Cooper and Schindler's (2011) definition of ethics states that "Ethics are norms or standards of behavior that guide moral choices about our behavior and our relationship with others" (p. 32). Given that the new policy about possession of a competitor's information is still in draft and not yet formally approved, it is in my opinion that she needs to follow the current ethical guidelines the company is currently using.
If there are no set standards in place, then as long as she follows current federal and local laws, she can use the competitor's information. Since there are no federal or local laws being violated, and the new Business Conduct Guidelines are not formally approved, the only implication I can foresee of using the competitor's information would be the potential social stigma from coworkers.
[...] If there are no set standards in place, then as long as she follows current federal and local laws, she can use the competitor's information. b. What are the implications of those decisions even if there is no violation of law or regulation? Since there are no federal or local laws being violated, and the new Business Conduct Guidelines are not formally approved, the only implication I can foresee of using the competitor's information would be the potential social stigma from coworkers. [...]
[...] The unrestricted nonprobability is considered a convenience collection of participants. Again, Cooper and Schindler: “Researchers or field workers have the freedom to choose whomever they find: thus, the name convenience” (p. 385). The upside is that these are the cheapest and easiest to conduct however they are the least reliable due to the “convenience” factor. The researcher may have only pooled a certain group which could skew the results in a particular direction. References Cooper, D. & Schindler, P. (2011). [...]
[...] There is an expression that no matter what, nature will find a way. In almost every study, there is one variable that cannot be fully controlled, the human variable. Understanding that each person is different gives rise to the answer of this question. Cooper and Schindler explained this best when they said: Unfortunately, most research studies cannot be carried out experimentally by manipulating variables. Yet we still are interested in the question of causation. Instead of manipulating and/or controlling exposure to an experimental variable, we study subjects who have been exposed to the independent factor and those who have not and compare the results. [...]
[...] Definition existing property causes a disposition” (Cooper & Schindler p. 153). ii. Example: When I was younger, I literally lived, paycheck to paycheck. Now that I am a little older and a little wiser, my attitude towards saving has changed. I no longer live paycheck to paycheck and have started saving for the future. c. Disposition-behavior i. Definition disposition causes a specific behavior” (Cooper & Schindler p. 153). ii. Example: I used to think that generic brands were of a lower quality. [...]
[...] In what ways are they different? The two are different in that in the experimental design, the researcher(s) can manipulate the variables to see if one can/will affect the other, causation. The ex post facto design, the researcher(s) do not manipulate the variables, they simply let them play out and see what happens. Chapter 14 - Discussion Questions (Making Research Decisions) # 7 7.) Summary Firm is moving to a customer-centered organization. Employees will have more influence on customer satisfaction than before. [...]
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