Good human resource practice can help in attracting and retaining the best people in the organization Planning alerts the company to the type of people will need in short, medium and long run. Appropriate recruitment and selection activities identify the best people for available jobs and make sure they are placed in suitable positions. Performance appraisal training and developing individuals who need skills knowledge and attitudes different from those they currents possess. Good human resources practice can also motivate organizational members to do outstanding work.
Planning: It is a predetermined course of action. It involves planning of human resources, requirements, recruitment, selection, training etc. it also involves forecasting of personnel needs, changing values, attitudes and behavior of employees and their impact on the organization.
Organizing: An organization is a means to an end. It is essential to carry out the determined course of action. Organizing is allocation of tasks among its members.
Directing: The next logical function after completing planning and organizing is the execution of the plan. The basic function of personnel management at any level is motivating, commanding, leading and activating people. The willing and effective Co-operation of employees for the attainment of organization goals is possible through proper direction.
Controlling: After planning, organizing and directing various activities of personnel management, the performance is to be verified in order to know that the personnel function are performed in conformity with the plans and direction of organization. It compares actual with the predetermined plans.
[...] Cognitive Evaluation Need Theory MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY: Human Needs Concepts: He never feels satisfied with the fulfillment of his needs. His Needs increase progressively. No sooner, his one need is satisfied, another crops up in this place. This process never ends and continues from birth to death. Man is ever sensitive to consideration to pride, achievement, desire for esteem and affection and similar non economic drives. All individuals have inner needs or motives, which give, rise to tension within then and stimulate them to action designed to satisfy the needs and relieve the tension. [...]
[...] The conventional methods or organizing work, particularly in mass production industries, give little need to these aspects of human motivation. Scientific management practices do stand in the way of these needs being recognized by the management. * SELF-EXPRESSION OR SELF-RELISATION NEEDS Self –expression or self-realization needs the highest level of needs in the hierarchy of needs is the need for fulfillment and self-realization. These needs influence the behavior of the individuals all times, but they tend to dominate only after the physical needs, the safety and security needs, the social needs an the ego or self-esteem needs, have been relatively well satisfied. [...]
[...] There is a very close interrelationship between an appropriate behavior and rewards, more particularly the value of the reward itself. Motivation works best, if there rewards and suggestive of their scheduled timings, the quantum and their frequency. For motivation, to have its desired effect, it is necessary that reward itself. Motivation works best, it best rewards are suggestive of their scheduled timings, the quantum and their frequency. For motivation, to have its desired effect, it is necessary that reward systems should be based an equity and fair justice, as people are often motivated by comparison with their fellow workers. [...]
[...] STEPS IN MOTIVATION:- Jucius has observed that the following steps be adopts in motivation: Sizing up situations requiring motivation: Preparing a set of motivating tools, Selecting and applying an appropriate motivation; and Following up the results of the application. Sizing up: This involves ascertaining motivational needs. All employees need motivation but of varying kinds and in varying degrees. For example, One may need proper facilities for the education of one's children; Others may want higher education for them. One may take pride in producing quality work; another may be interested only in Quality. [...]
[...] Importance of motivation in management may be judged on the basis of the following factors Effective Uses of Resources In business, all physical resources are got to be used through human force. Effective and efficient use of these resources depends on the ability and readiness of workforce. Thus team of highly motivated employees greatly helps in making optimum use at available resources for achieving objectives Higher Efficiency Motivation is directly related to the level of efficiency. Highly motivated employees make full use of their energy and other abilities to raise the existing level of efficiency. [...]
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