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Essays in modern history 121 to 150

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15 Jan 2009
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Mao's reforms: A total failure?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

“In time of difficulties, we must not lose sight of our achievements.” This quotation from the Communist leader Mao Tse-Tung (1893-1976) could perfectly apply to his economic policy. When Mao came to power in October 1949, China was out of a decade of war and its economy was still very...

15 Jan 2009
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Genocide: The case of Rwanda

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The situation in Darfur illustrates the difficulties the international community faces when it comes to deal with acts of genocide. Genocide has been defined as a crime in international law, an international Convention has been signed and international tribunals have been created to try...

15 Jan 2009
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Did Thatcherism bring an end to the 'post-war consensus?'

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

Since 1979 the so-called 'Thatcher experiment' or the 'Thatcherism' was at the centre of many debates, partly because Mrs Thatcher's government has broken with many features of the postwar consensus and partly because her government's record is contested (Kavanagh, 1987,...

15 Jan 2009
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Was the Great Famine of greater significance for the histories of subsequent generations than for those of the period 1845 - 50?

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

Ireland in the beginning of the 1840's had a population of eight million inhabitants of whom more than four-fifths lived on the land and it was one of the most densely populated countries in Europe. The prosperous phase which prevailed in Ireland at the beginning of the 1840's was unfortunately...

15 Jan 2009
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Abraham Lincoln

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

Abraham Lincoln is considered to be one of the greatest American presidents who expressed himself as not simply a forceful war while demonstrating the vast power inherent in the presidency, but as a dictator, albeit in many accounts a benevolent and constitutional dictator. Lincoln, it is said,...

15 Jan 2009
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Pragmatism and idealism in the process of nation-building (1781-1788)

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

“Idealism without pragmatism is impotent. Pragmatism without idealism is meaningless. The key to effective leadership is pragmatic idealism.” (Richard Nixon). Were the very first years of the new nation, born of the American Revolution, marked by a “spirit of pragmatic...

15 Jan 2009
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South Africa: Colonial expansion and British consolidation

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

History of South Africa's colonization is undoubtedly one of the most complex, partly due to the fact that several colonizing nations and several native tribes were in interaction. What kind of evolutions knew South Africa from the second part of the 17th century to the end of the 19th century...

15 Jan 2009
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When the Japanese moved into Southeast Asia in 1941, local reactions to the occupying forces differed greatly. Evaluate the motivations that fueled these varying responses, taking into consideration particular local situations and periods of the war

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Raising the question of the reactions to the Japanese takeover in Southeast Asia is very delicate and original for many reasons. Firstly, Southeast Asia is a broad region and it is most likely that the reactions of locals will differ greatly from one place to another. Secondly,...

13 Jan 2009
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Preparing the Great War: The Schlieffen Plan

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

Between 1905 and 1914, due to the instability of Europe dominated by alliances, every country in Europe was preparing for the war and developing war plans and strategies, which had to suit their conceptions of the war. Germany, which was allied with Austria-Hungary (which had a poor army), feared...

13 Jan 2009
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What to call the genocides of the Second World War and why?

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

“Historians are not always trustful guides when we have to reconstitute past”. Those words, of Lucy DAWIDOWICZ -an American historian who wrote quite a lot of books about the historiography of genocides- directly aimed at criticizing historians of genocides, who treated the...

12 Jan 2009
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"The major parties of the Federal Republic of Germany provide better models of the 'catch-all party' (Kirchheimer) than do those of the French Fifth Republic and post-war Italy." Discuss

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The Post war period was characterized by move towards spreading secular and mass consumer-goods societies. This note is valid in the Federal Republic of Germany, the French Fifth Republic, and post-war Italy. This major turn in societies had to be understood by political parties and translated in...

12 Jan 2009
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The Constituent Assembly (1789-1791) and its major reforms during the French Revolution

Essay - 2 pages - Modern history

The Constituent Assembly is the Assembly in power in France between July, 9th 1789 and September, 30th 1791. On July 9th 1789, the National Assembly (created on 17th June) proclaims itself the Constituent National Assembly. This means its primary task will be to draw up a Constitution and adopt...

12 Jan 2009
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Discuss the origins of the French Revolution - economically, politically, socially, and ideologically

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

“Great revolutions which succeed make the causes which produced them disappear, and thus become incomprehensible because of their own success” (1), wrote Alexis de Tocqueville one hundred and fifty years ago. Yet, we will try all the same to understand what the origins of the French...

12 Jan 2009
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Impact of the French Revolution on 19th century France

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

It is quite difficult to discuss the impact of the French revolution on the French society for the country had difficulty accessing stability in the 19th century. Indeed the intervening decades witnessed four major upheavals: in the 1790s, 1830, 1848 and 1870, which brought a whole variety of...

12 Jan 2009
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Transition Macedonia

Essay - 20 pages - Modern history

Throughout the centuries, the South-eastern corner of Europe has been the scene of many invasions and transcending civilizations. This left the trace of different cultures, religions and empires. One of the most evident cleavages in the region is religious cleavage between the Catholic Church,...

09 Jan 2009
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The civil rights movement - From counters to subs

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

The Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery (speech by Lincoln Sept.23nd 1862 ? 13th amendment in 1865); the 14th amendment declared everyone equal and the 15th gave the right to vote provided some very restrictive conditions were met. Between the Civil War and the 50's, however, the...

18 Dec 2008
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The truths we cling to: Un-Americanism and the Dies Committee

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

What does it mean to be ‘un-American?' For most of the twentieth century, a congressional committee took upon itself the mission of defining that vague and often misused term. The committee went through different iterations and attacked different targets. By 1946, one thing was clear: the...

18 Dec 2008
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The effect of black soldiers in the Civil War

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

Throughout the history of the United States, Africans and African-Americans have consistently been treated as second-class citizens. This prejudice is most apparent and appalling in the system of slavery that lasted for more than two hundred years in the United States. In the 1800's tensions over...

09 Dec 2008
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The battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

The year is 1942. Nazi gains in the Soviet Union and North Africa have brought the Allies to the verge of destruction, while Japan continues to conquer island after island in the Pacific. Even Australia is in full panic mode, as occupied New Guinea seems likely to serve as the staging point for...

25 Nov 2008
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The historical conditions for the emergence of youth in Italian society

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

To analyze history is to delve into a world of a complex mixture of social, political, economic, and technological interaction. Indeed, it is these elements that define and furthermore provide some form of a substantive characterization of the civilizations and societal structures that have...

19 Nov 2008
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The Meiji restoration and the dawning of Japanese modernity

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

The Meiji Ishin, or Meiji Restoration culminated in 1868 in the abolition of the feudal Tokugawa bakufu and made way for the modern, Westernized Japan. The mid nineteenth century was a time of vast development around the world, and Japan was falling behind the industrialized...

18 Nov 2008
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Analyzing Oswald's relationship with the FBI

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The United States intelligence community is comprised of people who live their lives according to a code of conduct and the orders they receive from superior members of their hierarchical “family”. Members of the Federal Bureau of Investigation work closely with the United...

18 Nov 2008
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Aboriginal Australians - Black response to white dominance 1788 - 1980

Essay - 8 pages - Modern history

It seems that a sad hallmark of indigenous peoples is their oppression and systematic elimination at the hands of foreigners. The Native American marginally survives today after centuries of conflict with Europeans. The Ainu of Japan were nearly entirely wiped out by half a millennium of...

17 Nov 2008
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How Peter the Great's window to the West empowered Russia

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

It was during Peter the Great's reign that Russia emerged as a prevailing European power. This advancement of Russia into European affairs would be accredited to Peter's introduction of Western technological, cultural, military and political ideas and customs. Peter's changes would begin during...

17 Nov 2008
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How imperial Asian activity contributed to the causes of the First World War

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

Imperialism is the policy of expanding national territory and influence. Throughout the nineteenth century Europe immersed itself in an embroiled colonial race that caused rivalries and friendships that were forever altering with every move. Central and eastern Asia was an area of particular...

11 Nov 2008
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Ending the reign of a crime king: The taking down of Al Capone

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

The city of Chicago, Illinois has experienced numerous monumental periods and events during its history. From the famous Chicago Fire to the creation of the world's tallest building, it is quite easy to declare Chicago's past to be very eventful. With any form of history, there...

11 Nov 2008
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Trials and Triumphs: A look at the leadership of the nation of Islam 1930-2005

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

The Nation of Islam is defined as “a religious and political organization founded in the United States in 1930 with a declared aim of resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social and economic condition of the Black man and woman of America and the world.” When the Nation of Islam...

31 Oct 2008
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The battle of Shiloh

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

Before day break of June 6, 1862, Federal troops discovered that Confederate soldiers were nearby. This occurred in Pittsburgh Landing, Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh was just beginning and it would become one of the most significant and perhaps must misunderstood battles of the...

06 Oct 2008
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The South African crime wave

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

In 1997 South Africa had the highest murder rate in the world.1 For the period 1998 - 2000, it slipped to number two, losing the top spot to Colombia, but retained the number one position (per capita) in murders with firearms, rapes, and assaults.2 While there is some...

30 Sep 2008
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The German threat to the democracy, the economy and morality of the United States

Essay - 9 pages - Modern history

When the origin of the United States' entrance into World War II is reviewed Pearl Harbor is the event that justified American intervention. Once bombs were dropped in Hawaii the U.S. had no choice but to declare war on Japan. The United States' values and interests were...