Indus civilization is considered as the most mysterious civilization of the world because until now researchers have failed to provide a plausible explanation of the symbols and language found written on various tablets. Considered as an urban civilization far superior to that of summer civilization, Indus Valley civilization and its disappearance is considered as one of the biggest archaeological challenges still faced by the researchers.Discovered in first part of the last century, the major archaeological work on Indus Valley civilization started taking placing during the decade of 1921- 1931 however, after the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan- where this site is situated, have indicated towards new evidence of the extent of this civilization. However, what is so critical about this civilization is the fact that most of the evidence gathered from its major sites such as Mohan Jo Daro, Harappa and other sites indicate nothing about what this civilization actually was and as such a major part of Indian history is still undecipherable and unknown to the modern world.(Fitzsimons,1970).
[...] A Brief Introduction to the civilization The Indus civilization is considered as one of the finest urban civilizations of the world, and it is considerably different from other civilizations of Bronze Age.(Possehl,1990). During the excavation process at Mohan Jo daro site, the uncovered metropolitan sites were considered as one of the foremost centers of a civilization which was once a very formidable civilization spread all across what is now Pakistan. There are more than 1000 sites of the Indus valley civilization however its major centers are still located at Mohan Jo Daro and Harppa as both these cities are considered as the main centers of this great civilization. [...]
[...] Since Mohan Jo Daro was situated on the banks of Indus River therefore it is argued that a great flood could have resulted into the destruction of this city. The next section will discuss Indus Valley civilizations and its different sites such as Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Dholavira, Kot Diji, Rehman Dheri, Looking at aspects of civilization/state societies, trade architecture, economy, settlements, craft etc. Different sites of Indus Civilization Indus Civilization believed to be flourished largely under local influence and its characteristics are hardly similar to any other civilization of its time however, through its trade and commerce it seems to be connected with the external world. [...]
[...] Such diversified nature of archaeological evidence, therefore indicate that the either the civilization was spread over all the area with its major center located at the Mohan Jo Daro where King seemed to rule the entire country or being the dominant trade center within the neighborhood, the civilization of Indus greatly influenced its neighboring civilizations and gradually converted them to adopt its cultural values and other traits. There are many theories which attempt to contemplate on the reasons for the destruction of this civilization. [...]
[...] Though this civilization was mostly agrarian in nature however trade was also frequent, and it has also been established that Indus Civilization had the trading links with Central Asian countries as well as China and Mesopotamia. The religious values, the sophistication of technology and agriculture techniques as well as a tax collection system clearly indicate that this civilization was indeed homogenous. Reference list 1. Allchin, Bridget (1982). The rise of civilization in India and Pakistan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,.[Assessed 20 April 2009]. Available from World Wide Web: < http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=r4s- YsP6vcIC&pg=PA148&lpg=PA148&dq=Rahman+Dheri&source=bl&ots=9Y6HJeyv3u&si g=vb6iT10LXw2h39Px_Ywdsccvnvk&hl=en&ei=deDzSbTgBo- BkQXU9bXeCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2#PPA152,M1> Fitzsimons, Matthew A. (1970). The Indus Valley Civilization. The History Teacher [...]
[...] What is also evident is the fact that this civilization had put in place an effective tax collection system because a part of the agriculture produce was given to public granaries. This system seems to be perfect although this civilization advocated private property and enterprise and most of the inhabitants were either traders or the farmers raising their own agriculture output for sell as well as their private consumption besides contributing towards public granaries. Harappa Harappa, the so called twin city of Mohan Jo Daro also believed to possess the same characteristics because there is striking similarity in the way both cities were planned. [...]
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