Nuclear energy, renewable energy, electricity, security risks, climate change, ecological transition, strategic resources, radioactive waste management, health risks, Fukushima, French nuclear feet, environmental organizations, wind turbine, High Council for the Climate, nuclear waste, wind power, solar power, carbon-free energy
From a social, economic and political point of view, the subject of energy transition is more relevant than ever in France. Indeed, the energy transition aimed at reducing the consumption of fossil fuels, fighting against global warming and promoting renewable energies are major challenges for our society.
France, the world's second-largest producer of nuclear energy after the United States, must think about the future of this energy source in terms of electricity production and possible withdrawal. This issue has become all the more important as France recently announced its ambition to reduce its share of nuclear power from 75% to 50% by 2035, while increasing the share of renewable energies in its electricity production.
Security in the production of energy is an important element of opinion. Nuclear production and the associated risks are major concerns. Although safety standards have evolved considerably, there are still concerns about the possibility of serious accidents and their consequences. Renewable energies, on the other hand, do not seem to present the same security risks according to the opinion of the sample. This notion of danger was recurrent in our sampling.
[...] By responding to this issue, we could therefore have a better understanding of the issues of energy transition in France and the challenges to be met to achieve a more sustainable and resilient energy system, while responding to current climate and environmental challenges. Method It is relevant to detail what we have put in place to carry out our study. We have developed a protocol in order to obtain a problem and some answers. First, we defined the research question. We have clearly defined the subject and the associated objectives. [...]
[...] major impact on nuclear activity due to water scarcity and rising sea levels. These factors highlight the risks facing the nuclear industry in France. Regarding the dangerousness and risks of the various energy production sectors, it emerges that the production of nuclear energy is synonymous with danger in a certain part of the public. Events like Fukushima or Chernobyl have had a very strong impact on global opinion on nuclear production and contribute to the opinion that nuclear is more dangerous. [...]
[...] In conclusion, the debate on nuclear power and renewable energies gives rise to divergent opinions, particularly on the costs of the different energies. Some, like Loïc le Floch Prigent, former CEO of an oil company and Laurent Wauquiez, a right-wing politician, argue that nuclear power is an abundant, cheap and competitive source of energy, essential to ensure sufficient production and preserve our energy independence. They underline the risks of shortages and high prices linked to the gradual abandonment of nuclear power. [...]
[...] Hazards and risks Security in the production of energy is an important element of opinion. Nuclear production and the associated risks are major concerns. Although safety standards have evolved considerably, there are still concerns about the possibility of serious accidents and their consequences. Renewable energies, on the other hand, do not seem to present the same security risks according to the opinion of the sample. This notion of danger was recurrent in our sampling. Opinions converge in not qualifying nuclear energy as a production that is more dangerous than any other. [...]
[...] Data analysis Whether France can transition from nuclear to renewables is hotly debated and raises several key issues to consider. These recurring themes that have been detected in the corpus of the selected texts are the productive capacity of nuclear power compared to that of renewable energies, the cost of these different methods, the risks and dangers for the environment and for humans and finally the question of energy sobriety. Productive capacity The subject of electricity, nuclear and renewable energy production capacity is the theme that comes up most often in our corpus. [...]
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