Individual behavior is dependent upon whether a person is in a group or not. Individuals act differently in accordance with their situation. A group is composed of a minimum of two people. There are Two types of groups that have been identified by Stephen P. Robbin (1996) - a formal and an informal group. The formal one is one in which the people's behavior is identified by the organization through assignments for example and the informal one has nothing at all to do with the organization and is not structured. The leadership concept has become increasingly important over the years for an organization . Consequently, psychology's basis requires some update in order to identify more effectively the transformations within an organization - especially the ones affected by globalization. This is why when it comes to human conflicts leadership is regularly questioned. Obviously those questions are not new. However the context makes them more relevant.
[...] This is for this reason, like we say before, human resources have a paramount importance when they hire somebody, how they manage the conflicts and they make sure that personalities correspond to the culture of the enterprise Conclusion This paper has provided an overview of an individual's behavior within an organization based on theories and diverse concepts. Leaders and followers, as it is explained in the second part, face different problems. Individuals, as a result, have to adapt themselves according to their position in the organization . [...]
[...] Firstly, forecasting and understanding individual behavior might be useful to people who need to deal with other people in organization . Secondly, as attitude can influence individuals' roles in an organization , it is important to take job satisfaction into consideration. By carefully matching people's personality with intellectual abilities regarding a job poor performance or stress can be avoided. Basically this part is about individual differences regarding personality and intelligence. However more factors can be investigated like cultural differences, attitudes differences or perception differences Personality's differences To introduce this part, the following definition of the word referring to personality traits, is given by Fincham R. [...]
[...] Projects require that people work together, so successful teamwork has become an important concept in organizations. Effective teams are an intermediary goal towards getting good, sustainable results. Industry has seen increasing efforts through training and cross-training to help people to work together more effectively and to accomplish shared goals and teambuilding days, company parties and fun days have become part of that cultural change to create successful teams by developing effective teamwork at many levels. "The old structures are being reformed. [...]
[...] However, the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (Sternberg, 1985) is the most relevant one to analyse human behavior in an organization . Sternberg's theory is divided in three concepts: Analytic, Creative and Practical intelligence; Analytical sub theory means that this theory focuses on academic problem- solving while practical sub theory, on the other hand, is the ability to understand and deal with everyday tasks. Finally, Creative sub theory is more about how individuals associate their internal world with the external one. [...]
[...] Although the concept of motivation is vital for an organization , the concept of job satisfaction is equally important since managers face some problems with employees' behavior like absenteeism. Regarding the motivation concept Finchman and Rhodes (1992) identify two groups: global and facet. The first one, as its name implies, is about individual's overall feelings” while the facet concept is about “particular aspects”. A good example to illustrate the second concept is where an employee may be extremely satisfied by his or her working environment but upset by a salary that is too low. [...]
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