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15 Jan 2009
doc

French citizenship is relatively open to immigrants while German citizenship is relatively closed. Discuss with reference to post-war immigration to France and Germany

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Mobs recently occurred in France in dozens of poor districts in reaction to the death of two young men. As most of the population of these districts is made up of immigrants or descendants of immigrants, the emphasis has been put by some of the most prominent members of the government such as...

15 Jan 2009
doc

"Britain for and against Europe", by David Baker & David Seawright

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

This study, by a group of important political thinkers, provides an analysis of the often problematic relationship between Britain and the European Union. The book opens with a general review of the history of this relationship since 1950. This is followed by ten chapters by other researchers,...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Churchill & Roosevelt during the Second World War: The Special Relationship

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

The 7 December 1941, Japan attacked the American fleet in Pearl Harbor. From then on, the war is no more only European but officially global. The next day, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, president of the United States, declared war on Japan. With the coming into play of the American giant, the...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Russian and east European politics

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Full democratization does not necessarily follow regime change. Hybrid or ‘grey democracies' have also emerged after 1989. Choose two countries from the former Soviet bloc, one from the countries recently admitted to the European Union and one such as Ukraine, Belarus, or Moldova and...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Explain and Illustrate the concept of "limited war" in the context of the cold war

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

After 1945, the parallel rises of US and USSR, emerged two superpowers in competition at all levels, fighting for hegemony on the post war world. Characterized by the possession of the nuclear weapon, obtained and used in 1945 by the United States and developed in USSR in 1949, this new conflict...

15 Jan 2009
doc

To what degree does the evidence of contemporary cross-strait relations support the view that Taiwan and Mainland China are experiencing not only economic but also political convergence?

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

In 1949, after having lost the Chinese Civil War against the CPC, the Kuomintang retreated from Mainland China and established a government in Taipei, the largest city of the Taiwan Island, while continuing to claim its sovereignty over the whole China. At the same time, the People's Republic of...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Australia, Britain and the EU

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

The relationship between Australia and the European Union does not seem to attract much attention. Few books had been written on it, and the general impression is that this relationship is not put forward by neither Australia nor the EU. While many scholars focus today on the importance of Asia...

15 Jan 2009
doc

How does Fox News cover Africa?

Essay - 3 pages - International relations

Fox News is the top rated channel in the United States (U.S.) but it is also broadcasted internationally in 40 countries. It can stand for an American point of view about news but also for a more global one. Fox News has an obvious impact on Americans. That is why, in order to monitor the way...

15 Jan 2009
doc

"Why has the common foreign and security policy been so much more difficult to organise than economic cooperation?"

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

One of the most important discussions in the modern-day European Union concerns the lack of effectiveness of common foreign and security policy. As the Union moves towards integration, creating such a policy has become one of its most pressing concerns. I shall consider this question in...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Why has the Franco German partnership played such a pivotal role throughout the development of the European Community

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

After the end of the World War Two, France and Germany experienced hostile relations. Indeed, from 1945 to 1950, the two countries were both traumatized by the souvenir of their mutual occupation. On the French side, the Nazi's occupation had created a feeling of revenge, and on the German's one,...

15 Jan 2009
doc

"The national influence on the European integration"

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

EU is regulated by a supranational institutional system, which still takes into account the national sensitiveness. Nevertheless, there is not a traditional strong supranational authority. Indeed, there is neither army nor police, and the decision making process is mainly based on consensus; and...

15 Jan 2009
doc

Republic of China in Taiwan

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

Small country of North-East Asia, Taiwan has experienced numerous developments throughout its history, founding over the centuries its own political identity, from the beginnings as a Ch'ing prefecture and province, to the half-century of Japanese possession and to the last fifty years as the...

15 Jan 2009
doc

How Convincing Are Neorealism & Neoliberal Institutionalism To Understand Environmental Cooperation?

Tutorials/exercises - 12 pages - International relations

International cooperation is a radically different prospect with regard to positivist theories of international relations. According to each approach, states live in a specific international system, are motivated by diverse factors and possess various resources. Each theory then offers a...

13 Jan 2009
doc

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) and public contracts

Essay - 9 pages - International relations

The World Trade Organization aims at ensuring “harmony, freedom, equity and security” in trading activities. The organization has the institutional means to control the compatibility of national policies to its requirements. From financial to commercial items, all fields of legislation...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Explain and discuss the effectiveness of the EC Treaty provisions concerning state aids in preventing distortions to the operation of the single market

Essay - 12 pages - International relations

As recognised by the EC Treaty, state aids are important and necessary policy instruments to achieve social and economic goals. However, depending on the way in which they are given, State aids can have a material impact on competition, leading to significant distortions to the common...

13 Jan 2009
doc

The general oil market and the American oil policy

Thesis - 14 pages - International relations

Since the Industrial Revolution, energy is an international concern: one fifth of international trade of goods is the supply in energy of the companies. At the beginning of the century, oil became the most important energy source. Today, oil represents the most important share of the energy...

13 Jan 2009
doc

What are human rights and what place have discussions on human rights found in international relations?

Thesis - 8 pages - International relations

Though they may disagree on the importance of this phenomenon, most international experts now admit that there is a growing concern, both from states and from people, for Human Rights in international relations. Human Rights are often used to legitimate an action (diplomatic pressures, economic...

13 Jan 2009
doc

The relations between Macedonia and Albania

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

Macedonia has particular features in the Balkanic entanglement. On the one hand, we could say it is a “classical” Balkanic country, with all the negative connotations this adjective unfortunately implies: a post-Yugoslavian country, which encounters difficulties to ensure its authority,...

13 Jan 2009
doc

Milestones in the emergence of the Palestinian problem and the Arab-Israeli conflict

Thesis - 8 pages - International relations

In January 2006, the Islamic militant group Hamas won the Palestinian Parliamentary elections, with 42.2% of the votes. The election in Palestine of a group that remains committed to an armed struggle, the destruction of Israel and retaliatory attacks on Israeli civilians shows that nearly sixty...

12 Jan 2009
doc

International Organisation: The UN system

Thesis - 8 pages - International relations

Is global governance a chimera in a world of states, or is there as Keohane suggests, limited global governance in a partially globalized world, or is global governance an effective form of western hegemony? Is global governance a chimera in a world of states, or is there as Keohane suggests,...

12 Jan 2009
doc

The European North: Historical Geopolitics and International Institutional Dynamics

Thesis - 8 pages - International relations

A “brave political experiment” calling for “unconventional decisions” promoting sub-regional cooperation that ultimately might develop into “a common European social and economic space” : this is how the Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Viktor Khristenko,...

12 Jan 2009
doc

US policy towards the Taliban since the end of the cold war

Thesis - 2 pages - International relations

The withdrawal of Soviet troops in 1989 did not provoke the fall of Najibullah's communist regime, but rather the beginning of Civil war between the different factions and ethnics. The US was officially not interested anymore in that part of the world and focused primarily in Europe. However, the...

12 Jan 2009
doc

The structure of the Terror locally and nationally

Thesis - 3 pages - International relations

The terror is often depicted as the most violent period of the French Revolution, and maybe of the French history. The terror is a regime set up by Robespierre and the Committee of public safety in the aftermath of the fall of the Girondins on the 2nd of June 1793. The committee of public safety...

12 Jan 2009
doc

Japan since 1945-left Asia to join the West?

Tutorials/exercises - 7 pages - International relations

In 1639, the rule of Tokugawa Iemitsu officially stated the edict of separation of Japan, establishing a long period of isolationism for the Nippon archipelago. During this period, every contact between Japan and the outside world was forbidden, and “every Japanese who would leave the...

12 Jan 2009
doc

To what extent can we say Great Britain and the USA have a special relationship? What have the advantages and the disadvantages of the relationship been?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

Many signs in history show that the UK and the USA detain a privileged relation. As one of the first British colony to be liberated, the USA has always been related to Great Britain. These two countries share the same language, the same political tradition, the same religion. From the...

12 Jan 2009
doc

What are the main milestones in the emergence of the Palestinian problem and the Arab-Israeli conflict? - published: 12/01/2009

Thesis - 5 pages - International relations

“In a higher phase of communist society ... after labour has become not only a means of life but life's prime want ... only then can ... society inscribe on its banners: from each according to his ability to each according to his needs!” (‘Critique of the Gotha...

12 Jan 2009
doc

NGOs: Representing civil society at the WTO?

Thesis - 7 pages - International relations

In 1994, the Marrakech Agreement established the World Trade Organization (WTO), one of many suprastate institutions that were created all along the 20th century. The purpose of this organization is to regulate all trade activities between its Member states, by providing “the common...

12 Jan 2009
doc

How to reform the UN security council and why?

Thesis - 3 pages - International relations

The Security Council is usually considered as the most important organ of the UNO. Primarily “responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security” , the Security Council has huge responsibilities and thus needs legitimacy to fulfill its mission. There has been a...

12 Jan 2009
doc

The evolution of the closer relationship between the United States and India

Thesis - 14 pages - International relations

Since its independence and the end of the cold war, India has evolved considerably. Nowadays, India's power is rising like its influence on the international scene and the emergence of India as a major Asian power is a matter of fact. Indeed, thanks to diverse advantageous characteristics, India...

12 Jan 2009
doc

The role of the European Union in the democratisation of Central and Eastern Europe

Essay - 8 pages - International relations

In the concept of « consolidation of democracy », two aspects can lead to misunderstanding. Firstly, one can interrogate on the direction towards which such a consolidation is supposed to tend, as the word « consolidation » implies that democracy already exists, as...