The origin of organization has been spontaneous. It came into existence in the early stages of human evolution when persons began to co-operate and combine together to achieve a common goal. A sound management is based on proper organizational structure, which is concerned with determining responsibility and assigning of authority to different superiors and establishing proper interrelationship among them for achieving the desired objectives. It has been rightly pointed out that an organization is not an end in itself; it is a means towards an end, i.e., the accomplishment of firm's goals.
Ralph C. Davis states that, a group of people who are co-operating under the direction of leadership for the accomplishment of a common end. Generally it has been called a system of communication, a means of problem solving, and a means of facilitating decision-making.
In the broadest sense it is clear that organizing is the process of determining the total activities to achieve a given objective, grouping and assigning of activities to individuals, delegating them authority necessary to perform the activities assigned and establishing authority relationship among different positions in the organization.
The need for an organization arises when two or more persons unite together to achieve some common objectives. This is because, it is only under such circumstance, it will be necessary to know who is to do what is to do what and how his activities are related to the activities of other persons.
The need of the organization arises when two or more persons are working together to perform a task, which no one of them can perform singly because of his physical, psychological and social limitations. Organization provides a structural framework of duties and responsibilities. It on the one hand, establishes authority relationships and, on the other, provides a system of communication. Good organization enables us to achieve ends that could not have been obtained, as efficiently or as effectively through our individual efforts. As a mater of fact, organization is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. It is through organized effort that we accomplish things.
[...] It reveals that there is similarity in the perception of the haves on the variation in their education (Ref Table No:16) The relation co-efficient R = 0.834 shows a high positive relation between the variables monetary benefits and recognition and . (ref. Table. No.17) The relation co-efficient R = 0.816 shows a high positive relation between the variables training and education and scope for advancement (Ref. Table. No.18) The relation co-efficient 0.976 shows a high positive relation between the variables training and education and participative management (Ref. [...]
[...] Age Of The Respondents And Variables Of organization Climate Null Hypothesis: There is no similarity in perception of the employees based on the variation in age TABLE NO:13 Variables X Y XY advancement handling management rationality appreciation security education facilities X = Older group (age above Younger group (age below 35) n = Number of variable of = 251.78 = 243.11 = 571654 = 533570 Rd = R = 0.802 INFERENCE The correlation co-efficient Ra = 0.802 reveals that there is high positive relation between the executive of older group and younger group towards the variables of organizational climate. [...]
[...] A questionnaire consists of a number of questions printed or types in definite order on a form or set of forms. In the project organizational climate was measured through a nine dimension 27 items scale developed by Baldev R.Sharma (1989). Respondents were asked to rate on five point scale ( strongly disagree, strongly agree) the extend to which they considered statements to be agreeable to their perception. Secondary data : Secondary data are those which have already been collected by some one else and which have already been passed through the statistical process. [...]
[...] The study is conducted by concentrating on these nine variable considered, Organizations with same resources, employees of same caliber and in the same territory may yield different results. It is the upbringing of employees in organization that makes the difference. The success of any organization depends upon the kind of Climate that exists in it. Employee's commitment, satisfaction and consequently the effectiveness of the organization are influenced by the climate of the organization. PERCENTAGE ANALYSIS Table Showing Percentage Analysis of this Socio-Economic and Demographic Characteristics of the Respondents Factors No of Percentage of respondents respondents executives Designation Executives Age years) Experience in experience years experience monthly income is Compensation monthly income is holders Education holdres Inference : Out of the 40 respondents 11 executives belong to the top level management and 29 executives belong to middle level management. [...]
[...] As a mater of fact, organization is not an end in itself, but a means to an end. It is through organized effort that we accomplish things. SCOPE OF THE STUDY Organization is not a subject, it is a material aspect to build up a good working condition. The remarks made by Kenneth C. Tomwe, as a President of American Cyanamid company that sound form of organization; is the answer to every business problem; a poor organization can run even a good product into the ground; where as a good organization even with a poor product can run a good product out of the market.' cannot be regarded as an exaggeration of the importance of a good organizational structure, particularly when we evaluate the story behind the success of most of the business undertakings. [...]
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