Stress, mainly Work-related stress, has aroused growing interest across all over the world in recent years. The workplace has changed dramatically due to the globalization of the economy. The concept of stress was first introduced in the life sciences by Selye Hans in 1936. It was derived from the Latin word stringere'; it meant the experience of physical hardship, starvation, torture and pain. Stress is part and parcel of life. Stress can be of either positive or negative type. In a Positive way, stress is good which can motivate you and help you become more productive. However, too much stress can be more harmful. In a negative way, Stress can lead to suffer from health related problems. That is it may have negative effect on our physical, mental and social well-being. Problems can arise when the stress persists for extended periods of time. There can be situations where one feels overwhelmed by the pressures in their life, and it's not immediately obvious to him or her how to deal with that pressure. Now, dealing with one problem is not usually too difficult and can be handled by most people. It gets serious when there are multiple factors, each causing stress on their own, and they combine into excessive stress for the sufferer. Generally, stress is arises due to deficiency of strength between persons and their environment. However, the individuals still have the ability to cope against the impact of stress in their life. Stress is associated with constraints and demands can lead to potential stress.
Stress is high when there is an uncertainty of outcome and hence these outcomes can be from individual, group and organizational sources. Stress has been examined among various groups of professionals such as human service professionals, teachers, accountants, managers, nurses and pilots as well as in various contexts such as manufacturing firms, accounting firms, schools, colleges, hospitals, airlines and the like.
[...] The general indications of this stage is fast breathing with sweating and accelerated heart beat which leads to higher blood pressure and indigestion. Second Stage: RESISTANCE When did not get any relief from the first stage of stress, then we slowly start feeling a reduction in the energy levels. However, still we want to keep fighting the danger. Hence, we feel exasperated and are impatient with trivial matters. we miss our sleep schedules and find resistance breaking our body reacts by releasing the stored sugars and fats into your system. [...]
[...] Also strongly related to role stress is a lack of independence. According to Dabbish, L. A., & Kraut, R. E Email overload at work: an analysis of factors associated with email, from his research it is known that individuals given inadequate autonomy experienced increased stress and exhaustion. Conversely, when individuals are given too much freedom they often become stressed as they experience a greater degree of role conflict. The use of IT itself can induce high stress. From the research of Dabbish, L. [...]
[...] Stress has been surveyed among various groups of professionals such as human service professionals, teachers, accountants, managers, nurses and pilots as well as in various contexts such as manufacturing firms, accounting firms, schools, colleges, hospitals, airlines and the like. But, little attention is been given to examine stress among Software Professionals. According to Lewis, T. L., Smith, W. J., Belanger, F., & Harrington, K. V. established that work-overload is experienced even before an IT professional begins their career. This is compounded by a backlog of software projects due partly to the shortage of skilled software technical professionals. Closely linked to work-overload as a source of stress is the requirement for tight deadlines which many software professionals. [...]
[...] “Those who attempt to leave stress at work or keep lingering stress to themselves; stress is likely to have a pernicious effect on the emotional balance” (Roberts & Levenson, 2001). Secret (2002) recommended a gap to identify the family, job and workplace characteristics associated with employees, governing its importance. In the context of software development environment, software professional as a team have to deal with tighter deadlines, and growing demands from clients and also working for longer hours, especially in India, so that they can have teleconferences with clients in the nights. [...]
[...] A review on the previous studies on stress among the software professionals is necessary to know the areas already covered. This can help to find our new areas uncovered and to study them in depth. The earlier studies made on stress among the software professionals are as follows. The research study of Jamal M identifies that work stress were significantly related to employees physical and mental problems, job satisfaction, unproductive time at the job, and absenteeism. Brief. A. P. and J. [...]
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