Sweden is a country located in the Northern Europe. Its capital is Stockholm. The city is situated near the Baltic Sea therefore it is accessible to holiday cruise liners as well as other maritime traffic making the port one of the busiest in terms of traffic among other Scandinavian cities. Throughout my essay, I will evaluate cruise industry in Stockholm in terms of sustainability which is the core theme- patterns and change in geography.
For nearly two decades, cruise line business has been the fastest growing industry in the tourism sector. During 2010, over 400,000 cruise passengers visited Stockholm . Every year, bigger cruises are being built to cater high tourist demand. Most modern cruise that is built currently is design to be environmentally sustainable. Ships have been an alternative mean of transportation for tourist to travel around the world visiting historical sites, capital cities or scenic coast .
[...] Every year, more and more tourist visit Stockholm. To cater the tourist demand, the city needs to go through a process known as re-urbanization. Re- urbanization can lead to higher pollution in the city, more compacted city planning and cut down of greeneries to build new project to meet this demand. Behavior such as begging can be encouraged during peak season. Increase in drug abuse and prostitution can be seen as a result of tourism. Wherever there is mass tourist presence, there is crime. [...]
[...] However, there is social impact onboard these cruises. More and more cruises are being built, therefore in the future; there is no stop in hiring workers from LEDCs countries since they provide cruise companies with cheap labor. According to the research, there is no correlation between economic, environment and social impact. In conclusion, in terms of sustainability, cruise industry doesn't benefit Stockholm environmentally and socially. However economically speaking, very well. Looking at the long term of cruising in Stockholm, cruise industry has the potential to be more sustainable in the near future, as the city currently is tackling the environment and social effect on the city. [...]
[...] According to the graph above, it shows the number of cruise visited in Stockholm per year. This graph demonstrates that there is a strong positive correlation between number of calls and year which means each year more cruises are visiting Stockholm. Comparing the year 2000 to 2009, cruise calls to port has increased by 60% from 180 to 293 visits. However between 2007-2008 there is slow growth in cruise visit. This is mainly due to the economic crisis. Increase of 60% is mainly linked to the huge American cruises market operating in Scandinavian water. [...]
[...] In the year of 2010, 255 cruises visited Stockholm. The waste discharge from these ships might have contributed to the growth of algae over a large area of the Baltic Sea. We also need to take into account the discharge created by other ships that visited other countries in Scandinavian. Scientist warns that this could risk marine life in the area. Countries such as Sweden, Finland and Poland were affected by the Algal bloom. This has been the largest algal bloom since 2005. [...]
[...] In this research I aim to look at 3 different angles such as economic, Environmental and Socio-Cultural impact of cruise ship in Stockholm. Sustainability Diagram-Social/Environmental/Economical Assesment [pic] Graph 5: Model showing impact of Cruise Industry in three different areas such as Environment, Economy, and Social. (Design: Khairul Noor) Economic Analysis [pic] Graph 6: Economic impact while cruise docked in Stockholm port (Direct and “indirect impact”. (Model design: Khairul Noor) When a cruise docked in a port, it brings benefits to several small businesses in the city as well as the port itself. [...]
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