Negative externalities, technology, energy consumption
With that we are essentially engaged in a race between technology and the exponentially increasing demands of raw materials. The technology can: enable us to recycle waste, more usable resources of a quantity of raw materials, create new methods of production, and provide new sources of energy, among others.
These key issues, at which the pace will help, develop the appropriate technology. And most importantly, do not know if it will be perfected a technology that would be compatible with other ecological and environmental considerations. Some scientists are concerned about the possibility that our enormous energy consumption will affect the Earth's climate by changing weather patterns and overheat the atmosphere.
[...] Growth is very necessary, but is already beginning to threaten the world. We will have to make a cruel choice. The problem arises of a world in which growth can find ecological barriers, resulting in the need for new political and economic adjustments. The real age of Spaceship Earth is still some distance from the future, but the passengers on board are aware of their own limitations. REFERENCES: Heilbroner, Robert L., The formation of the economic society, 5th Edition Ed Guanabara - . RJ ROSSETTI, José Paschoal, Introduction to economic. [...]
[...] Would while advanced nations continue building and consolidating its industrial systems, they will leave the underdeveloped regions in a permanently lower level of well-being? STATIONARY CAPITALISM? A stationary state would create great difficulties for a capitalist system. Ending expansion, competition between companies would lead to a falling rate of profit. This would undermine the main source of income of the capitalist class. Or even worse, could trigger a downward spiral of income and employment which would plunge capitalism in severe depression. [...]
[...] But today we have certain warning signs that we can provide some estimates - Impending critical situation in the energy One day exhaust the reserves of an infinite resource: oil. But to know when we depend on two factors. One is the extent of current and probable reserves and the other is our oil usage fee. The parameters hurt problems are involved in uncertainty. Some economists say that within 20 or 30 years oil would be scarce. It means that before 2000 we must change our industrial production and consumption habits. [...]
[...] So that, to the extent that learns to economize on the use environment by recycling waste materials and avoiding disruption of the delicate ecological systems. This economy spacecraft still far away. A lot depends on the rate at which the population grows and productivity in the Third World, and the technological means to reduce pollution in the advanced countries. Moreover, all this requires a sense of great international concord for the industrial nations accept tasteful global production ceilings that the most severely penalize than their poorer sisters. [...]
[...] Growth is an exponential process. Then, a century from now, when production double ten times, we will need a volume of inputs over a thousand times the current. TECHNOLOGICAL FACTOR We do not know if one day our resources will be depleted. Because we are creating every day resources, learning to use less concentrated forms of minerals and discovering new materials. Then we may be able to exponentially expand our supply of resources. But all this requires appropriate technology. With that we are essentially engaged in a race between technology and the exponentially increasing demands of raw materials. [...]
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