Every organization, regardless of its size or the nature of business it undertakes, comprises of individuals, who must work with each other or work for others. Therefore, in order to mutually and collectively achieve the goals and objectives of the organization, these individuals must have the ability to relate to each others effectively. Since all the people in an organization are not equal and hence they cannot all work on the same level, there is a need for managers and leaders, whose main roles include getting the rest of the people to work by delegating duties and directing them respectively. More often than not, majority of the people confuse the terms management and leadership, or use them interchangeably. However, there is a distinct difference between the two in that effective leadership is regarded as the process of sowing individuals or people a vision for the future and directing them in the right direction, while effective management, is regarded as the process of ensuring that all jobs and activities in an organization are done conducted properly through delegation and supervision.
Regardless of the differences between management and leadership, the two aspects or functions are interdependent and very essential for the success of every organization (Bubb & Earley, 2007). This paper is therefore aimed at illustrating the issues related to managing and leading individuals in an organization, as well as proposing potential solutions for these issues.
[...] As mentioned earlier, leadership and management do not refer to the same thing but they are interdependent and therefore compliment each other. Firms that try to separate the two only create more problems rather than solving any (Weightman, 2004). Overview of Leadership and Management In general, terms management refers to the process of controlling and directing individuals and resources whether individually or in a group, in accordance to already established principles and values. Inmost organizations across different industries, a manager's job is regarded as one of the hardest tasks it often involve tough decisions as hiring, firing, transfers, discipline among others. [...]
[...] In addition, it is also caused by promotions to senior management and leadership positions based on job skills rather than competency and experience in leadership skills (Chapman, 2009). Solutions to Poor leadership and management in organization The current job situation requires effective managers to be god and efficient leaders as well, in order to effectively manage and directs their employees towards the successful achievement of the organization's goals and objectives. Poor leadership and management problems can be solved by building self-esteem among the employees in order to make them feel valued and appreciated. [...]
[...] Poor leadership and management can be solved by creating effective and efficient long-term plans and strategies. A well-organized and focused leader is more likely to be followed by the employees than one who is not. In addition, effective delegation can be help in solving problems created by poor leadership and management (Howel, Bowen, & Podsakoff, 1990). A good leader should have the ability to effectively delegate duties and responsibilities to their juniors without trying to do everything themselves. They should also have the ability to assess the skills and competencies of the employees in order to know which duties to assign to who. [...]
[...] However, this style maybe effective for unskilled jobs because since the advantages of control may outweigh the disadvantages. In bureaucratic leadership, the leaders lead or direct by the book. This comprises on ensuring that the set rules and procedures are followed to the letter by all the employees. This leadership style is most effective when dealing with machinery and toxic substances in order to avoid accidents (Bubb & Earley, 2007). Charismatic leadership is also known as transformational leadership and it is regarded as one of the best leadership. [...]
[...] Differences Leading and Managing As discussed earlier, there are several differences between leading and managing people or individuals. One of the most important and notable differences between leadership and management is focus oriented. Managers' focus is often inward, meaning that they concentrate on the inside aspects of the company, employees, differences in styles of work, motivation, the goals and needs of every individual. Despite the fact these differences may seem small and unimportant, they are very important in management because they help in guiding managers on the unique talents and abilities of every employee, which makes it easier to delegate duties and tasks. [...]
using our reader.