rights of the working class. On June 2001, led by Tony Blair, it won its second General...

09 Jan 2009

United States versus democracy

Thesis - 10 pages - Political science

Throughout history individuals have discussed the term democracy, which has its origins in ancient Greece, and is derived from the words demos and kratos. The literal definition of this term is “rule by the people.” However, this definition is ambiguous and has allowed...