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Gaddafi's African policy

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  1. Introduction
  2. A potential economic and ecological importance
    1. A possible flexibility of the treaty for a future operation?
    2. Climatic upheaval with multiple outcomes
  3. Towards recognition of indigenous peoples
  4. The Arctic: a military zone that is highly strategic
  5. Conclusion

It is well known that "unity is strength". This old adage seems to have been ingrained in the psyche of all regions of the globe including Africa. During the 7th Pan-African Congress in Accra in 1958, African leaders under the aegis of Ghanaian Kwame Nkrumah, who said "Africa Must Unite", are convinced that Africa, long ignored, will emerge as a major player on the world stage. Thus, on May 25, 1963, in Addis Ababa, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was founded at the instigation of the "King of Kings of Ethiopia" Selassie and established its headquarters in Addis Ababa. The basic ideology is pan-Africanism which is the origin of an anti-racist movement started by the African-American intellectuals, such as W.E.B DuBois. Despite the efforts of regional cooperation, Africa seems to have benefited little from economic globalization that has accelerated since the 1980s. Faced with the challenge of globalization, the continent had to be more dynamic. To give further impetus to Africa, the African Union (AU) replaced the OAU in Durban in 2002. Created in the image of the European Union, its ultimate aim is the political and economic integration of the continent.

This new institution was intended to be a catalyst for renewed pan-Africanism. Like the instigator of the AU, Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan head of state, the AU is the foundation of the United States of Africa which is simply the ultimate policy instrument of Africa to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century. However, beyond the official enthusiasm for the discourse, it should examine the chances of success of this ambitious project. Disappointed promoter of pan-Arabism, Gaddafi wants to now be the leader of Africa. Remaining in power for 40 years in Libya, long persona non grata in the West, the Libyan leader has come back on the international stage. It is clear that if his eccentric personality and controversial actions may on the contrary amuse or annoy, on every front. Invited to the UN in September 2009, currently head of the AU and the Arab Maghreb Union and waiting to host the second Afro-Arab Summit end of 2010 and the Summit of the Arab League, the one who said to be "an international leader, the dean of Arab leaders, King of the kings of Africa and the imam of the Muslims" intends to conduct its Africa policy as it sees fit.

Born on June 19, 1942 in Sirte, Libya, Muammar Gaddafi is currently the Libyan leader, and has been since 1970. Born to a Bedouin family, Gaddafi received a strict religious upbringing and entered the Military Academy in 1963. Attracted by the revolutionary nationalists like Fidel Castro and especially Nasser, Gaddafi was inspired by them to take power in Libya. Following the coup, he led a group of officers on September 1,1969, and overthrew the monarchy, forcing the king to abdicate . He then put an end to the dynasty of Senoussi as it was considered pro-Western. Advocating pan-Arabism, he nationalized businesses, asked Americans to evacuate the military bases in Libya and raised the price of a barrel of oil and other oil producing countries bagan to imitate Libya.

Tags: Libya; Muammar Gaddafi; African policies; Organization of African Unity

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