The mission of supply chain management is to have processes integrated between the functions of the firm. Consequently, procurement, production, distribution, and marketing are members of a network. The vision of the supply chain management is to deliver value to customers. Moreover, the performance objectives are quality, speed, dependability, flexibility, and cost objectives. The objective of the report is to analyse the strategies a company needs to reach the objectives required at the inbound level to remain competitive. At first, to delimit boundaries, definitions of the main concepts are given, then several strategies are deeply analysed to manage to link procurement, sources, suppliers and production strategies. The definition of supply chain management has been evolving these past years partly because of an important transition from the concept of logistics to the one of supply chain management. According to Christopher (2005, p.5), supply chain management is "the management of upstream and downstream relationships with suppliers and customers to deliver superior customer value at less cost to the supply chain as a whole" (italics used by Christopher).
[...] At first, to delimit boundaries, definitions of the main concepts are given, then several strategies are deeply analysed to manage to link procurement, sources, suppliers and production strategies Definitions 2.1 Definitions The supply chain management The definition of supply chain management has been evolving these past years partly because of an important transition from the concept of logistics to the one of supply chain management. According to Christopher (2005, p.5), supply chain management is management of upstream and downstream relationships with suppliers and customers to deliver superior customer value at less cost to the supply chain as a whole” (italics used by Christopher) Strategy Coyle, Bardi, and Langley (1996, p.568) defines strategy as being course of action, a scheme, or a principal idea through which an organization or individual hopes to accomplish a specific objective or goal.” The supply chain management as modules To understand what is similar to procurement, sourcing, suppliers and production strategies, there is a need to schematise a supply chain. [...]
[...] These delays directly reverberate on the production that is slowed down or stopped Enhance procurement and supplier roles in new product development (Lambert, Stock, and Ellram, 1998) This strategy links procurement, suppliers, and sources as it concerns early supplier involvement (ESI) in product development. This technique allows engineers, designers, producers, and suppliers to resolve problems before they appear because they meet before the conception of the products. This process results in a better quality, responsiveness, and competitiveness from the supplier. [...]
[...] Coyle, Bardi, and Langley (1996) consider procurement as those activities necessary to acquire goods and services consistent with user requirements” (p.73) 3.4 Link between e-sourcing and e-procurement The aim of the e-sourcing is to optimize the upstream of the purchase by standardising and automating the research, the selection, and the negotiation with suppliers. The aim is to improve the buyer's knowledge and to increase their productivity. It may happen that the final negotiation is a reverse auction on the internet. [...]
[...] It is important to notice that all the functions in the supply chain management are interrelated, and there must have an agreement on strategies so that the firm remains competitive as the more integrated supply chain, the more efficient their collaboration. Thus, partnership is a key element for all the strategies in the supply chain management as it might involve sourcing, procurement, suppliers, and production. A strategy manager might not think of is to make a focus on the use of cross- functional teams for sourcing decisions. [...]
[...] Once more, e-sourcing and procurement have an important place in this innovative strategy Strategic inventory “Inventory exists because of the mismatch between supply and demand” (Chopra and Meindl p.56). Strategic inventory concerns efficient and effective logistics. They are also called lean and agile. Efficiency is in relation with cost strategies, more efficient systems to get economies of scale whereas effectiveness is correlated with timelines and speed. They are useful for controlling stock levels, their flow, and their expeditions. They adjust the delivery times to customers by lengthening or shortening it according to the needs. [...]
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