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05 Sep 2023

Tracts, Volume 1, n° 2 - Peter Force (1836) - Civilisation and History of America according to Peter Force

Text commentary - 1 pages - Medieval history

The text presented is an abstract of Tracts, volume 1 number 2, written by Peter Force in 1836, in Washington DC. The first part is an abstract of the Mayflower Compact, a pact written by the Pilgrim Fathers in 1620 during a trip between Plymouth, England and Plymouth, Massachusetts. The second...

18 Aug 2023

Migration in the United States from 1862 to the end of the 19th century

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

"We asked for workers. We got people instead". If this is the way Max Frisch has considered immigration in Europe in the early twentieth century, then rather as a burden than an opportunity, we need to observe that this comes as a completely different matter within the American vision, for which...

12 Jul 2023

Early Modern History

Worksheets - 21 pages - Modern history

Contrary to the contemporary definition, the cities of the early modern era were not defined only according to a threshold of number of inhabitants, continuity of buildings, or command functions. During the Old Regime, a city was certainly a densely populated space, but it was also surrounded by...

29 Jun 2023

Black Slaves' Life

Presentation - 2 pages - Medieval history

This document contains slides explaining the life history of black slaves.

27 May 2023

Spaces and exchanges

Essay - 2 pages - World geography

In this notion, we talk about Spaces and Exchanges. It is first about the immigration in Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954, it's the legal immigration. To continue with legal immigration, we talk about the Green Card Lottery. Then we can talk about the illegal immigration with the example of...

27 May 2023

How did the situation of blacks evolve in the US?

Essay - 2 pages - Modern history

When Martin Luther king was young, he had two white friends. They were Martin Luther King's neighbours. One day the mother forbade her boys to play with him. Martin Luther king was sad. Martin Luther King's mother spoke about the civil war to explain herself. It was a war between the...

25 May 2023

Phrases (Peace - Defense - Disarmament) and... bases - Viktor Govorkov (1952) - Relations between the United States and the USSR in the early 1950s

Artwork commentary - 2 pages - Modern history

On March 12, 1947, the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman, announced his concern about the "Communist threat" before Congress. He thus establishes the American doctrine: "I believe that the United States should support free peoples who resist attempts at enslavement [...]. I believe...

25 May 2023

How is the violence against populations expressed during the Second World War?

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

The Great War resulted in the brutalisation of society and the emergence of totalitarian regimes, which had enormous repercussions on the civilian populations during the Second World War. Totalitarian regimes are political regimes based on a single party, on political police, on the...

22 May 2023

The Birth of a Nation: North America

Course material - 5 pages - Medieval history

From the period of English colonization to the attainment of independence, various groups of migrants, including the French and Spanish, played significant roles. However, our focus will be on the English migrants who were instrumental in shaping the course of history during this era. The...

09 Mar 2023

Water and Power: A Californian Heist - Marina Zenovich (2017) - The Access to Clean Water in California

Artwork commentary - 3 pages - World geography

California, a state known for its sunny weather and lush agriculture, is facing a water crisis that threatens its very survival. "Water and Power: A Californian Heist" is a documentary that exposes the shocking truth behind this crisis, revealing how corporate greed and political corruption have...

23 Jan 2023

First Address on Chernobyl - Mikhail Gorbachev (1986) - How does Gorbachev depict the Chernobyl disaster?

Text commentary - 4 pages - Modern history

The Chernobyl disaster is considered as the worst nuclear disaster in history. Experts agree on the death of approximately thirty people from immediate blast trauma, but there is a debate on the accurate number of projected deaths due to the long-term health effects. The estimation is around...

05 Jan 2023

Russian Appropriation of Ukrainian Culture

Presentation - 13 pages - Modern history

The history of Slavic people begins around 3,000 years ago in the Pripiat marches. Slavs slowly expand in all directions and find little principalities all over the place. In the 9th century, a Viking by the name of Rurik comes to rule over northern Slavs. In the year 988, King Volodymir baptizes...

03 Oct 2022

American Cultural Aspects for Business

Course material - 11 pages - Modern history

America has been created from the East to the West. The West is a concept in history, for an American it is often associated with the idea of frontier. In the 19th century St-Louis (Missouri) was considered as the gate way to the West, when people went to the West they went directly to Oregon or...

30 Sep 2022

What Were the Greatest 20th Century Innovations?

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

As a century of great significance in our modern society, the twentieth century succeeds the Industrial Revolution and was dominated by the first two World Wars, the Cold War, and transformations of the political and social structures across the globe. It was also the time of great technological...

06 Sep 2022

Theories and Critiques Against Military Revolution

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

The term military revolution refers to theories that try to explain a series of drastic changes in the military over a period of time. It led to many changes that lasted for a long time in the politics and society in Europe. Michael Robert was the introducer of this theory in the year 1950 as he...

06 Sep 2022

The Role of Industrial Production in Labour Organizing

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Modern history

A look back at the development of the labour movement in Niagara can be traced back to the commercial capitalism facilitated by the construction of the well and canal. In this period, the majority of waged workers involved in the construction were unskilled laborers. Their lack of skills became...

06 Sep 2022

Working People in Alberta - Alvin Finkel (2012) - Labour Movements in Alberta

Text commentary - 3 pages - Modern history

Working People in Alberta by Alvin Finkel traces the history of labour in the country during the first nation's residence to the current occupants. The book describes the movement from interviews with ordinary citizens, activists, and labour leaders. It also draws inspiration from...

09 Aug 2022

How was the perception of Arab Spring and pan-Arabism by local and western approaches?

Essay - 7 pages - Modern history

If the Arab Spring has been largely diffused as an unprecedented wave of revolutionary moves into the Arabic world, its connections to a wider global history have often been limited to the tricky issue of pan-Arabism and its underlying questions about nationalism. It all started on December 17,...

01 Aug 2022

History of the Constitution of the United States

Course material - 2 pages - Modern history

In May 1776, Congress passed a resolution advising the colonies to form new governments. By 1777, 11 states had drawn up their own Constitutions (which contained the ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence). Those Constitutions were influenced by democratic ideas (role of Enlightenment...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: demography and energy in the world as predictable long-term factors

Course material - 11 pages - World geography

The current policy, and even more the future policy of any country is difficult to assess, because it depends on a lot of factors, many of them (public moods, politics, personalities) being of a transient nature. But the current and future policy of any country also depends largely on long-term...

01 Aug 2022

The Wilsonian tradition and its limits (1914-1945)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

President Wilson (1913-1920) renounced isolationism, which was the American tradition since Monroe: in agreement with his progressive agenda, he believed the US had to act abroad. He promoted a new internationalist doctrine. But he failed to convince either the foreign partners of the US, or, at...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The Sources and Tools of American Foreign Policy

Course material - 8 pages - Modern history

There is undoubtedly an American exceptionalism: the US considers itself since the 18th century to be different from Europe. It has seen itself from the beginning as a universal model: the “American way of life” (linking most strongly liberal democracy and free enterprise, two notions...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World - The Reagan Revolution

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

Ronald Reagan was elected president in November 1980. It was a return to more liberalism, to more individual responsibility, a move towards deregulation of the economy in a more and more globalized world. Reagan was convinced that this return to liberalism was the only way to overcome the...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The US and the Cold War (1945-1980)

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

The goal of this document is to stress the main thrust of American strategy in the Cold War in order to understand the legacy of the Cold War on American foreign policy today. The main structures of US foreign policy and foreign policy establishment and instruments, still in place today, were...

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the end of the Cold War (1989-1990)

Course material - 4 pages - Modern history

President George H. Bush was elected in November 1988. He had to steer the end of the Cold War, 1989-1990. His team was different from Reagan's, although he had been his vice-president: there were no neo-conservatives; the new Administration was more adept of Kissinger's prudent line....

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the World: Globalization in Historical Perspective

Course material - 8 pages - Modern history

The concept of globalization is not new: in his Communist Manifesto, in 1848, Karl Marx underlined that the bourgeoisie needed constantly expanding markets. Some distinctions are important. Globalization happens, or at least is discussed, in the context of several different fields, in which it...

31 Jul 2022

The United States and the World - Russia and China

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

At the beginning of his first term, President Bush neglected Russia and considered China as the next major geopolitical adversary. At the same time, American analysts were quite confident that Washington would be able to manage the "Geostrategic Triad" between Washington, Moscow and Beijing to...

31 Jul 2022

Towards a Federation of Nation-States? - From the Milan summit to the Nice one (1985-2000)

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

To try to describe the aim of the European Construction at the beginning of the 90ies, Jacques Delors, president of the European Commission from 1985 to 1995, invented the concept of a Federation of Nation-States. An oxymoron? What does national sovereignty become in such a system? But still it...

29 Jul 2022

Towards a Kind of European Constitution? From the Saint-Malo Franco-British Meeting to the Lisbon Treaty (1998-2007)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

In 1998, Prime Minister Blair had to realize that the fact that GB did not participate in the Euro would actually marginalize her inside the European Union. He decided to recover the initiative, and to take up the subject of European defense, where GB could contribute in an important way, because...

29 Jul 2022

Towards a European Confederation? From de Gaulle's Return to Power to the Milan European Summit (1958-1985)

Course material - 6 pages - Modern history

After the failure of the federal concept and the more prudent approach of the Rome Treaties, for about 30 years, the European Economic Community (EEC) seemed to develop more along the concept of a European Confederation, not a Federation, as envisioned by the Founding Fathers, Robert Schuman or...