The function of financial market is to facilitate the transfer of funds, from surplus sector (lenders) to deficit sector (borrower). Normally householders have excess of funds or saving, which they lend to a borrower in the corporate and public sector. Whose requirement of funds far exceeds their savings? A financial market consists of investors or buyers, sellers, dealers and does not refer to physical location. Formal trading rules and communication network for originating and trading financial securities link the participants in the market. As elsewhere in the world, the Indian Financial System consists of the following.
The capital market provides the framework in which savings and investment take place. On one hand it enables companies to raise resources from the people, investor and on the other it facilities household to invest their savings in industrial and commercial activities. Those saving instruments that can be bought or sold freely are called securities. These include a range of products like debt and equity, which can be traded. The market where such trader takes place is called the securities market and comprises the various exchanges, intermediaries and its regulatory institutions.
Deals with the issues of new instruments by the corporate sector such as equity shares, preference shares and debentures. The public sector consisting of central and state government, various public sector industrial units (psu's), statutory and other authorities such state electricity boards and port trusts also issue bonds. The primary market in which public issues of securities are made through a prospectus is a retail market and there is no physical location. Direct mailing, advertisements and brokers reach the investors. Screen based trading eliminates the need for trading floor.
[...] In addition to the above, many banks and financial institutions such as Canara Bank, IFCI, HDFC, ICICI, SBH, Indian Overseas Bank, Bank of Baroda, etc. are providing the facility of the dematerialization. CLEARING MEMBER CLEARING ACCOUNTS: Trade done at Stock Exchange in a particular settlement has to be settled through the clearing member (through whom trade is done). For this purpose, there is a clearing account of the clearing member (the broker). He collects in this account; securities sold by different clients and deliver the same to the exchange. [...]
[...] Frequent trading is generally contrary to the recommendations of financial theory, ultimately, it's possible for e-brokerages to allow inceptors to trade frequently at very low or even bid-ask spread that is pushed back by the market maker. At the same time, the investor may be unaware of the indirect costs incurred with each trade. Third, the evolution of electronic trading may increase market fragmentation in the short run. E-brokerages may increasingly channel trades away from low direct commissions, market fragmentation may have a negative impact on prices, increasing the bid-ask spread and potential for arbitrage opportunities. [...]
[...] NSCCL-OTCEL clearing Madras stock exchange Ltd Ahmedabad stock exchange Ltd Markets types: Depending on requirements and rules CC / SE decides and activities various market types, (Normal, Rolling market, Auction Rolling, Corporate on action, T2T, MF etc.,) Pay-in deadline: The time set by Clearing Corporation to take the available shares in pool accounts of members. Pay-out time: Generally payout time will be bank timing. Auto delivery out: This is a facility offered by clearing corporation by which it ill create the delivery obligation of member automatically and the CM does not have to give delivery out instruction. [...]
[...] In view of the existing net-working facilities available with the exchange for online trading through WAN, the commencement of commodities market will ensure the optimal utilization of the existing infrastructure with efficient clearing, settlement and guarantee system, delivery system, transparency in operations and trading experience and expertise in similar business. The Online Commodities Trading with WAN connectivity will minimize the middlemen operation and provide prices support to the producers. BRIEFLY ABOUT BSE AND NSE BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE: The stock exchange Mumbai, popularly known as ‘BSE' was established in 1875 as native share and stock brokers association”. [...]
[...] Rights / Bonus, Dividend record dates, book closer dates, financial results other scrip related information stock exchange, news, political and other news will be received & entered by the market operations & broadcast to all the user workstations. Other market news is also available at the BWS. Similarly prices of the various scripts in this stock exchange can be made available using the VECTOR software in the form of new feeds to be passed on to the respective agency. TRADING SESSION: The trading session is from 10.00 to 3.30 pm on all weekdays i.e. [...]
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