It is first important to understand management in general in order to understand how it had developed through the years from the 17th century until presents. The basic concept behind management is that it is the field in human behavior wherein the manager needs to plan, organize, direct, and control the human capital and financial resources that an organization has.
In this report, we will focus on the classical theory because this is the foundation in which all other theories have been developed. Classical management is also referred to as the traditional management. It focuses on the bureaucratic, scientific, and administrative management.
[...] theory is concerned about the overall environmental influences in the organization and how the organization should react to meet these situations. In this report, we will focus on the classical theory because this is the foundation in which all other theories have been developed. Classical management is also referred to as the traditional management. It focuses on the bureaucratic, scientific, and administrative management. Bureaucratic Management It was Max Weber, who is known as the Father of Modern Sociology, who stated that bureaucracy is the most rational structure for large organizations. [...]
[...] Frank and Lillian Gilbreth were also divided the elements into time and motion to enhance productivity Henry Gantt (1861-1919) still another person who championed the scientific management theory was Henry Gantt. He was the person who developed the Gantt chart which is used to schedule multiple tasks that overlap during a period of time. Henry Gantt also emphasized the effectiveness of rewarding good work instead of penalizing poor work output. The importance of leadership was also stated by Henry Gantt in an industrial organization. [...]
[...] In fact, you will notice that the movements of workers in assembly lines in manufacturing firms today are practiced because these workers are trained to move the way they do. Definitely, scientific management was very useful in improving the way business operates today. Administrative Management A. Management Principle This type of management principle emphasized the role of the manager and the functions of the management. In this regard, this kind of theory tries to generate broad principles in the organization that would serve as a guide to the rationalization of organizational activities. B. Followers of this theory 1. [...]
[...] He was able to redesign the job with a reduced number of movements and this design saved a lot of time and manpower. It also reduced the risk of errors. When the effectively of his method was measured, it was discovered that he was able to increase productivity to 47 tons per day from 12 tons Frank (1868-1924) and Lillian Gilbreth (1878-1972) still another champion of the scientific management theory are is the Gilbreth couple. They believed that it was possible to design methods by anticipating each motion that workers will take instead of relying on observations. [...]
[...] Current Practice Like the scientific management theory, the administrative management was also very influential in shaping the business environment as we see it today. Some of the best contribution of administrative management is letting the managers handle the right number of people to oversee the tasks properly. Conclusion However, dissimilar these two management theories may be in theory, when they are combined together, you can expect to have a more efficient production in any organization. The scientific management principle emphasized that efficiency is the most important aspect and that this can only be achieved through a better interaction between men and machine. [...]
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