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20 Oct 2010
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Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District 393 U.S. 503 (1969)

Essay - 1 pages - Other law subjects

John and Mary Beth Tinker, high school students, decided with their friend, Christopher Eckhardt, to wear black armbands to school in protest of the Vietnam War. The armbands included a peace sign and were meant to support President Kennedy's call for a Christmastime truce. The...

29 Sep 2010
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Contracts and tort law - Causation and loss of chance

Essay - 10 pages - Other law subjects

When it comes to tort or contract litigation in the aim of obtaining damages, the most important aspect to take into account is the issue of causation. Indeed, without proving a causal link between the defendant's action and the claimant's harm, no liability can be held. This rigor is a means of...

29 Sep 2010
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Family Law: Comparison France Vs. China

Essay - 20 pages - Other law subjects

During the last century, the Chinese government decided to abolish the old family system and establish a new family idea: the socialist family system (the Marriage Code of 1950). This marked a turning point in Chinese common law and the beginning of a new family way of thinking. With this new...

29 Sep 2010
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The discussion of Hart and Fuller

Essay - 7 pages - Other law subjects

Natural law has to explain the nature of morality. The natural law view believes that the creation of law should be based on natural laws or common morals. Laws are based on purpose, not on meaning of the words. Natural lawyers do not separate law and morality, since an unjust law is not a law at...

29 Sep 2010
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Introduction to torts and the nominate torts

Essay - 3 pages - Other law subjects

The word ?torts' is used to denote many civil wrongs. A tort is defined in formal terms as a civil wrong which gives rise to an action for damages, other than the one which is exclusively breach of contract or breach of trust or other equitable obligation. As common law, the law of torts grew...

29 Sep 2010
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The economics of the no-fault divorce law

Essay - 5 pages - Other law subjects

Marriage is a specific kind of contract "based upon a voluntary private agreement by a man and a woman to become husband and wife?. So in a sense, marriage is a contract like another one, the only difference being that the two contracting parties are strictly determined by the law as "only a...

29 Sep 2010
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The rule of precedent

Essay - 4 pages - Other law subjects

In a society ruled by law, it is essential that the law is applied in the same way to those in similar situations. This way people know when they are breaking “the law”. It also ensures that citizens are treated fairly, in the sense of being subject to the same judgement....

29 Sep 2010
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The protection of consumers on Internet

Essay - 15 pages - Other law subjects

The recent boom of the internet in Europe and the emergence of a new kind of commerce (e-commerce) led to a widening of the commercial offers that can be proposed to the consumers. Simultaneous with such an expansion in internet offering come the demand for online security regarding the rights...

17 Aug 2009
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The utilitarianism of government gaming laws in the United States

Tutorials/exercises - 9 pages - Other law subjects

The current U.S. ban on sports betting goes back to 1961 when the federal “wire act” made the act of transmitting bets across state lines via the telephone illegal. The only state to offer legal sports betting has been Nevada. (Delaware and Oregon also have made attempts to offer sports...

11 Aug 2009
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Common law as a paradigm: The case of Dorset Yacht Co. v. Home Office

Case study - 5 pages - Other law subjects

The concept of law can be explained in many different ways and methods, however to easily sum it up one could say it's mainly used as a dispute resolving mechanism that minimizes or altogether prevent the practice of self help. Law can also be described as a social system, something that...

31 Jul 2009
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Government coercion through duress and contract modification

Thesis - 5 pages - Other law subjects

In Rumsfeld v. Freedom NY, Inc., 329 F.3d 1320 (2003), the government contractor was finally able to procure some relief after a 17 year struggle to rectify the shameful, bad faith tactics of the Defense Logistics Agency. The government's ACO, Marvin Lieberman, breached the contract by...

03 Jun 2009
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Cyber crime

Presentation - 20 pages - Other law subjects

Cyber crime refers to anything done in the cyber space with a criminal intent. These could be either the criminal activities in the conventional sense or could be activities, newly evolved with the growth of the new medium. Cyber crime includes acts such as hacking, uploading obscene content on...

17 May 2009
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Common land ownership in Scotland

Thesis - 7 pages - Other law subjects

This essay was largely inspired by the working papers of Andy Wightman, Robin Callander, Graham Boyd and James Perman. James Perman is a Chartered Accountant from Largs. Andy Wightman, Robin Callander and Graham Boyd are independent authors and researchers who work together on occasion through...

23 Apr 2009
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Theories and case studies on copyright issues in a digital environment, logo infringement and patents

Thesis - 11 pages - Other law subjects

Locke propounded the theory that protection of property is to justify it as a reward for the labor put in to create / generate it by the creator. Locke started his theory with the presumption that ‘every man has a property in his own person'. Locke claims that an individual's labor...

23 Apr 2009
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Information technology related intellectual property rights: Discussed using various case studies

Thesis - 10 pages - Other law subjects

Ms. Rukmini residing in India has taken photographs of small children as a professional photographer. The photographs are taken on the theme of expression of babies. As is present in India, children are like God and hence it does not matter if the photographs are nude. This was an issue in USA as...

30 Mar 2009
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Formalizing plea bargaining in justice and equality in the English legal system

Thesis - 6 pages - Other law subjects

Before discussing plea bargaining it is perhaps paramount to define what is meant by the expression. Plea bargaining refers to ‘the exchange of a guilty plea for a reduced charge or some hope of a reduced sentence.' In other words it is an agreement between the prosecution...

23 Mar 2009
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Discussing and analyzing Restorative Justice: Victims' rights and the future

Thesis - 6 pages - Other law subjects

Restorative justice has become mainstream following the establishment of youth offender panels last year under the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999. It is no longer just another possible option available in some places at various points in the criminal justice process. However, there...

05 Mar 2009
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Consumer Protection Act of India: When the consumer is a king

Thesis - 31 pages - Other law subjects

A consumer is a user of goods and services. Any person paying for goods and services which he uses is entitled to expect that the goods and services are of a nature and quality promised to him by the seller. The earlier principle of "Caveat Emptor" or "let the buyer beware" which was...

05 Mar 2009
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The Information Technology Act 2000

Case study - 22 pages - Other law subjects

Connectivity via the Internet has greatly reduced geographical distances and made communication even more rapid. While activities in this limitless new universe are increasing incessantly, laws must be formulated to monitor these activities. Some countries have been rather vigilant and formed...

05 Mar 2009
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Cyber law in India

Case study - 33 pages - Other law subjects

Since the beginning of civilization, man has constantly adapted himself to the changing circumstances and scenarios to usher in new eras of development and progress. Every stage in human history has been important in its own way. However, if today we look back in retrospect and try to...

05 Mar 2009
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Law of copyright with amendments and case studies showing infringement

Case study - 23 pages - Other law subjects

The first copyright act in India was passed in 1914. It was a replica of the English copyright act of 1911. The act, presently in use was legislated in the year 1957 and is known as copyright act of 1957 and was amended with the copyright act of 1999.It adopted many principles and provision...

16 Jan 2009
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Hissène Habré's case: Origins and current debate

Case study - 9 pages - Other law subjects

In February 2003, the Darfur conflict, an ethnic clash in western Sudan, began and, in March 2004, Mukesh Kapila, called it the "world's greatest humanitarian crisis". Thus, in January 2005, the UN Secretary-General's Commission of Inquiry on Darfur estimated in its report that there were...

16 Jan 2009
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Controversy around memorial laws

Essay - 12 pages - Other law subjects

A controversy recently arose in France in which historians played a significant role. This controversy involves a number of actors: The French government, which passed the so-called “memorial laws”; the interest groups that lobbied the Parliament to pass them; the historians who became...

16 Jan 2009
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The class action lawsuits

Essay - 3 pages - Other law subjects

We read about class actions almost everyday in the newspapers. The idea to gather together in order to sue big companies such as tobacco or food companies originates from the United States; however, as these lawsuits are increasingly successful, the phenomenon currently spreads into the whole...

15 Jan 2009
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Jürgen Habermas overemphasises the role of the public sphere in his theory of law and democracy

Essay - 7 pages - Other law subjects

Jürgen Habermas (born June 18, 1929 in Düsseldorf) is a German philosopher, political scientist and sociologist in the tradition of critical theory. His work focuses on the analysis of advanced capitalist industrial society and of democracy and the rule of law in a critical social-evolutionary...

12 Jan 2009
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Competition Law

Market study - 4 pages - Other law subjects

The area of EC Competition Law has experienced major structural and substantial changes over the past two decades. The last decade of reforms of EC Competition Law is often cited as the « modernisation process » . Since competition rules always apply to a « market...

12 Jan 2009
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Civil - military relations in Israel

Thesis - 5 pages - Other law subjects

Israel is a democratic republic and operates under the parliamentary system. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister and the government. It was founded in 1948.The Israeli defence forces, Tsahal, were also created in 1948, with the professionalisation of several paramilitary...

08 Dec 2008
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Legal and policy issues and campaigning strategy relevant to the 21st congressional district election in Florida

Essay - 16 pages - Other law subjects

This paper will outline the legal and policy issues that are pertinent to your election campaign against incumbent Lincoln Diaz-Balart in the 21st U.S. Congressional District of Florida (herein after the 21st District, the District, or the 21st). We start with a general fact summary of...

21 Nov 2008
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Robert Oppenheimer and the FBI security clearance hearings

Essay - 5 pages - Other law subjects

Nobody can definitively say whether Oppenheimer truly deserved to lose his security clearance. He made several mistakes of great import. However, he loyally served the United States throughout his life and was instrumental in creating the weapon that ultimately ended the war (whether that weapon...

19 Nov 2008
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Consumer motivations regarding non-ownership decisions in the automotive industry

Essay - 6 pages - Other law subjects

In the analysis of non-ownership decisions in the automotive industry “non-ownership” must first be defined. Non- ownership is simply referring to a leasing type of contract, this type of a contract allows for consumption without ownership. Traditional purchase, cash or...