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International law

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22 Apr 2009
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International criminal courts: An historical and sociological overview of supranational criminal justice

Thesis - 5 pages - International law

The notion of individual criminal responsibility under international law is a recent phenomenon. Many different mechanisms have been employed including domestic courts, the International Criminal Court (ICC) as well as ad hoc UN tribunals and new “hybrid” or internationalized...

16 Apr 2009
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Patrice Lumumba: American foreign policy and cover-ups

Thesis - 6 pages - International law

Historically, the foreign policy of the United States has been such that one event has integrated itself into effecting the majority of events to follow. The case of the United States foreign policy in the Congo and, specifically, the assassination of Patrice Lumumba is no exception....

30 Mar 2009
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A critical discussion and analysis of 'The Rule of Law'

Thesis - 5 pages - International law

Central to the general idea of the Rule of Law is the specific intention that it involves the rule of the law rather than the rule of the people. Judges hold a position of central importance in the relation to the concept of the Rule of Law. They are expected to deliver judgment...

21 Jan 2009
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Consider the extent to which international law is law, or 'really law' or 'law properly so-called' with reference to legal and other theorists

Essay - 6 pages - International law

Charlotte Ku and Paul F. Diehl noticed that at first sight, ‘International' and ‘Law' sound contradictory: “how can one imagine a structured and developed legal system functioning in a political environment that is diffused, disparated, unregulated and conventionally...

20 Jan 2009
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The concept of non-resident on international laws

Essay - 9 pages - International law

The tax situation of each person is defined in relation to his domicile tax. According to Article 1 of the law of 29 December 1976 applicable for the first time to the income for the year 1977 and codified in section 4A of the GTC, "people who have their domicile tax in France are liable for...

16 Jan 2009
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Legitimacy & efficiency inside the security council

Thesis - 17 pages - International law

When the idea of a potential world organization first emerged in 1943, arbitration was soon to be made between maintaining effective power within the scope of a few powers, and the necessity to gain the support from small and medium States. The only possible answer to this dilemma was to initiate...

15 Jan 2009
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International human rights law

Essay - 4 pages - International law

Today, various international instruments allow for the protection and respect of human rights. Thus, the International Bill of Rights is the basis composed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 and the two subsequent International Covenants of 1966. The United Nations, which is...

15 Jan 2009
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Essay on the Rome Convention on the law applicable to contractual obligations

Essay - 13 pages - International law

The Rome Convention on the Law applicable to contractual obligations “applies to contractual obligations in any situation involving a choice between the laws of different countries.” The scope of the Convention is therefore clear; its aim is to regulate contractual relations...

15 Jan 2009
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Essay on restitution obligations throughout Europe

Essay - 13 pages - International law

Restitutionary obligation is the response to unjust enrichment. Unjust Enrichment at the expense of another must be restituted in order to secure a corrective justice. On this very basis restitutionary, as opposed to compensation, aims to deprive the defendant of a gain rather than to compensate...

15 Jan 2009
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Difficulties of application of international law - Example of the Cambodia genocide

Essay - 10 pages - International law

This paper will show to the reader the difficulties which can appear in practice concerning the international criminal law. Indeed, several problems can occur. First of all, one has to know what the aim of the international criminal law is and we have to define what is the international criminal...

15 Jan 2009
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Legal aspects of international mergers and acquisitions: Sacyr/Eiffage

Essay - 6 pages - International law

The Sacyr/Eiffage case involves two public construction companies, the Spanish Sacyr Villehermoso and the French Eiffage. First, let's introduce those two companies. Sacyr is a leading Spanish construction company based and listed in Madrid. It is publicly traded and part of the IBEX 35, the...

15 Jan 2009
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US Foreign Policy and international law

Essay - 5 pages - International law

The United States has been the main supporter of the development of international rules since the end of World War II. The US sought to rebuild an international system that would promote international cooperation in various areas to avoid conflicts: economic (through the creation of an...

15 Jan 2009
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Is there a "Bolivarian" alternative to free market integration?

Essay - 6 pages - International law

Since 1998, voters have elected Hugo Chavez to the presidency three times with increasing margin each time and on August 15, 2004, voters returned to polls to decide whether to remove him from office or not. 59% of voters confirmed the President's mandate and defeated the recall initiative. First...

13 Jan 2009
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Consistence between the English Criminal Justice and Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights

Essay - 9 pages - International law

The United Kingdom was one of the original parties to the European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHR). States which contract into the ECHR are obliged to secure the enjoyment of Convention rights for their citizens. Sometimes positive actions may be required as creation,...

13 Jan 2009
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International law: history and definition

Essay - 5 pages - International law

“Truth is that international law is neither a myth on the one hand, nor a panacea on the other, but just one institution among others which we can use for building of a better international order” (J. Brierly, The law of nations, Oxford 1995). Law is a system of rules that is kept and...

13 Jan 2009
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What are the various means allowing the pacific regulation of the disputes?

Essay - 5 pages - International law

The Hague Peace Conference of 1899, marked a new phase in the history of international arbitration. It ended by adopting a Convention on the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, which dealt not only with arbitration but also with other methods of pacific settlement. Then the league of...

13 Jan 2009
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Disaster in Darfur and the responsibilities of France

Thesis - 5 pages - International law

On 16 May 2006, resolution 1679 was unanimously adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations Organisation (UNO). It expressed its intention to consider conducting a “United Nations Operation in Darfur” and called for the deployment of “a joint African Union and United...

12 Jan 2009
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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is primarily a Western document, limiting the claimed universal applicability of Human Rights

Thesis - 5 pages - International law

On 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted by the Third General Assembly of the United Nations. In the aftermath of WW2, nearly every state that had fought with the Western Allies wanted the atrocities of Nazism and Fascism to be prohibited. To do this...

09 Dec 2008
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Founding of the ICRC and establishment of International Humanitarian Law

Essay - 15 pages - International law

On a summer day of June 1959, during the wars of Italian unification, a major battle broke out in northern Italy. Later to become known as the battle of Solferino, it was estimated that some six thousand were killed in a single day. Henry Dunant, a citizen of Geneva, Switzerland,...

05 Dec 2008
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The legal process of entering into a joint venture with the Cuban water utility company

Essay - 16 pages - International law

This paper examines the legal process of entering into a joint venture with the Cuban public water system through a joint venture in a Post-Fidel Castro Cuba. Although Fidel is no longer at the helm, the Cuban Communist party is still in power. Since Cuba has a state planned...

05 Dec 2008
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The international legality of nationalization: An analysis of the bilateral investment treaty between Venezuela and Canada

Essay - 15 pages - International law

During the Cold War, the legality of a sovereign state nationalizing foreign property was often debated among the world community. The two principal contrasting theories were: (1) socialist theory and (2) western capitalist theory. States from the third world often followed a...

17 Oct 2008
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Should the U.S. encourage Japan's rearmament?

Essay - 5 pages - International law

In 1946, following the end of World War II and the defeat of the Axis countries, Japan was being occupied by the Americans. During this time, the Allied Powers—the United States, Great Britain, and China—drew up what became called the Potsdam Declaration, which held the terms...

15 Oct 2008
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The FA's news rules on the regulation of player agents: A critique

Essay - 8 pages - International law

On 21 November 2006, the Football Association (FA) approved and implemented the new domestic Football Agents Regulations (the Regulations), which came into effect in September 2007. Whilst it is too early to ascertain the impact of the Regulations on conduct of player agents, they have...

25 Sep 2008
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Patent law essay - Interpretation of claims and infringement

Essay - 6 pages - International law

The intrinsic nature of patents has rendered interpretation of patent claims inherently problematic. The central issue that has exercised the courts is the appropriate method of interpretation, particularly on infringement claims. Bainbridge's observations of the intricacies of...

10 Sep 2008
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WTO: An introduction to the World Trade Organization

Essay - 6 pages - International law

The World Trade Organization is the most recent result of international efforts to reduce barriers to trade. It is an institution in which membership is voluntary, but it is also an organization with legal status. I will explain more about this later. In this paper I will...

10 Sep 2008
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The PLO: Still a threat?

Essay - 6 pages - International law

When the historic "Gaza and Jericho" first agreement was signed in September 1993 at the White House in Washington, D. C., in the presence of Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) Chairman Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and President Clinton, uproar and discontent were exhibited by all...

09 Sep 2008
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The impact of European Union Law on the world of sport and the Bosman decision

Essay - 7 pages - International law

Under European Union law, Article 81 of the EC Treaty provides that all agreements between undertakings, decisions of undertakings and concerted practices which may affect trade between Member States and which have as their objective or effect the prevention, restriction or distortion of...

21 Aug 2008
rtf

The contribution made to the concept of the supremacy of European Community Law by the judgment of the European Court of Justice

Essay - 5 pages - International law

The tension between European Community law (EC) and national law is arguably the most debated topic of constitutional law . The convention of Parliamentary supremacy is rooted within the British constitution as a fundamental limb of the separation of powers doctrine ....

19 Aug 2008
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Discuss critically the current international legal position on the patentability of software and business method inventions

Essay - 7 pages - International law

The question of available protection for new products which are software is a complex issue. Under UK law, the Copyright Design and Patents Act 1988 (“the Act”), software is protected by the law of copyright. Although this is a powerful form of protection against an authorised copying...

18 Aug 2008
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The impact of European Union Law on the world of sport in the context of sport regulation and restraint of trade since the Bosman decision.

Essay - 7 pages - International law

Under European Union law, Article 81 of the EC Treaty provides that all agreements between undertakings, decisions of undertakings and concerted practices which may affect trade between Member States and which have as their objective or effect the prevention, restriction or distortion of...