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29 Sep 2010

Evaluate Charles Taylor's arguments against neutralist liberalism

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

Every society needs cohesion to survive. However, we are likely to have different views on how to implement and manage this cohesion. In this context, the state has a primary role regarding this task as it is often seen as the only alternative to anarchy. The question then arises as to the basis...

29 Sep 2010

Interest groups and voter ignorance

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Certain interest groups are often depicted as pursuing only their self-interest. They are supposed to "push government to enact policies that benefit small constituencies at the expense of the general public". These criticisms lead to the creation of a new word: lobbying, which designates the...

29 Sep 2010

How effective is the communitarian critique of liberalism? Use Rawls, Sendel and McIntyre to organise your arguments

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Communitarianism is a political and social philosophy that emphasizes the importance of community in the functioning of political life, in the analysis and evaluation of political institutions, and in understanding human identity and well-being. It was developed in the 1980s and '90s in...

29 Sep 2010

The debate of the carrying of arms in the United State and the role of the NRA (National Rifle Association)

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The question of the regulation of handguns is 'one of the most divisive social issues in American society' because 'firearms in general, and handguns in particular, are emblematic of individual autonomy and freedom from government intrusion' . This debate is actually...

29 Sep 2010

Mel Lastman, Mayor of a Megacity (Toronto: 1998-2003)

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Melvin Douglas 'Mel' Lastman was born to Polish-Jewish immigrants in 1933. He entered into politics in 1969, after having created a chain of stores in the area of Toronto. According to legend, at the age of 22, he borrowed $2,000 and a truck to open his first appliance store; and the...

29 Sep 2010

Security and emancipation

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

The 20th century has witnessed many struggles for emancipation, and a strong emphasis put on security agenda in many countries. Regarding emancipation, many examples come to our mind like the decolonization era, after World War II, the feminist struggles for equality between genders all over the...

29 Sep 2010

How does Gramsci understand social cohesion and consent?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Antonio Gramsci is without doubt, a spiritual follower of Marxism. Drawing the consequences of his experiences of worker's movements and communist party politics, as well as of his numerous readings and philosophical influences, he has greatly contributed to the evolution of Marxist thought...

29 Sep 2010

Three ideas of contractualism : the ones of Locke, Rousseau and Rawls

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

“The great non sequitur committed by defenders of the State, including the classical Aristotelian and Thomist philosophers, is to leap from the necessity of society to the necessity of the State” , noted the American anarcho-capitalist Murray N. Rothbard (1926-1995). Indeed, what...

29 Sep 2010

The provision of welfare in the United Kingdom

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

Among all the typologies, which exist within Welfare States, most authors classify the United Kingdom as a 'liberal state'. For example, Titmuss sees the United Kingdom as a 'residual model of social policy', where the needs are met by the state only when the private market and...

29 Sep 2010

How useful are Marxist theories of Capitalist world hegemony?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Even if the word "hegemony? linguistically comes from the Greek "egemon? meaning leader or ruler, one can find the roots of this word in Marxist thought as it was first used by Russian Social-Democrats from the late 1890's through the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. Nevertheless, since the...

29 Sep 2010

What is the role of IO's - IGO's and NGO's - regarding hostage takings and kidnappings in the world?

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

Today hostage taking is considered as a crime or as a terrorist act. Indeed, hostage taking is one of the many ways of action of the terrorists because, by this way, they can put pressure on States and thus obtain an important media coverage. The hostage taking is one of the favourite ways of...

29 Sep 2010

Case study: To what extent did the democratization process cause Côte d'Ivoire to collapse?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

Between 1960 and 1990, Côte d'Ivoire was regarded as a model of state stability and state efficiency. But in 2002 the Ivorian State completely collapsed. At the same time the level of democracy in Côte d'Ivoire went up between 1990 and 2002, leading the country from a paternalistic...

29 Sep 2010

Differences and similarities among the contemporary security policies in Nordic countries

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

“Since 1720, all the Nordic countries have remained minor powers on the international stage. As such, the Nordic states have had to adapt to the constraints that are usually beyond their control.” This statement could summarize the geopolitical situation which has shaped the...

29 Sep 2010

Calhoun, Tocqueville and Lincoln's views on tyranny

Thesis - 7 pages - Political science

As the virtues and advantages of democracy were rediscovered at the end of the eighteenth century, so were its defects and drawbacks. Most authors, including Tocqueville, were faced with an empirical and theoretical vacuum in describing this new regime which began to rise in America and in France...

29 Sep 2010

Cosmopolitanism according to Kant, Negri, and Hardt

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

What is cosmopolitanism? The etymology of the word goes back to Ancient Greek, and is composed of the words kosmos, world, and polites, citizen. Cosmopolitanism should therefore be a theory of world politics, of a world in which a single shared political order would rule and of which every...

29 Sep 2010

What is governmentality? Is it a useful concept?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Although the concept of governmentality was elaborated in Foucault's last years, its philosophical premises are to be found in many of his earlier publications. From 1961 (Madness and Civilization) to 1984 (The History of Sexuality) , he explored various forms of powers and...

29 Sep 2010

Should Turkey be admitted into the European Union ?

Essay - 14 pages - Political science

Although many people believe the debate regarding the admission of Turkey into the European Union (EU) is recent, it actually dates back to 1959, just two years after the signing of the Rome Treaty, which created the EU (see appendix 1). In July 1959, Turkey asked for an association agreement...

29 Sep 2010

The subprime crisis

Essay - 10 pages - Political science

Edward Gramlich in his presentation during the Jackson Hole yearly central bankers symposium of August 31, 2007, said that, 'productivity often improves in fits and starts, in other words, booms and busts play a prominent role. In the 19th century, the United States benefited from the canal...

29 Sep 2010

Is realism still a relevant theory?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

International Relations have traditionally focused on the State and its ability to survive. Major theories of international relations try to adequately explain and therefore predict security developments and constructing international relations in the world in which we live. The predominant...

29 Sep 2010

Can the proliferation of nuclear weapons of mass destruction be halted?

Essay - 4 pages - Political science

Proliferation is a traditional issue of International Security and has always been at the heart of strategic analysis. In the last few weeks, the International Community has been worried about the situation in Pakistan. General Musharaff proclaimed a state of emergency and convened general...

29 Sep 2010

International Law and Organization: Weighing the Democracy Deficit

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

The history of the relationship between the United States and international law and organization has always been a love-hate one. While historically the U.S. has unquestionably been one of the strongest proponents of the development of international organizations such as the United Nations...

29 Sep 2010

The American Declaration of Independence

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

On the 4th of July 1776, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress, the American Declaration of Independence, completing the Lee Resolution, that asserted the independence of the Thirteen Colonies. This Declaration proclaimed that the Thirteen British Colonies in North America were 'Free...

29 Sep 2010

The World Trade Organization (WTO) law and the environment

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

In 1979 the Brandt Commission recommended that an international trade organization incorporating both GATT and UNCTAD was the objective towards which the international community should work. This dream came true in January 1995 when the World Trade Organization (WTO) became the successor to GATT,...

29 Sep 2010

Why, according to Iversen, have the United States and Continental Europe adopted such different approaches to labor markets and social protection?

Essay - 2 pages - Political science

Published in 2005, Torben Iversen, tries in his book ?Capitalism, Democracy and Welfare', to build a general explanation on why within a group of countries labeled western type democracies there are such differences regarding economic equality and welfare protection. With an integrated...

29 Sep 2010

UN Security Council Resolution 1559 and US multilateralism

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

The United Nations Security Council Resolution of 1559 was adopted by the Security Council on September 2, 2004 by a vote of 9 in favor (Angola, Benin, Chile, France, Germany, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom, United States), to none against, with 6 abstentions (Algeria, Brazil, China, Pakistan,...

29 Sep 2010

Non-Governmental Organizations and the United Nations System History, Problems and Prospects

Essay - 8 pages - Political science

NGOs have been active in the United Nations (U.N.) system since its inception in 1945. Although the U.N. was created as an intergovernmental organization, there was a need since the early days of the Organization to allow representatives of the civil society to participate, through formal and...

29 Sep 2010

Conflict assessment report: Lebanon

Essay - 16 pages - Political science

With its unique geographic location at the crossroads of three continents, Lebanon has always been a passageway to many different peoples and cultures. The coexistence of a dozen and a half of different religions in such a tiny territory has been a model for diversity. However, this diversity has...

29 Sep 2010

Ireland: Culture, Religion and Identity

Essay - 9 pages - Political science

In this essay, we are going to see the relationship between culture, religion and the identity in Ireland. The first part of the essay focuses on the Irish culture. We are going to answer questions like: Does Ireland have a distinctive and homogeneous culture? What does it mean to...

29 Sep 2010

Cook's resignation from the English government due to his rejection of the policy lead by downing street on the subject of the war on Iraq

Essay - 1 pages - Political science

On March 18th 2003, Robin Cook resigned from government because he did want to go to war in Iraq without a strong international coalition and a UN resolution backing it. To him, the British government went to war not because of British reasons but for the reasons that US had along with...

29 Sep 2010

How were the 2006 labor protests seen in France and abroad?

Essay - 5 pages - Political science

On 9 December 1905, a law was passed in France separating the church and the state. However, today in the United States of America, the President takes an oath on the Bible to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution against all enemies both foreign and domestic. To the French, it may sound...