Unemployment in Brazil, economic recession, health crisis, national production, productivity, GDP Gross Domestic Product, job creation
With an area of 8,514,876 km², Brazil is one of the five largest countries in the world. It is located in Latin America and borders seven countries, some of which are Argentina, Bolivia and Uruguay. Brazil is also the eighth-largest country in the world with a GDP of 2054 billion dollars. The country currently has a population of approximately 213 million. However, Brazil's growing population can be quite problematic for the Brazilian authorities as it creates an increase in unemployment, which currently stands at 14.8 million or 14.7%. Unemployment in turn is a source of many ills in Brazil. This situation leads us to study Brazilian unemployment, which can be seen as a lack of employment of people actively seeking work.
The problematic that arise will be to show how the phenomenon of unemployment impacts Brazil both economically and in its development.
Our work will therefore consist in showing first the evolution of unemployment in Brazil before highlighting its influence on the economy, and the perspectives to alleviate the different problems.
[...] The Lula government, like the Dilma Rousseff government, had built a jewel of growth and development on raw materials such as minerals, even lifting millions of unemployed from their situation. But the situation was no longer the same and the putsch --had negatively impacted the labour market by more than 12% in record time. The health crisis of 2020 The Coronavirus pandemic was a universal problem of concern to the authorities. The natural need to interact freely with one's fellow man was restricted. The Brazilian labour market suffered as the unemployment rate stood at the highest rate since 2017. [...]
[...] Indeed, more than 400,000 deaths were recorded in 2020, not to mention the negative effect on employment and the labour market. Statistics have shown a rapid increase in the unemployment rate in the Brazilian state. This is because the small trades that provided services closed down and did not develop. The owners had to lay off and reduce their staff in order to cover the costs of their business. The number of closed businesses has been increasing for more than 3 years. [...]
[...] It is also worth noting that unemployment in Brazil does not only affect the local population, but also other countries such as those in Latin America that depend mainly on Brazil's internal production. Unemployment appears to be both a social and an economic problem, and the mechanisms established to reduce it are often ineffective. Cyclical policies are only marginally likely to reduce the phenomenon of unemployment. Thus, strict measures for Brazil must be adopted in the long term with government involvement. [...]
[...] The Brazilian state had to deal with a large population that was increasingly becoming a burden rather than a benefit. Another analysis could be made of unemployment as a source of delinquency. Indeed, Brazilian families lacking the means to look after their families are tempted to commit crimes and theft. There is an increase in delinquency according to the unemployment rate. Unemployment varies in the same proportions as delinquency. And this was another problem for the Brazilian government, which had to react and spend more money to alleviate the problem. [...]
[...] The problematic that arise will be to show how the phenomenon of unemployment impacts Brazil both economically and in its development. Our work will therefore consist in showing first the evolution of unemployment in Brazil before highlighting its influence on the economy, and the perspectives to alleviate the different problems. The evolution of unemployment in Brazil The putsch and the economic recession of 2015-2016 The growth of the unemployment rate has never been so alarming for Brazil. Explicitly, until 2015, unemployment was under control before the deep economic recession of 2015 to 2016 which was a source of economic complication for Brazil. [...]
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