France is a dangerous country! This sentence might seem shocking, yet the surveys and studies conducted by various international and European institutions show that the highest numbers of deaths occur in the country. The indicators on stress and suicide rates are in red. If the figures presented were to be believed, one might question the existence of such a phenomenon in a country that is so beautiful and such a peaceful place to live in. The factors that could explain the occurrence of such a malaise among the citizens must be analyzed.
[...] Our proposal After identifying these issues, propose the following ways forward to initiate a process of prevention of psychosocial risks in business. The law and regulations, in this area are not sufficient. It is therefore necessary to overcome the shortcomings of the law through social dialogue. In the structures of more than 50 employees, the systematic use CHSCT and IRP must be made. For SMEs operating through inter-company pooling reflects a preventive approach without resorting to the IRP. This culture of social dialogue must be a reality and should give equal importance to the words of each participant. [...]
[...] Therefore, it suffices it is possible for entrepreneur reluctant to work on prevention of risks, to find a loophole that exempts him from his obligations. The employer is required to submit to the CHSCT only one document. The CHSCT therefore acts as a regulatory mechanism to the freedom of the entrepreneur in the drafting of that document. However we have seen that all French companies are not affected by the requirement to establish a CHSCT. On the contrary even if no such committee is established in institutions where staff representatives have been elected, the employer must keep the document available. [...]
[...] The work of European social partners acknowledges that state of stress occurs when there is imbalance between the perception that a person has constraints imposed by its environment and the perception he has its own resources to cope with them". We may thus define stress as a physical manifestation of feelings and perceptions. In other words, the stress originates in a feeling of isolation and loss of control over a given environment. Violence, another indicator of psychosocial disorders, occurs when one or more people feel occasionally or frequently abused, misled, threatened, or humiliated in their work environment. [...]
[...] Moreover, a policy of improving living conditions at work is underway. For this, competency management and planning of the workload has been redesigned completely to ensure that humanity is placed at the center of concern. The EDF Group also pointed a finger at the media's reaction. His plan was to institutionalize the dialogue around the living conditions at work. An observing body involving unions, experts and practitioners of occupational medicine will be established. Like Renault, EDF wants to refocus the role of managers in their place as leaders of men. [...]
[...] Above all, it must take into account the main constraints to the mechanisms of prevention of psychosocial risks in order to better overcome them. The lack of involvement of the hierarchy in the process is a risk we have seen, especially in small structures as CHSCT is not an effective counterweight. Companies should therefore submit a single document systematically to all employees and offer participatory discussions on all issues raised by the document. Lack of time is not negligible. The CHSCT, the executives were not only risks for psychosocial concerns. [...]
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