Developing productive workplaces has long captured the attention of many organizations. Issues such as occupational stress and lack of teamwork can, however, hinder corporate development. Occupational stress has been researched extensively within the industrial-organization psychology literature. Studies have focused on workplace stress due to its negative impact on organizational as well as individual psychological and physical well-being. For example, research has consistently shown that stressors lead to absenteeism, cardiovascular disease, and depression (Ganster & Schaubroeck, 1991; Sauter & Murphy, 1995). Similarly, the criticality of teamwork to effective team performance has long been studied by many researchers. Yet, even with an increasing number of organizations using teams to accomplish tasks, little is known about how individuals affect on organization's productivity. This lack of understanding suggests that companies may not be obtaining the maximal benefits from teamwork. As a result, companies could suffer from poor organizational health such as low productivity, huge turnover and decreased customer satisfaction (Kelloway & Day, 2005). Recommendations and follow-up actions pertaining to reducing occupational stress and enhancing teamwork such as promoting social support, altruism, transformational leadership, backing up behaviors and team adaptation are suggested as ways to improve employees' well-being as well as better organizational health in the long run.
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[...] Also, to ensure Microsoft has maximally benefited from this consultation, the industrial- organizational psychologist needs to meet with company managers at a designated check point date and make any necessary adjustments to the recommendations. If Microsoft kept the above recommendations in mind and take the strengths and weaknesses of each recommendation into account, the company could potentially increase its productivity and sales record immensely. Above all, it is predicted that if these recommendations were implemented and used efficiently at Microsoft, employee job satisfaction as well as their well-being will thrive in the long run. [...]
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