Human resource management is concerned with human beings, who are the energetic elements of management. The success of any organization or an enterprise will depend upon the ability, strength and motivation of the persons working in it. The Human Resource Management refers to the systematic approach to the problems in any organization. It is concerned with recruitment, selection, training and development of personnel. Human resource is the most important asset of an organization .Planning for human resource is an important managerial function. It ensures sufficient supply, proper quantity and quality as well as effective utilization of human resources .In order to meet human resources needs, an organization will have to plan in advance about the requirements and the sources, etc.
Employees at the grass- root level experience a sense of frustration because of low level of wages , poor working conditions, unfavorable terms of employment , in human treatment by their superiors and the like managerial personnel feel frustrated because of alienation over their conditions of employment , interpersonal conflicts, role conflicts, job pressure , lack of freedom in work, absence of challenging work etc .
Organizations in the past, gave more importance on advance technology for higher productivity surpassing the needs and mental state of its employees. This created a negative impact on the working environment among the employees. Quality of work life denotes all the organizational inputs , which aims at the employees satisfaction and enhancing organizational effectiveness . In the late 1950s the term quality of work life was used to stress the prevailing poor quality of life at work place and it was first defined and then in terms of people's reaction to work , particularly an individual's job satisfaction and mental health. It also refers to favorableness of the job environment for people.
[...] CONCLUSIONS: From the sample survey conducted to study the quality of work life in the organization the following conclusions have been drawn. All the issues have received a positive response from the employees there by indicating the management's interest in providing the best work environment to its employees The responses gathered for each of these statements have shown that the employees were reasonably satisfied . company believes that monetarily satisfied employees are more productive and loyal to the organization. The employees are not totally satisfied by the benefits provided by the organization to meet their personal and family needs, and are hoping for the better benefits and compensation packages. [...]
[...] The role of the supervisor in QWL The supervisor is one key to the quality of work life . a study by university of Michigan, which sought to relate large number of characteristics of workers jobs overall satisfaction, illustrates the wide variety of ways by the supervisory behavior affects the subordinate satisfaction. The right most closely related factors are listed below : a. having a nurturing supervisor b. receiving advocate help , assistance etc. c. having a few labor standard problem d. [...]
[...] Flexibility in work schedules: Employees demand more freedom at the workplace , especially in scheduling their work .Among the alternative work schedules capable of enhancing the quality of working life for some employees are Flexi time i.e. a system of flexible working hours staggered hours i.e. different groups of employees begin and end work at different intervals , and compressed work week i.e. it involves more hours of work per day for fewer days per week . For example ; five days a week. [...]
[...] He influences the design of jobs, plays a key in administration of career and reward systems, and is also in a position to foster the development of social systems in none of these areas can the supervisor act alone he is the subject to variety of constraints placed by higher so that quality of work life will be enhanced as well as organizational objectives will be accomplished. Key supervisory role The two major role supervisors, which are critical to high quality of work life, are: 1. [...]
[...] The quality of work life in an organization is a function of prevailing management practices. Specifically, the role of supervision and management is of utmost significance in improving the QWL. The supervisor influences the QWL and employees directly through his influence on the design of jobs, the reward systems and the development of team work. He plays three key roles a. providing consideration. b. Serving as facilitator of employee's work efforts, and c. Encouraging appropriate amounts of a participation in crucial work decisions. [...]
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