Connectivity via the Internet has greatly reduced geographical distances and made communication even more rapid. While activities in this limitless new universe are increasing incessantly, laws must be formulated to monitor these activities. Some countries have been rather vigilant and formed some laws governing the net. In order to keep pace with the changing generation, the Indian Parliament passed the much-awaited Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000 (hereinafter referred to as the Act'). Thus Information Technology Act 2000 plays a pivotal role in turning the globe into one single place for business and making it a virtual reality.
Internet is a mode of communication. When civilization started, communication was through gestures, and then speech was invented by the human race. After many centuries-another simplified mode, writing, came. With the evolution of the human race, man thought of easier and faster modes of communication.
Then came the evolution of the internet, with this mode of communication there was one language to spoken all over the globe. To put in common man's language, the internet is a global network of computers; all of them speak same language. The real power of Internet is that it is available to anyone with a computer and a telephone. As the internet is proliferating like a web throughout the globe, so will the complexity of the cyber laws. Many countries have already laid down cyber laws and India is proud to be one of them.
[...] Highlights of the Information Technology Act 2000 o Electronic Contracts will be legally valid. o LEGAL recognition of Digital signatures. o Digital signature to be effected by use of asymmetric crypto system and hash function. o Security procedure for Electronic records and Digital signature. o Appointment of Certifying Authorities (CAs) and Controller of Certifying Authorities including recognition of foreign Certifying Authorities. o Controller to Act as repository of all Digital Certificates. o Certifying Authorities to get license to issue Digital Certificates. [...]
[...] Operating on or near the cutting edge of technology and staying there as technology changes. Creating an organization of sufficient alertness and agility to respond quickly to any changes in the environment. Commerce has a long tradition of profiting from innovative systems and tools. Electronic Commerce is the exchange of business information using electronic formats, including Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Electronic Mail (e-mail), Electronic Bulletin Boards (EBBs) and Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT). E-commerce Technologies are designed to replace traditional paper-based workflow with faster, more efficient and reliable communications between computers. [...]
[...] The Indian Cyber law namely, The Information Technology Act has introduced a new chapter entitled" Offences" namely Chapter 11.In the said chapter, only a limited number of cyber crimes have been covered. These include damage to computer source code, hacking, publishing obscene electronic information, breach of protected systems, publishing certain false Digital Signature Certificates for fraudulent purposes. Barring these offences, no other cyber crimes are covered under the IT Act 2000. In addition, the IT Act 2000 has amended the Indian Penal Code However, the amendments have been made in such a manner so as to make the ambit of documents stipulated in various criminal provisions to include therein electronic records. [...]
[...] He has not yet received the item or a refund from the seller, who is based in Gurgaon, Haryana, despite his repeated reminders. The seller probably feels the buyer can't take legal action since the buyer lives in South India. Although the buyer did report the matter to Baazee.com's complaint cell, they haven't been able to help. Our Viewpoint It is clear that the mobile phone owner has cheated Dr C.N.M.R and so he needs to register a case of cheating with the police under section 420 IPC and Section 75(2) of the Information Technology Act 2000. [...]
[...] Provision under Information Technology Act 2000 for Digital Signature is as follows: 1. Legal recognition of digital signatures. Where any law provides that information or any other matter shall be authenticated by affixing the signature or any document shall be signed or bear the signature of any person hence, notwithstanding anything contained in such law, such requirement shall be deemed to have been satisfied, if such information or matter is authenticated by means of digital signature affixed in such manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government. [...]
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