Digital innovation, impact of artificial intelligence, AI Artificial Intelligence, automation on jobs, automation on economy, robotics, IBM Watson, Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking
While it is certain that AI and robotics are already automating low-skilled jobs such as the job of the cashier, the argument of the article displays a dystopian and technological determinist point of view. The idea is that AI will destroy more jobs than it creates and that robots might take over the world. I disagree with the article's argument, because technological progress in AI can create new jobs, free up time and cash for humans and be a powerful productivity tool. However, as AI will likely destroy the middle class white-collar jobs, it might increase the inequality between the high income/well-educated classes and the rest of the population. In fact, AI tends to create high-skilled jobs in IT and professional services.
[...] Digital Innovation: the Impact of Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) and Automation on Jobs and the Economy While it is certain that A.I. and robotics are already automating low- skilled jobs such as the job of the cashier, the argument of the article displays a dystopian and technological determinist point of view. The idea is that A.I. will destroy more jobs than it creates and that robots might take over the world. I disagree with the article's argument, because technological progress in A.I. [...]
[...] Your A.I. Lawyer will see you now. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3589795/Your-A.I.-lawyer-IBM- s-ROSS-world-s-artificially-intelligent-attorney.html • Deloitte (2016). From brawn to brains, the impact of technology on jobs in the UK. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/uk/Documents/Growth/deloitte- uk-insights-from-brawns-to-brain.pdf • The Guardian (2016). Stephen Hawking: A.I. will be “either best or worst thing for humanity”. [...]
[...] Expert legal intervention through solicitors is always needed.' In this case, human intelligence prevails. The issue here is not about the future of high-skilled legal professions, but lower- skilled ones such as legal clerks and secretaries that will be replaced by A.I., allowing the lawyers to drive better profits. It would create an important inequality in terms of income and opportunity. According to Autor, technological progress can help middle-skilled workers to achieve more by allowing them to perform tasks they don't have the skills for. [...]
[...] create jobs is that human intelligence and A.I. are often complementary: as ATM machines were increasingly being used by banks, people thought bank tellers would lose their jobs. However, the number of bank tellers in the US rose from 500,000 to 550,000 from 1980 to 2010 despite the introduction of ATMs (Autor, 2015). The routine cash handling tasks were executed by ATMs, and it enabled bank tellers to become active in “relationship banking”, selling customers additional services such as loans, credit cards, investment products. [...]
[...] Electric cars are very beneficial for humanity, in a way that they don't produce any GHG emissions and could be one of the key ways to fight climate change. A.I. would have to be carefully regulated, as it might be used for instance by the military. But saying that it might “spell the end of the human race” (Stephen Hawking) sounds like an overly pessimistic vision of the future. Sources • Autor David H. (2016). Why are there still so many jobs? [...]
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