This Act is part is part of the labor Laws enacted by the American parliament to protect the rights and safety of workers. It was enacted by the parliament of Trinidad and Tobago. Its main aim was to ensure that persons at work are in good working conditions free from health hazards (OSHA, 2011). The act assists to provide all round protection in the field of occupational safety. Since aviation industry is one of the places where majority of people are employed, it has to be consistent with the provisions of the Act. Unlike other workplace Acts, OSHA provides assistance to both employers and workers.
The Act covers private workers in all 50 states in U.S. Since OSHA does not cover employees of the state and federal government workers, the federal agencies must have laws and regulations that meet the same standards as private employers (Workers, 2013). OSHA does not fine federal agencies but it monitors them and responds to workers complaints. Those not covered by the Act includes the self employed, immediate family members of employers and workplace hazards regulated by another federal agency (for example, Federal Aviation Administration).
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and OSHA entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to enhance safety and health in the aviation industry. They established a joined team to identify the factors to be considered in determining weather OSHA requirements can be applied in the aviation industry. Their released a report which fulfills the objectives identified in the MOU (0SHA, 2011).
[...] Mueller, D. C. (2003). Public Choice III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Sawyer, P. A. (2004). Re-examining monetary and fiscal policy for the 21st century. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing. [...]
[...] He claimed that the economy cannot sustain itself amidst inadequate economic system which results to unemployment and other economic problems. As a result, when unemployment occurs, the purchasing power of the market will decrease which relatively results to a general fall in the demand. This situation perpetuates and heightens the problem of economic imbalance. This reality justifies Keynes' idea that the unemployment causes most macroeconomic problems (Keynes, 1987: 16). Additionally, as a further effect of unemployment, other moral and social problems arise. [...]
[...] Henderson, D. (2010). Concise Encyclopedia of Economics. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Incorporated. Keynes, J. M. (1987). Shaping the Post-War World: Bretton Woods and Reparations. In D. Moggridge, The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [...]
[...] In the early 20th century John Maynard Kaynes developed a body of theory that would allow the government to achieve these ends. Economics plays a major role in the creation of social policies. Consequently, this is also to note that social policies are intertwined with, if not greatly dominated by economic policies. Logically speaking, a government will always assess, evaluate and set an amount that it is able and willing to spend for the delivery of welfare services. Macroeconomics concerns such as public spending affects the framework from which social policies will be established. [...]
[...] This justifies the state intervention into controlling unemployment. The primary role of the state is govern social interactions in a way that either increases social welfare or is in accordance with a fundamental social contract (Mueller, 2003). The solution offered by Keynesian economics is one that advocates government intervention as a necessary element in order to achieve economic stability. Specifically, government spending, by increasing economic activity, can help stabilize prices and reduce economic fluctuations (Henderson, 2010). For Keynes, one successful way to regulate the economy especially during times of recession is for the government to spend on public welfare. [...]
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