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05 Jun 2008

Issues in Communicating the Avian Influenza Pandemic

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

The threat of avian influenza is one that differs significantly from the annual dose of flu we experience, and the occurrence of an influenza pandemic would be devastating if the public relied only on its current typical flu attitudes and practices. Avian influenza presents an enormous...

05 Jun 2008

Tuberculosis and HIV Coordination

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

Tuberculosis and HIV are responsible for the greatest burden on public health systems around the world. Their individual burdens continue to rise, straining the abilities of public health through their subsequent morbidity and mortality, yet their disease patterns are also linked to each...

04 Jun 2008

How the Human Body Responds to Physiological Health Threats

Essay - 5 pages - Medical studies

The onset of a cold of the flu often brings with it a host of maladies that are difficult for the individual to manage. Fevers, coughing, sneezing and vomiting are just a few of the things that take place when the body gets sick. While most of these problems wreak havoc on the individual's...

04 Jun 2008

Dilemmas surrounding Embryonic Stem Cell Research

Essay - 6 pages - Medical studies

Over the course of the last three decades, scientists have made many notable advances in medicine and technology. While many of these advances have been viewed as a boon for the development of society, some have brought with them precarious ethical and moral questions that have promulgated...

04 Jun 2008

AIDS in Africa (2005)

Case study - 12 pages - Medical studies

Research on the historical development of HIV/AIDS demonstrates that the first cases of this disease can be traced back to 1978. Although AIDS had not been identified at that time, five men in different parts of the world had died from unusual, yet similar diseases. These five men were all...

03 Jun 2008

The Race to Locate BRCA1 (Breast Cancer 1)

Essay - 4 pages - Medical studies

In an interview, Dr. Mary-Claire King said, “To me, the most interesting questions are those that have potentially a very practical outcome.”1 One of these questions was, What causes breast cancer? This question perplexed Dr. King since she was thirteen years old and lost her best...

03 Jun 2008

The progress that has been made in research development regarding how the body produces and regulates cholesterol

Tutorials/exercises - 7 pages - Medical studies

In recent years, cholesterol has become a topic of paramount concern for public health. Research on cholesterol has shown that increased levels of this compound in the bloodstream can increase an individual's risk for the development of a host of chronic health problems including coronary heart...

03 Jun 2008

An essay on the benefits of breast feeding

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

Child and maternal health have become significant issues for public health officials. Although infant mortality in the United States is currently at an all-time low, this is not the case in many developed and underdeveloped nations. For this reason, organizations such as the World Health...

02 Jun 2008

A Critique on Investigation of the coping antecedents to positive outcomes and distress in multiple sclerosis

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive illness of the central nervous system that damages the brain and the spinal cord. It may take different forms but all disrupt nerve function causing symptoms ranging from mild numbness and walking difficulties to paralysis and blindness. It...

02 Jun 2008

Sepsis

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

Sepsis is described as a syndrome which is characterized by a general, systemic inflammation as a reaction of the body to infection or systemic inflammatory response syndrome, that is, cases where sepsis was also be observed to develop even in the absence of bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic...

30 May 2008

Menstruation Suppression, Seasonale, and Women's Bodies in the 21rst Century

Case study - 8 pages - Medical studies

For many women, a menstrual cycle is an inextricable part of being a woman. From the onset of menarche, through childbirth, and into menopause, a woman's feminine nature is defined by menstruation, a uniquely female experience. In the twenty-first century, women are becoming aware...

12 May 2008

Renal diet

Thesis - 1 pages - Medical studies

This diet is for people with renal diseases. This is when the function of the kidney tissue is diminished. The diet allows 70g of protein, 2000mg Sodium, 1500mg Potassium and 2000 or more calories per day. Protein has to be within ½ g, sodium within 23mg and Potassium within 39 mg. 2/3 of...

28 Apr 2008

Sudden Cardiac Death

Presentation - 40 pages - Medical studies

Half of all cardiac deaths are sudden, accounting for approximately 300,000 deaths per year in the United States. SCD is death due to instantaneous, unanticipated circulatory collapse within 1 hour of initial symptoms and is often, but not always, due to a cardiac arrhythmia. More than 70% of all...

25 Apr 2008

Cells Involved in Immunity

Presentation - 22 pages - Medical studies

Development of T & B Lymphocytes Thymus-derived cells (T lymphocytes) mediate cellular immune responses; bone marrow-derived cells (B lymphocytes) are involved in humoral immunity. Both T and B lymphocytes are derived from precursor or stem cells in the marrow. Precursors of T cells...

25 Apr 2008

Atopic Disease

Presentation - 20 pages - Medical studies

Clinical manifestations resembling allergic hypersensitivity can also occur in the absence of an immunologic mechanism. Specific examples include nonallergic (intrinsic) asthma, which is triggered by the effect of inhaled dusts and fumes, weather changes, viral respiratory infections, and stress...

25 Apr 2008

The commercialization of the Medical Profession

Essay - 4 pages - Medical studies

With injuries happening daily it is no wonder that the medical field is constantly growing and evolving. This field has actively changed since its early incarnation during the Roman Era in which medicine was based on theory not science (Greig 41). With practices based on theory the profession was...

25 Apr 2008

Find the Right Doctor to Give You Hope

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

In today's environment of advanced medical practices and practitioners, it still amazes me that some doctor's are so set in their ways that they are not willing to try alternative therapies for more debilitating conditions. When scientists can clone animals, cure diseases from newborn stem cells...

15 Apr 2008

Running head: Circadian Photoreception A look at circadian photoreception in blind people

Case study - 4 pages - Medical studies

In humans, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) controls the body's circadian rhythms. Each day, sighted people have the opportunity to reset their internal clock based on the amount of ambient light entering their retinas. The retina contains a subset of retinal ganglion cells specialized in...

09 Apr 2008

PERCOCET: How it works

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

Percocet is a well known pain killer used to treat pain for moderate to severe sufferers of a wide variety of ailments. Percocet, or similarly composed products containing narcotics, are prescribed by doctors quite often for various forms of serious pain (ranging from severe, chronic, cases such...

03 Jan 2008

The Obesity Factor

Essay - 3 pages - Medical studies

As Becky waits for the bus on a chilly Thursday night she paces back and forth in anticipation. Stressing over why the bus is taking so long, she feels a pang of hunger in her stomach and realizing that she hasn't got anything at home to eat, she decides to quickly run across the street and grab...

26 Nov 2007

Genes and Chromosomes

Tutorials/exercises - 6 pages - Medical studies

As a first approximation, genes can be defined as stretches of DNA that encode a single protein or a single functional RNA, such as an rRNA or tRNA. There are exceptions to this rule because there are mechanisms, such as alternative splicing of the primary RNA transcript into different mRNAs,...

26 Nov 2007

Pelvic Circulation

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

At the bifurcation of the aorta, the middle sacral artery arises posteriorly and travels on the pelvic surface of the sacrum to supply branches to the sacral foramina and the rectum. The common iliac arteries arise at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra, run anterior and lateral to their...

26 Nov 2007

Pelvic Innervations

Essay - 2 pages - Medical studies

Surgical Anatomy of the Retroperitoneum, Kidneys, and Ureters; only the pelvic courses of its nerves are reviewed here. The iliohypogastric nerve (L1) travels between, and supplies, the internal oblique and the transversus muscles and pierces the internal and external oblique muscles 3 cm above...

26 Nov 2007

Anatomy of the Lower Urinary Tract and Male Genitalia

Tutorials/exercises - 4 pages - Medical studies

The pelvic bones are the sacrum (the termination of the axial skeleton) and the two innominate bones. The latter are formed by the fusion of the iliac, ischial, and pubic ossification centers at the acetabulum. The ischium and pubis also meet below, in the center of the inferior ramus, to form...

26 Nov 2007

The Amnion

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Medical studies

The amnion at term is a tough and tenacious but pliable membrane. It is the innermost fetal membrane and is contiguous with the aminonic fluid. This particular avascular structure occupies a role of incredible importance in human pregnancy. In many obstetrical populations, preterm premature...

26 Nov 2007

Blood Circulation in the Mature Placenta

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

Because the placenta functionally represents a rather intimate association of the fetal capillary bed to maternal blood, its gross anatomy primarily concerns vascular relations. The fetal surface of the placenta is covered by the transparent amnion beneath which the fetal chorionic vessels...

26 Nov 2007

Organization of Placenta

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

From the electron microscopic studies of Wislocki and Dempsey (1955), data were provided that permitted a functional interpretation of the fine structure of the placenta. There are prominent microvilli on the syncytial surface, corresponding to the "brush border" described by light microscopy....

26 Nov 2007

Embryonic and Placental Development

Tutorials/exercises - 2 pages - Medical studies

In a description of the earliest stages of the human blastocyst, the wall of the primitive blastodermic vesicle was characterized as consisting of a single layer of ectoderm. As early as 72 hours after ovum fertilization, the 58-cell blastula had differentiated into 5 embryo-producing cells and...

26 Nov 2007

Immunological Acceptance of the Conceptus

Tutorials/exercises - 3 pages - Medical studies

Over the last half century, many attempts to explain the survival of the semiallogenic fetal graft have been proposed. One of the earliest explanations was based on the theory of antigenic immaturity of the embryo-fetus. This was disproved by Billingham (1964) who showed that transplantation...

26 Nov 2007

Fetal Tissues of the Fetal-Maternal Communication System

Tutorials/exercises - 5 pages - Medical studies

The extravillous and villous trophoblasts are the embryonic-fetal tissues of the anatomical interface of the placental arm; the avascular fetal membranes—the amnion and chorion laeve—are the fetal tissues of the anatomical interface of the paracrine arm of this system. ...