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01 Mar 2022

How could international law support a transition to renewable sources of energy?

Essay - 4 pages - International law

Climate change is an international issue. Indeed, no matter how much greenhouse gases emissions decrease in Europe, if the world does not act collectively climate change and its consequences will continue. But climate change is not only an international topic, it intersects with many...

17 Dec 2021

Lower-class youth delinquency and incarceration in the United States

Essay - 5 pages - Criminal law

In 2016 in the United States, 11,745 youths were sentenced either to life with/without parole, or virtual life imprisonment (Sentencing Project, 2019). Thankfully, the Supreme Court barred the death sentence of youth offenders (Roper v. Simmons, 2005) even though life without parole and virtual...

17 Dec 2021

Opinion: the process of plea bargaining should be reformed in the American Justice System

Essay - 5 pages - Criminal law

According to the Department of Justice, more than 90% of Criminal Justice cases end in plea bargains (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005). This statistic shows how important the process of plea bargaining is in the American Justice System. Clark Neily (2021) describes plea bargaining as "a...

05 Dec 2021

Judgment of the court (Second Chamber), 30 September 2004, Case C-319/03, Serge Briheche v Ministre de l'Intérieur and Others

Law case - 2 pages - Administrative law

A man named Mr. S. Briheche was 48 years old. He was a widower not remarried and had a 12-year-old dependent child. This man applied for four civil servant recruitment contests. However, access to these contests is restricted to persons under the age of 45. The Minister of the Interior, the...

09 Sep 2021

Environmental Law - Sustainable Development in South Africa

Essay - 4 pages - Environment law

The expression "sustainable development" has been used for years now. It is all about the promotion of people's well-being, the improvement of their life quality, especially in the long run. This means that what the current generation is doing has consequences on future generations. Therefore,...

01 Sep 2021

Should the death sentence be implemented globally?

Essay - 5 pages - International law

From the beginning of the world, there have always been multiple ways or theories of punishment. After researches and studies conducted by the experts of the domain, it was revealed that the death sentence takes its roots from the legal and political systems of many countries of the world....

14 Aug 2021

Global overview of the death penalty around the world and reasons to abolish it

Dissertation - 13 pages - Criminal law

As far back as the Old Testament, the death penalty has been established to punish offenses. Nowadays the death penalty, also called capital punishement, defines the execution of an offender who has committed an infringment.This sanction is applied by a recognized instituion after a trial....

16 Jul 2021

The Universality of Fundamental Rights

Essay - 5 pages - Public liberties

The concept surrounding the notion of the universality of fundamental rights, and more precisely that of human rights, implies in reality rights that would apply to all of humanity. Its point of origin, both historical and philosophical, in fact, lies in an 18th-century French text, namely: The...

16 Jul 2021

The right of veto in the US Constitution

Essay - 5 pages - Constitutional law

In 1787 the US Constitution established a special political regime that has no equivalent elsewhere. This observation stems from the will of the Founding Fathers, who wanted to build a characteristic and unique system of balance of power. In addition to the implemented separation of powers, this...

16 Jun 2021

The risks of democracies

Essay - 3 pages - International law

In order to determine whether there is a violation of due process, it is necessary to ask several cumulative and conditional questions. If so, is a fundamental right involved? And finally, depending on the answer to this question, it is necessary to apply the standards of the review to provide an...

12 Mar 2021

Witnesses and Data Messages

Law case study - 3 pages - Criminal law

In terms of section 15 of the Electronic Communications and Transactions Act, 25 of 2002 ('ECTA') the legal requirements for the admissibility and weight of data messages are stipulated by the Act. The term 'data message' means data generated, sent, received or stored by...

12 Mar 2021

Professional ethics of attorneys (South Africa)

Law case study - 6 pages - Other law subjects

Mr. Matlou was the attorney at the state attorney who was briefed by the department of health to represent it as a defendant in the case L v MEC for Health, Gauteng. His conduct in the matter and the manner in which he dealt with it both before, during and after the trial, illustrates...

12 Mar 2021

Legal Philosophy - Value judgments and how judges decide cases - Mapodile v Minister of Correctional Services 2016 (2) SACR 413 (GJ)

Law case study - 5 pages - Civil law

This case concerned the rights of gay prisoners and their treatment in prison. The applicant was a gay prisoner who brought an application to the court seeking the court's assistance in establishing the rights of gay and lesbian men and women to be confined in cells with people of similar...

02 Feb 2021

State sovereignty in international public law

Essay - 5 pages - International law

Jean Bodin (1530-1596) considered that the concept of sovereignty is an absolute concept. Sovereignty is a key concept when it comes to dealing with the state and its place in the international arena. It is, indeed, a concept that has been fostered to characterize the intrinsic power of states:...

19 Sep 2020

Estoppel: questions and case study

Essay - 5 pages - International law

The doctrine of the promissory estoppel is a remedy afforded to a party receiving a promise/representation (the promisee) enabling them to rely on that promise/representation made by the other party (the promisor) to recover damages due to the either beneficial or prejudicial and detrimental...

25 May 2020

Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Religion in United States

Case study - 7 pages - Civil law

Owing to centuries of religious conflicts and oppression, the Founding Fathers wrote the first amendment of what will be the Constitution of the United States of America while highlighting freedom of religion. Indeed, in the 16th century, French Huguenots established a colony at Fort Caroline in...

25 May 2020

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) - The Right of Privacy and Abortion

Law case study - 5 pages - Civil law

First of all, it feels right to define what's the right of privacy. Several definitions can be found. The right of or to privacy is the right not to have one's personal matters disclosed or publicised - Louis Brandeis who will be appointed to the Supreme Court qualified it as the right to...

07 May 2020

The International Criminal Court and the Peace Process in Northern Uganda

Essay - 9 pages - International law

The Juba Peace Talks that started in July 2006 in Southern Sudan seem to be one of the best chances to bring an end to the 20-year-long raging conflict in the region of Northern Uganda. Known for its unbelievable atrocities, the war has by now caused the displacement of more than 1.7 million...

09 Apr 2020

Civil Litigation

Course material - 55 pages - Other law subjects

55 typed and very detailed pages of Civil Litigation Law Revision Notes which provide summary revision points in preparation for the legal practice course exam and undergraduate law on the following sub-topics: - Elements of causes of action and remedies available - Commencing proceedings and...

30 Oct 2019

The effects of a hard BREXIT

Summary - 3 pages - Other law subjects

The following countries would be enable to continue to provide services to eligible counterparties and per se professional clients located in those countries for a period of time after a Hard Brexit

04 Jun 2019

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Essay - 4 pages - International law

It is increasingly common for commercial agreements to include clauses providing for the use of a form of alternative dispute resolution, should a dispute arise. Consider critically the approach of the courts, and the guidance available from bodies such as UNCITRAL and the ICC, in discussing how...

11 Jan 2017

American police history

Essay - 1 pages - Criminal law

In the foggy streets of London in 1829 a ruling made by British Parliament would change the system of policing around the world drastically and forever. This ruling was based upon the ideas of a man named Robert Peel, and these ideas are still the major basis for police in America today.

07 Sep 2016

"Toward Neutral Principles of Constitutional Law" by Herbert Wechsler and the Brown v. the Board of Education Legal Decision

Essay - 2 pages - Constitutional law

In "Toward Neutral Principles of Constitutional Law", Herbert Wechsler brings up difficult issues that are eternally present in cases that make their way up to the Supreme Court. While we often deny these issues and simply assume that the court is making a decision that is "Constitutional" and...

06 Jul 2016

Our Undemocratic Constitution - Sanford Levinson, 2008

Book review - 4 pages - Constitutional law

In "Our Undemocratic Constitution" by Sanford Levinson, the author argues that the Constitution has become outdated, and that it must be changed. His basic premise is that our nation was not the same as it was during the Constitutional Convention in the late 18th century, and in order to remain...

04 Jul 2016

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

Essay - 2 pages - Other law subjects

In the 1960's, our country went through many significant transformations. The Civil Rights Acts of 1964 which was passed by President Lyndon Johnson gave enormous rights to black people, women, all ethnic groups, and the Act made it illegal to discriminate against people for trivial reasons....

29 Mar 2016

UK revenge porn laws: Literature review

Essay - 5 pages - Other law subjects

Revenge porn is a type of illegal activity where a party exposes explicit images or other materials such as videos, of a person whom they had a relationship with but broke up in retaliation to the break up with the aim of hitting back at their significant others. It may also occur when hackers...

25 Feb 2016

Criminal justice ethics

Essay - 2 pages - Other law subjects

The processes and systems set to prevent and mitigate crime, impose criminal punishments to those who violate the law and recommend rehabilitation is criminal justice. (Banks, 2013).Criminal justice ethics focuses on enforcement of the law being guided by social institutions and values. A...

08 Feb 2016

Separation of power in Australian law

Essay - 3 pages - Other law subjects

Principally, it refers to constitution principle and ideology that offers check and balances to any power vested in any institution or person. Governmental authorities are divided into different branches for example, there is legislative arm that comprises of senate and parliament, executive...

16 Sep 2015

Comparative law : relationship between law and religion

Essay - 7 pages - Other law subjects

The promotion and securing of peaceful dispute settlement is typically one of the most critical, although difficult, objectives of the international legal system. The fundamental principles as well as methods, which govern the settlement of such disputes today, especially interstate disputes, are...

14 Sep 2015

Airline and pilot safety

Essay - 25 pages - Other law subjects

Safety has consistently been one of the primary concerns in the aviation industry. The crucial nature of safety in this sector is accentuated by the fact that most airplane accidents result in catastrophic loss of life. Such accidents also lead to incurrence of significant costs in terms of...